Game theorists devised a rule change to even the odds in soccer penalty kick shootouts, food studies researchers identified store size and neighborhood demographics as factors that determine whether New York City retailers sell organic products, and neuroscientists may have located bad intentions — the kind that precede violence — in a region of the brain’s hypothalamus.
In education, researchers found that moving free breakfast from cafeterias to classrooms increased the percentage of kids who ate breakfast (and not the percentage of kids who became obese), that improved school climate boosted student achievement and reduced teacher turnover, and that being classified as overweight on a report card did not cause teenage girls’ body mass index to change over the next year.
Nursing researchers developed tools to assess treatment needs and tailor care for the very young (pediatric patients with complex medical conditions) and the very old (dementia patients living at home).
An NYU Langone study put the economic cost of the nearly 16,000 premature births linked to air pollution in the U.S. at $4.33 billion.
Career-driven folks were found to be more likely to resort to immoral conduct at work when they received negative feedback about their potential to succeed in their chosen field. White people who live in neighborhoods where they’re not likely to see people of other races were found to exhibit more negative bias toward mixed-race people.