January 24, 2019
Continued political divide, negotiation stagnation, and unwavering distrust are only some of the many obstacles in the festering conflict between Israel and Palestine. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas have not reached a deal, nor does this seem to be likely in the near future.
In what some call the post-Oslo era, can this conflict be resolved without US intervention? Does the current administration’s neglect of new measures to continue propagating “land for peace” unveil the US’s future role? What is the best solution to this conflict?
This evening’s program hosted by NYU Washington, DC will feature a discussion between Speaker of the Fifteenth Knesset and NYU AD Visiting Professor, Avrum Burg, and President and Co-Founder of the Arab American Institute and NYU Visiting Scholar, James Zogby, who will delve into some of the conflict’s issues surrounding border settlements and security, refugees, and the place that started it all, Jerusalem.
Avraham Burg, Speaker of the Fifteenth Knesset, was born in Jerusalem in 1955. Following his military service as an officer in the Paratroop Division, Avraham Burg became one of the leaders of the protest movement against the war in Lebanon. (He was wounded by the hand grenade thrown at the protesters of the Peace Now movement in Jerusalem that caused the death of Emil Grunzweig.) In 1985, he was appointed by then Prime Minister Shimon Peres to serve as his adviser on Diaspora Affairs, a position he continued in until 1988. That year Burg was elected to the Knesset on the Alignment Party List, where he was a prominent member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, the Finance Committee and the State Control Committee. Burg was elected to the Knesset once again in 1992, having placed third on the Labor Party list, after the late Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres. Until 1995, he served as Chairman of the Knesset Education and Culture Committee.
In February 1995, Burg was elected Chairman of the Executive of the Jewish Agency for Israel and the World Zionist Organization and, on taking up this position, resigned from the Knesset. Under Burg's leadership there were significant changes in the structure and role of the National Institutions, which began to operate in several new areas, such as the restitution of Jewish property stolen during the Holocaust and the battle for religious pluralism and tolerance among the Jewish people. He stepped down from this position in 1999 to run for the Knesset on the One Israel list, and in July 1999 was elected Speaker of the Knesset. Avraham Burg's father, Dr. Yosef Burg, was a prominent leader of the National Religious Party, who served as minister in Israeli governments from the first years of the state until the 1980's.
Burg is married to Yael, born in France, a psychologist and the principal of a Jerusalem high school. They live with their six children in Nataf, a small, mixed religious-secular community close to Jerusalem.
James Zogby co-founded the Arab American Institute in 1985 and continues to serve as its president. He is Director of Zogby Research Services, a firm that has conducted groundbreaking surveys across the Middle East. For the past 3 decades, he has served in leadership roles in the Democratic National Committee and served 2 terms as a President Obama appointee to the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom. He writes a weekly column published in 12 countries. He is featured frequently on national and international media as an expert on Middle East affairs. In 2010, Zogby published the highly-acclaimed book, Arab Voices. His 2013 e-books, Looking at Iran: The Rise and Fall of Iran in Arab Public Opinion and 20 Years After Oslo, are drawn from his extensive polling across the Middle East with Zogby Research Services.