This month, NYU researchers found that kids who attended full-time public pre-school were much more likely to later take New York City's gifted and talented test, that syringe-sharing and other risky behaviors among heroin users could lead to a rise in HIV among people who inject drugs in Colombia, and that a new cooling technique can protect the brain's speech centers from damage during surgery.

By “exciting” selected groups of brain cells with light from a surgically inserted probe, Langone's Dayu Lin and colleagues found that they could incite rage in male mice. NYU Abu Dhabi biologist Justin Blau studied the "circadian circuit" that connects clock neurons to the central brain areas that tell fruit flies when to sleep. Rusk Rehabilitation researchers found that non-native English speakers struggle with a sideline vision test commonly used to assess athletes for signs of concussion.

An NYU astrophysicist found that light from a type Ia supernova explosion shines bright for much longer than expected, while medical researchers concluded that the bacterial microbes found on the floors and walls of town and city houses are very different from those found on the floors and walls of rural and jungle huts. (Guess which are more likely to make you sick.)

Donald Wilson found that exposure to alcohol in the womb can lead to problems getting enough uninterrupted slow-wave sleep—the kind that helps us turn a day's events into permanent memories—well into adulthood. In a pilot study at Langone, researchers swabbed babies born by C-section with their mothers’ birth fluid, thus partially restoring the mix of bacteria—thought to be critical to immune system development—that coat the bodies of babies born vaginally.

Food studies professor Caroline Dmitri found that three-quarters of urban farmers expressed a social mission for their work.