Top NYU findings from the past month.
An NYU Furman Center report showed that in 2015, more than 30 million people—or 10% of the U.S. population) lived in the combined 100-year and 500-year floodplain, with the largest share living in Arizona (64%), followed by (Florida 26%), North Dakota (20%), and Louisiana (17%).
NYU psychology research showed that people tend to overstate their negative feelings and symptoms in surveys. An NYU sociologist found that men who have unwanted sex with women do so in order to conform to gender expectations about masculinity and to avoid "awkward" interactions.
Though a previous body of research had suggested that obesity may be associated with improved survival for people with cardiovascular disease, an NYU College of Global Public Health study did not find evidence of this so-called "obesity paradox" among those newly diagnosed with conditions such as myocardial infarction (heart attack), chronic heart failure, stroke, and ischemic heart disease.
In education, Steinhardt researchers found that teachers with more multicultural awareness—meaning awareness of, comfort with, and sensitivity toward issues of cultural diversity in the classroom—fostered stronger and more nurturing classroom environments. However, multicultural awareness varied considerably among teachers based on their own race or ethnicity—black and Latino teachers reported more than their white and Asian-American counterparts—and prior experience working with students of color.
Researchers at NYU Langone Health's Perlmutter Cancer Center identified three types of bacteria found in the mouths of Americans that might heighten or lower their risk of developing esophageal cancer. Also in medicine, a study of newborn mice found that that a single dose of lithium chloride—a drug used to treat bipolar depression and aggression—could prevent sleep disturbances, memory loss, and learning problems associated with fetal alcohol syndrome.