This month, NYU School of Medicine researchers identified a previously unknown "organ" with implications for all body systems and tissues. The layers of the body long thought to be dense, connective tissues—below the skin’s surface, lining the digestive tract, lungs, and urinary systems, and surrounding arteries, veins, and the fascia between muscles—are instead interconnected, fluid-filled compartments. The finding could explain why cancer that invades this layer is much more likely to spread.
A team of physicists including NYU's Sjoert van Velzen discovered the mechanism black holes use to "eat" stars—and then "spit out" part of what they had consumed.
A Meyers College of Nursing study showed that the stress of parenting can alter the DNA methylation in African American mothers—an epigenetic change that can lead to a variety of diseases. NYU biologists studied how neurons used in the perception of motion form in the brain of a fly—a finding that could help scientists better understand the onset of neurological disorders.
Tandon cybersecurity researcher Damon McCoy found that South Koreans are disproportionately impacted by ransomware campaigns, that most ransomware operators used a Russian bitcoin exchange, BTC-E, to convert bitcoin to fiat currency, and that an estimated 20,000 people made ransomware payments over the past two years, at a confirmed cost of $16 million. Steinhardt psychologist Norissa Williams found that integrated care frameworks—where patients have access to lots of different kinds of care within one system—can improve access to mental health services for African Americans, who are disproportionately affected by mental illnesses. Wagner researcher Tatiana Homonoff showed that the simple act of checking your FICO credit score can lead to making better financial decisions.
Researchers in medicine and dentistry found that in patients with pancreatic cancer, bacteria in the pancreas increases more than a thousand fold, and become dominated by a species that prevents the immune system from attacking tumor cells. Physicists developed a method of designing emulsions that self-organize into well-defined patterns, with alternating layers of unmixable liquids—such as oil, water, and alcohol—arranged inside each other like Russian nesting dolls.
A team lead by Tandon applied physics professor Stephen Arnold moved a step closer to creating Star Trek-like biosensor devices that could flag the slightest presence of viruses in blood, identify a maker for a specific cancer, or sniff out airborne chemical warfare agents when they are still far below toxic levels. The WGM biosensor, which Arnold named for the famous Whispering Gallery in the dome of St. Paul’s Cathedral in London, is a device the size of a small smartphone comprising a tunable laser guided that's down a specially treated fiber optic filament. A detector at the filament's far end measures the laser light’s intensity and resonance.
Nursing researchers founds that drug use among electronic dance music partygoers is not limited to typical "club" drugs, with 1 in 10 EDM party attendees reporting misuse of opioids within the past year.
In medicine, researchers found that three quarters of foods advertised on the televised sports programs most popular among children ages 2-17 failed to meet minimal standards for nutrition.