Top findings from the past month.
This month, Steinhardt's Tyler W. Watts replicated the famous "marshmallow test" with a larger and more diverse group of children—and found that the ability to resist temptation and wait longer to eat the marshmallow has a smaller effect on long-term cognitive and behavioral outcomes than previously thought.
Meyers College of Nursing researchers developed a "smart" dresser—topped with a tablet, camera, and motion sensor—that uses sensors, barcodes, and image recognition to help people with dementia through the process of getting dressed independently.
Chemistry professor Alexej Jerschow and colleagues developed an MRI-based technique to diagnose the "health" of lithion ion batteries (including how much charge is left and whether they have internal defects), while NYU School of Medicine researchers created an MRI "glove" that can capture high-quality images of bones, tendons, and ligaments moving together in the hand.
A study by the Silver School's Michael Lindsey found that the 25% of respondents to the National Transgender Discrimination Survey who had been denied access to mental health treatment were at higher risk of substance abuse and attempted suicide.
A Furman Center report showed that while New York City housing stock grew by about 8% between 2000 and 2016, that likely wasn't enough to keep pace with 16% job growth and 11% growth in the adult population over the same period.
Orrin Devinsky, director of NYU Langone's Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, led a study that found cannabidiol—a compound derived from the cabbanis plant that doesn't produce a "high"—to be effective in significantly reducing the number of dangerous seizures in patients with a severe form of epilepsy called Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
Biologists determined how transcription factors, which guide gene regulation, function differently in embryonic development—findings that help illuminate how cells acquire distinct functions as an embryo matures.
A time-based machine learning approach developed by computer scientists and genomics researchers to deduce the temporal logic of nitrogen signaling in plants could offer new ways to monitor and enhance crop growth while using less nitrogen fertilizer.
A School of Medicine study showed that proposed changes to the International Classification of Diseases—a global diagnostic and health management tool under the auspices of the World Health Organization—could lead to 57% reduction in diagnosis of moderate (and thus more easily treatable) PTSD.
An NYU Meyers study found that one in three nurses works longer than scheduled, and that the overtime led to less collaboration among fellow nurses and physicians.