Cover illustration by Tim McDonagh
Senior VP for University Relations and Public Affairs Lynne P. Brown
Vice Provost for Research Stacie Grossman Bloom
Assistant VP of Communications Jason Hollander
Editor in Chief Renée Alfuso
Design B&G Design Studios
Fact Checker Logan Orlando
Copy Editor Heidi Ernst
Scope is the annual research magazine of New York University.
Contents copyright 2019. All rights reserved.
No responsibility will be accepted for unsolicited manuscripts and artwork. Bylined articles reflect the viewpoints of writers and are not to be construed as expression of official university policy.