The Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. Diminishing sea ice and melting permafrost are expanding intercontinental shipping, increasing access to energy resources and minerals, and potentially igniting geopolitical and security challenges in what many consider the world’s final frontier. Emerging from these new realities are increasingly complex challenges to sovereignty and security. What current and future geopolitical and security issues stem from increased focus on this region, and what are the implications for nations holding territory there as well as other stakeholders? The Center for Global Affairs held a conversation at NYU Washington, DC about policy challenges and potential solutions for the future of the Arctic.