In 1960, the Board of Trustees issued a comprehensive statement on the subject of permanent or continuous tenure. It appeared in the Faculty Handbook in the section headed “Statement in Regard to Academic Freedom and Tenure.” The Bylaws in effect at that time gave only brief descriptions of faculty titles; new Bylaws adopted since then give more ample descriptions. The text of Sections 85, 86, 87, 88, and 89 of the University Bylaws, approved May 27, 1968, as amended September 1, 2014 and through February 28, 2024, is found below. In the event of conflict between earlier and later statements by the Board of Trustees, the most recent statement governs.

Since 1974, by action of the Board of Trustees, certain professional librarians of New York University also have had full faculty status. Their titles of rank are equated with those of the teaching ranks.

Tenured Faculty

[University Bylaws, Section 85]

a) Tenured Appointments. The Tenured Faculty consists of the Professors and Associate Professors who have full-time appointments at the University and who have been awarded permanent or continuous tenure at the University in accordance with University procedures for the awarding of such tenure, including receipt of a letter from an authorized senior academic official of the University advising the faculty member that the faculty member has received the requisite approvals and has been awarded tenure. Only full-time Professors and Associate Professors may achieve permanent or continuous tenure at the University. Unless otherwise specified, Professors and Associate Professors are appointed for one year only, but they may be appointed for a longer period or without limit of time, subject to such rules respecting tenure as the Board may adopt.

b) Libraries. Curators and Associate Curators in the Division of the Libraries and in the School of Law and certain, but not all, Curators and Associate Curators in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine are granted tenure rights under conditions similar to those applicable to tenured Professors and Associate Professors. Only full-time Curators and Associate Curators may achieve permanent or continuous tenure at the University. 1

Tenure Track Faculty

[University Bylaws, Section 86]

a)  Tenure Track Appointments. The Tenure Track Faculty consists of Associate Professors and Assistant Professors who have full-time faculty appointments at the University and currently are not tenured but who may be eligible to be considered for permanent or continuous tenure at the University in accordance with University procedures for the awarding of such tenure, including receipt of a letter from an authorized senior academic official of the University advising the faculty member that their appointment is a tenure track appointment. Associate Professors and Assistant Professors are usually appointed for one year only, but full-time service in these ranks may be counted, to the extent permitted under the rules of the Board of Trustees, toward the attainment of tenure.

b)  Maximum Duration.  A full-time Associate Professor or Assistant Professor on the tenure track in any college, school, division, or department except the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine and its departments, the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, or any of its departments, the Leonard N. Stern School of Business and its departments, the College of Dentistry and its departments, and the Rory Meyers College of Nursing and its departments, who is not awarded tenure at the expiration of seven years will be ineligible for further full- time appointment in the University. A full-time Associate Professor or Assistant Professor on the tenure track in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine, or any of its departments, or in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, or any of its departments, or in the College of Dentistry, or any of its departments, or in the Rory Meyers College of Nursing, or any of its departments, who is not awarded tenure at the expiration of ten years will be ineligible for further full-time appointment in the University. A full-time Associate Professor or Assistant Professor on the tenure track in the Leonard N. Stern School of Business, or any of its departments, who is not awarded tenure at the expiration of nine years will be ineligible for further full-time appointment in the University. Service as a Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty member or as an Other Faculty member may not be counted toward the attainment of tenure by persons who may become Tenure Track Faculty members.

c)  Notice. The appropriate dean or departmental chairperson will as a matter of academic courtesy give notice of these rules to Associate Professors and Assistant Professors on the tenure track in any school, college, division, or department except the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine, and its departments, the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, and its departments, the College of Dentistry, and its departments, the Rory Meyers College of Nursing, and its departments, and the Leonard N. Stern School of Business, and its departments, in the sixth year of service, or, in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine, or any of its departments, the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, or any of its departments, and the College of Dentistry, or any of its departments, and the Rory Meyers College of Nursing, or any of its departments, in the ninth year of service, or, in the Leonard N. Stern School of Business, or any of its departments, in the eighth year of service, but no untenured Associate Professor or Assistant Professor will acquire tenure rights on the ground that the Associate Professor or Assistant Professor did not receive a notice or reminder of this section of these Bylaws.

d)  Libraries. Associate Curators and Assistant Curators who may be eligible to acquire tenure in the Division of the Libraries and in the School of Law and certain Associate Curators and Assistant Curators in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine are appointed on the same terms and conditions as Associate Professors and Assistant Professors on the tenure track at the University, without extension of probationary period as provided for Associate Professors and Assistant Professors in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine, and are subject to the same prohibition on further full-time appointment if not promoted at the end of the specified periods. This provision does not apply to individuals other than those specifically listed herein.

Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty

[University Bylaws, Section 87]

(a) Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty Appointments. The Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty consists of faculty who are not Tenured/Tenure Track Faculty and who: (i) have full-time appointments at the University; (ii) have titles or appointments that do not prohibit indefinite contract renewals (although promotion within the appointment category, such as from assistant to associate, may be required for renewal); and (iii) are not visiting faculty (including persons who have tenure or are on the tenure track at another institution and persons who are on leave from another institution or a company). A Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty member does not lose that status during the duration of their full-time faculty employment because the person has been advised that their contract will not be renewed. Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty are not eligible for tenure.

(b) Contracts and Titles. Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty are appointed for a definite period of time and the appointment automatically terminates at the close of that period unless there is an official notice of renewal. Unless otherwise specified, Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty are appointed for one year only, but they may be appointed for a longer period, subject to such rules respecting Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty as the Board may adopt. Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty have an array of titles, which may vary depending on the college or school. On rare occasions, the title of professor, associate professor, or assistant professor are utilized for Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty, most commonly in the case of senior faculty who come to the University after a distinguished career at another institution and at the Abu Dhabi and Shanghai portal campuses.2 Titles also may include, among others, certain of the non-tenure position titles set forth in Section 89 of these Bylaws.

(c) Libraries. Librarians of Practice, Associate Librarians of Practice and Assistant Librarians of Practice and certain Curators, Associate Curators, and Assistant Curators in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine and the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine – Long Island who are appointed on the terms and conditions required for Full- Time Continuing Contract Faculty at the University are considered Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty for purposes of these Bylaws. This provision does not apply to individuals who do not hold the titles listed herein.

Other Faculty

[University Bylaws, Section 88]

a) Other Full-Time Faculty Appointments. Other Full-Time Faculty consists of faculty who are not Tenured/Tenure Track Faculty and who are not Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty. They may include: (i) faculty whose titles or appointments prohibit indefinite contract renewals; (ii) temporary faculty; (iii) visiting faculty; (iv) instructors; (v) faculty with global titles; and (vi) faculty with “in residence” titles.3 Other Full-Time Faculty positions are short term and visiting in nature.  Other Full-Time Faculty may not be appointed for longer than three years, with the exception of Other Full-Time Faculty who hold “in residence” or global faculty titles, whose appointments may be intermittent and/or may extend for longer periods.

(b) Adjunct and Other Part-Time Faculty. Adjunct faculty have part-time positions.

(c) Other Faculty are not eligible for tenure. Other Faculty are appointed for a definite period of time, not exceeding one academic year unless otherwise specified, and the appointment automatically terminates at the close of that period unless there is an official notice of renewal. Other Faculty have an array of titles, which may vary depending on the college or school. Titles may include, among others, certain of the non- tenure position titles set forth in Section 89 of these Bylaws.

Non-Tenure Positions

[University Bylaws, Sections 87, 88, and 89]

Instruction or research service shall be without tenure implications of any kind, regardless of rank or title, if rendered in a part-time capacity, or in a temporary position, or in a program having a subsidy of limited duration. Sections 87(a) and 88 of the University Bylaws provide that Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty and Other Faculty are not eligible for tenure. Sections 87(b) and 88 of the University Bylaws provide that appointment to a non-tenure position shall be for a definite period of time, not exceeding one academic year unless otherwise specified, and shall automatically terminate at the close of that period unless there is an official notice of renewal. Any position designated by a title not specified in this chapter will be a nontenure position unless the Board determines otherwise. Non-tenure positions, which may be faculty or non-faculty positions, include but are not limited to, the titles below.

Full-Time Continuing Contract Faculty titles:

  • arts titles (e.g., arts professor, associate arts professor, assistant arts professor);
  • clinical titles (e.g., clinical professor, clinical associate professor, clinical assistant professor, clinical instructor); 456;
  • industry titles (e.g., distinguished industry professor, industry professor, industry associate professor, industry assistant professor);
  • lecturer titles (e.g., senior lecturer, associate senior lecturer, lecturer, associate lecturer, assistant lecturer, senior language lecturer, language lecturer);
  • library titles where librarians are classified as faculty members (e.g., librarian of practice, associate librarian of practice, assistant librarian of practice) 7;
  • music titles (e.g., music professor, music associate professor, music assistant professor);
  •  of practice titles (e.g., professor of practice, associate professor of practice, assistant professor of practice)8
  • teacher titles (e.g., distinguished teacher, master teacher, teacher, associate teacher).

Other Faculty titles:

  • global titles 9(e.g., global distinguished professor, global instructor, global visiting professor, global professor except when a title that includes global professor is conferred as a distinction upon a faculty member with tenure);
  • visiting professors (e.g., distinguished visiting professor, visiting professor, visiting associate professor, visiting assistant professor, visiting lecturer, visiting arts professor, visiting associate arts professor, visiting assistant arts professor, visiting clinical professor, visiting clinical associate professor, visiting clinical assistant professor);
  • assistant professor/(modified) titles (e.g., assistant professor/Courant instructor, assistant professor/faculty fellow, assistant professor/emerging scholar, assistant curator/faculty fellow, acting assistant professor; includes the title of faculty fellow without the assistant professor designation);
  •  instructor10;
  • library associate;
  •  in residence titles (e.g., writer in residence, distinguished writer in residence, artist in residence, distinguished artist in residence, scientist in residence, journalist in residence, distinguished journalist in residence), except when an “in residence” title is conveyed on individuals who do not hold faculty appointments (e.g., entrepreneur in residence, executive in residence)11;
  • adjunct and other part-time faculty titles (e.g., adjunct professor, adjunct associate professor, adjunct assistant professor, clinical adjunct professor)12.

Emeriti Faculty titles (e.g., emeritus professor, emerita professor, emeritus clinical professor, emerita clinical professor, emeritus arts professor, emerita arts professor, emeritus industry professor, emerita industry professor) 13.

Non-faculty titles:

  • titles that include research and/or scientist (e.g., research professor, research associate professor, research assistant professor, research associate, research affiliate, senior research scholar, research scholar, associate research scholar, assistant research scholar, visiting research scholar, visiting research professor, visiting research associate professor, visiting assistant research professor, senior research scientist, research scientist, associate research scientist, assistant research scientist; professor (research), associate professor (research), assistant professor (research) 14, 15;
  •  titles that include scholar (e.g., distinguished scholar, visiting scholar, program affiliate scholar);
  • associate faculty title when held by full time administrators;
  • titles held by students (e.g., graduate assistant, research assistant, teaching assistant, teaching associate, teaching fellow).

Additional detail about non-tenure positions can be found at the website of the Office of Academic Appointments, Non-Tenure Track Titles.

1This provision does not apply to librarians at NYU Abu Dhabi and at NYU Shanghai

2 The titles professor, associate professor, and assistant professor are no longer regularly assigned to Continuing Contract Faculty at NYU Abu Dhabi and NYU Shanghai.

3 Other Faculty do not include those who are scholar in residence or distinguished scholar in residence who also hold professors of practice titles.

4 This does not include instances where the title professor of clinical law, associate professor of clinical law, or assistant professor of clinical law is held by a faculty member with tenure or on the tenure track.

5 In the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine and the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, clinical professor, clinical associate professor, clinical assistant professor and clinical instructor denote part-time status.

6 In Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine and Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, Continuing Contract Faculty titles include professor (clinical), associate professor (clinical), and assistant professor (clinical).

7 In Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine and Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, Continuing Contract Faculty titles include curator (non-tenure eligible), associate curator (non-tenure eligible), and assistant curator (non-tenure eligible).

8 At the Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Continuing Contract Faculty titles include professor of management practice.

9 Other Faculty global titles do not include Global Network Faculty titles.

10 This does not include instructors at NYU Abu Dhabi.

11 Scholar in residence or distinguished scholar in residence are Continuing Contract Faculty titles when assigned in conjunction with a professor of practice title.

12  In the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine and the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, research professor, research associate professor, and research assistant professor denote part time status.  In the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine, visiting professor, visiting associate professor, and visiting assistant professor denote part-time status.

13 In the Gallatin School of Individualized Study, emeriti titles include founding professor emeritus and founding professor emerita.

14 The research professor title may also be conferred as a distinction upon a faculty member with tenure or on the tenure track or in a continuing contract faculty position (e.g., in the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine and the Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine - Long Island, professor (research), associate professor (research), assistant professor (research); and in the College of Dentistry and in NYU Shanghai, research professor, research associate professor, research assistant professor).

15 Full-time researchers may maintain a secondary faculty title.