It’s important for you to be aware of the rights you have in the US as an international student or scholar: the rights for US citizens and permanent residents are not the same as rights for people in non-immigrant statuses such as F-1 and F-2 or J-1 and J-2.
Please note, content on this page is not intended as legal advice. For further guidance, we recommend you consult with an attorney.
The Immigrant Defense Project has highlighted that people who are removable under immigration law are those at greatest risk: people present in the US after being ordered removed, people without lawful immigration status, and people with lawful immigration status who have certain criminal priors.
The Immigrant Defense Project has provided these recommendations:
The ACLU has provided further clarification on this right (see their Know Your Rights card):
The American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) emphasizes that an officer only has the right to enter your place of residence if they have a search warrant. If they do have a warrant, AILA recommends you ask them to slide it under the door or hold it up to a window. A search warrant is only valid if it has the correct name, correct address, and a judge’s signature.
See the ACLU information on What to Do When Encountering Law Enforcement at Airports and Other Ports of Entry into the US
The ACLU advises (on their Know Your Rights card) that you: