This month, An NYU Wagner researcher found that a Chicago 7-cent tax on paper and plastic checkout bags caused a 42% drop in the total number of disposable bags used.
Computer scientists at Tandon with colleagues at Michigan State analyzed a database of 8,200 partial fingerprints to develop 92 "MasterPrints" that could potentially be used to fool biometric security systems on smartphones.
NYU neuroscientist Pascal Wallisch concluded that differences in perception—white and gold or black and blue?—of "the dress" that went viral in 2015 were due to our assumptions about how the dress was illuminated.
In a paper titled "People on People on People," Wagner's Paul C. Light explained how pay freezes made "chief of staff" the fastest growing category of jobs at the top of the federal government hierarchy, which has more layers of leaders—and more leaders per layer—than ever before.
A Steinhardt study of Texas students found that more than 60% of the racial gaps in college completion could be traced to pre-college factors such as poverty and attending minority high schools lacking access to rigorous coursework. Also in education, researchers noted that children in poor neighborhoods are less likely to have complex language building opportunities at home and at school—putting them at a double disadvantage in kindergarten.
At Langone, researchers linked repeated cycles of weight fluctuation to higher risk for stroke and heart attack in people with coronary artery disease, tested a surgical technique that sends electrical impulses to a specific area of the brain to reduce involuntary tics experienced by young adults with severe Tourette syndrome, and concluded that 3.4 percent of the US population—or more than 8.3 million adults—suffer from serious psychological distress, with increasingly limited access to mental health services.
Curiously, the sounds of all-night car horn blasts and shouting in New York City's noisiest neighborhoods were linked to unexplained improvements in body weight and blood pressure for the urban poor living there.
A review of the published medical literature on doctor-patient communication revealed hearing loss among older patients as an underexamined factor in quality of care.
And NYU neuroscientists found that students' brainwaves sync up with their classmates when they like the class and each other.