Economics of Reuse: ARTH-GA 9003.001
Professor(s): Andrew Mellor and Phil Crew
Syllabus: Economics of Reuse
This class deals progressively with the economic factors affecting reuse and regeneration, and the steps in bringing redundant buildings and places back into good use. Economics is essentially about reconciling costs, values, and risks, and in this class we learn how the basic principles can be applied to different planning and development issues. The course deals with many types of buildings and uses, and a variety of development sizes.
Integrating historic buildings and areas within urban regeneration schemes can create successful urban quarters with character where people enjoy working, living and visiting. An understanding of the special issues associated with historic buildings and areas is essential to ensure successful economic reuse and regeneration schemes.
The sessions led by Phil Crew utilise an in-depth case study to demonstrate the challenges and rewards of bringing a nineteenth century industrial building at risk back into productive and spectacular use.
The sessions focus on the acclaimed historic refurbishment and new construction development of the Granary complex within the Eastern Goods Yard at King’s Cross Central, one of the most important regeneration projects in Europe, and include:
• An overview of the components of successful regeneration and the role of conservation and reuse in regeneration projects.
• Investigation into the factors to consider in contemplating reuse and development from a leading client’s perspective.
• Identification of tools to support decision-making and to add value to a site.
• Consideration of practical project, risk and cost management factors in delivering a sustainable world-class facility.
• A visit to Central Saint Martins and University of the Arts London in the Granary Building/Eastern Goods Yard complex with a presentation and commentary from Stanton Williams architects.
• A review of the different ways in which various historic buildings and structures at King’s Cross have been reused and consider their collective contribution to economic regeneration of the area.
During the Spring semester there will also be two Enrichment Lectures on Financial Real Estate
Aspects of Architectural and Urban Development - ARTH-GA-9003-001
This course offers a sophisticated overview of aspects of the setting, presentation, and continuity of buildings.Presented in four sections, the instruction will leave the class able to navigate in four fields: town squares and gardens, the structure of older buildings, architectural representations and historic interiors.
The first section, led by Todd Longstaffe-Gowan and James Fox, focuses on landscape design. It will explore the setting of buildings, town squares and gardens throughout London, including visits to Kensington Palace and Hampton Court.
The second section, taught by Ian Hume, will help students understand the basic aspects of structure in historic buildings and learn how to undertake their repair and restoration. It will cover the principles of engineering conservation.
The third section, led by Neil Bingham, will teach students how to identify and ‘read’ the basic aspects of architectural representations (e.g. plan, elevation, section, detail, perspective). It will develop students’ appreciation of architectural drawings through the use of excellent library collections and archives at the RIBA Architecture Study Rooms at the Royal Academy of Arts and the Victoria and Albert Museum.
The fourth section considers great interiors from the 1500s to early 1900s. It will comprise a lecture and two guided tours in the acclaimed new British Galleries at the Victoria & Albert Museum.
Low Energy Strategies and Sustainability in Historic Buildings - ARTH-9005-001
Professor(s): Jessica James
This course outlines methods of environmental assessment for buildings, in relation to sustainability concepts and the impact of buildings on the environment. It examines the application of these tests including the context of existing buildings and the scope for action in this field, referencing the balance of sustainable and non-sustainable characteristics of historic buildings.
Adaptive Re-Use of Buildings in a Green World: Successes and Failures I - ARTH-GA-9001-001
Professor(s): Mr. Philip Crew, Mr. Malcolm Fryer
This course uses a range of readings and visits to buildings and places of interest to show the great variety of discourses within which historic buildings can be placed. The readings vary a great deal, including Wordsworth, Ruskin and Morris, among others, but also current government reports and guidance documents on the historic environment. They raise many theoretical points: What is the nature of the vernacular? What is the role of the classical tradition in architecture? Can historical and architectural “significance” be understood in a systematic way? In Britain attitudes and policies relating to historic buildings, and their adaptation and re-use, have been closely related to attitudes to the conservation of the landscape and the countryside. The design of traditional buildings varied greatly, depending on the pattern of local settlement and agriculture and on available building materials. Industrial cities too had their own distinctive character. Responses to change, in adapting historic buildings, need to take these individual circumstances into account.
Students should gain:
1.An understanding of the relationship between the history of buildings and their setting in a particular landscape or townscape.
2.An understanding of the challenges facing cities and rural areas, which have quantities of historic buildings, particularly in the context of economic and demographic change.
3.An understanding of how particular building types can be receptive to avariety of strategies of re-use and adaptation
Independent Study - ARTH-GA 9006-001
Professor(s): Dr. E. Diestelkamp
Syllabus: Independent Study
Independent Study is intended to encourage exposure to the wide range of lectures, conferences, exhibitions, specially organised visits, special events, and tours taking place in and around London related to the subjects of architectural history, the adaptive re - use of historic buildings and the practise of conservation.
Through the regular attendance at this variety of events, the independent study course will enable students to appreciate the wealth of activities in London on the subject areas of architectural history, the adaptive re-use of buildings and the practise of conservation. Events are arranged and held throughout the year by national amenity societies, heritage organisations, historical societies, official bodies, professional institutions, educational establishments and museums and galleries.
Adaptive Re-Use of Buildings in a Green World: Successes and Failures II - ARTH-GA 900 2001
Professor(s): Fiona Raley
The second half of this course continues the same approach used in the first, balancing readings against case studies and visits. Two key theoretical issues are explored. The first is the role of memory in the significance of historic buildings. Can public memory withstand radical changes of use? Are some building types more likely to lose their burden of public memories more easily than others? The desired outcome is to develop an understanding of the many challenges of adaptive re-use, through the study of building types and their inherent physical and social characteristics.
The second issue is that of the relationship between modernism and “heritage”. At the moment, some of the fiercest heritage debates in Britain concern modern buildings (from the 1930s to the 1980s); architects who, in the past, would have been lukewarm about preserving old buildings are now the staunchest defenders of this modern heritage. Visits are organised (e.g. to key modern housing projects in the East End of London) to illuminate these issues by practical example. Students will be encouraged to engage in debate and by the end of the course they should have a broader understanding of the place of modern architecture in Britain today, based on a range of contrasting designs and building types.
Practical Experience - ARTH-GA 9008-001
Professor(s): Alan Powers
Syllbus: Practical Experience
This class will look at the conservation of heritage assets from the viewpoint of the practitioner. Students will gain a basic understanding of London’s architectural history across the 18th – 20th Centuries, as well as an insight into the work of the amenity societies, heritage public bodies and charitable organisations that exist to conserve the best buildings from this period. The class will be taught through a combination of lectures from the Instructor, guest speakers (all experienced practitioners in their field) and site visits. Study days outside of London to the seaside towns of Folkestone, Hastings, and Margate are also arranged.
Students will learn how to approach the analysis and description of historic assets and how to assess their significance, considering different approaches to new buildings in historic contexts.Students will also gain an insight into the technical implications that new uses in historic buildings can have on their integrity and significance.There will also be the opportunity to visit some recent and current conservation-led public regeneration schemes in London.
The Practical Solution - ARTH-GA-9007-001
Professor(s): Dr. E. Diestelkamp
Syllabus: The Practical Solution
The Practical Solution course in the M. A. in Historical and Sustainable Architecture focuses on both the practice and design of adaptive reuse of historic buildings. As well as design and planning issues, the course will consider technical issues, including communication through visual media and aspects related to the conservation and reuse of historic properties.Through the study of individual case studies during the semester students will examine solutions that have been arrived at including design and planning issues as well as aspects of the client’s brief.
In addition, the role of government and advocacy groups at the local and national level, as well as the role of agencies involved with historic buildings (including English Heritage, SPAB, the Georgian Group, the Victorian and Twentieth Century Societies and ecclesiastical organisations working with historic buildings) will be explored throughout the semester.
The course will also consider issues related to contractual arrangements and problem solving in both the restoration and sympathetic adaptation of historic buildings for new purposes. The majority of seminars take place off site both in London (Whitechapel Art Gallery, The Railway Hotel in Brixton, Roundhouse in Camden) and outside London (Chatham Dockyard, Oxford, and Hardwick House).
Capstone Thesis - ARTH-GA9009-001
Professor(s): Mr. Jeremy Musson, Ms. Catherine Slessor & Dr. Benjamin Tosland with Prof Mosette Broderick and Prof Jon Ritter
Syllabus: Capstone Thesis
The culmination of the MA in Historical and Sustainable Architecture program is a thesis of independent research. This may take the form of a paper or report with supporting documentation, images and notes. Research may consist of archival investigation and/or fieldwork, including personal interviews, site reports, and condition assessments. Students will be assigned a thesis advisor, with whom they will meet regularly.
Program Enrichments: The MA in Historical and Sustainable Architecture includes a number of special Enrichment Lectures from a variety of UK experts in relevant fields of interest:
Stephen Brindle - Stephen Brindle is an historian and works for the Curatorial Department of English Heritage. Stephen attended Oxford University culminating in a PhD from Keble College in late-medieval architecture in Spain. Stephen has worked for English Heritage in a number of roles. He was an Inspector of Ancient Monuments in the Crown Buildings team and was involved in the post-fire restoration of Windsor Castle. He has published numerous books and articles in the fields of architecture and engineering. He is working on two books currently, a volume for the Pelican History of Art:Architecture in Britain and Ireland, 1530-1840 and a multi-authored history of Windsor Castle. Stephen conducts 4 lectures on the History of Architecture in the Britain for the MA programme.
Dr. Edward Denison - Professor of Architecture at the Bartlett School of Architecture and Faculty of the Built Environment, UCL, Edward Denison's wide-ranging research is motivated by the notion of 'otherness', exploring the resistance to and the role, practice and imperative of non-canonical architectural histories, especially outside the west, and in relation to modernity. Underlying all of his work is a deep concern for sustainability- ecologically, culturally and socially. His current research is focussed on the Anthropocene and the modern heritage of Africa. His most recent publication, Ultra-Modernism: Architecture and Modernity in Manchuria (Hong Kong UP, 2017), co-authored with Guang Yu Ren, won the RIBA President's Award for Research in History and Theory and the President's Medal for Research.
Matthew Higgs - Associate Director at JAW Sustainability, Matt has an MA in Environmental Management and Sustainability Science. His experience in the building industry combined with his first-hand exposure to environmental issues and research into sustainable development led to a drive to help decouple human activity from environmental degradation. His professional focus lies primarily in lowering embodied and operational carbon emissions, through the use of whole life cycle assessment (WLCA) and energy modelling. He also works to reduce waste by helping clients incorporate circular economic principles into their projects.
Dr. Olmo Silva – Dr. Silva is Senior Lecturer in Real Estate Economics and Finance at the London School of Economics. Dr. Silva conducts two comprehensive lectures on Financial Real Estate for the MA programme.
Dr. Jacob Simpson - Jacob Simpson has worked in the fields of planning, property investment and economic development since completing his Bachelor's in Urban Design and Architecture Studies at NYU and a Master's of City Planning at MIT. His most recent experience with a local authority in Greater Paris has driven his interest in researching the spatial organisation of foreign firms in large metropolitan regions, the subject of his Ph.D. Jacob teaches courses in territorial marketing at the Sorbonne as well as architectural history for various American universities in Paris.