One of the most notable changes in British Politics in the past decade, is the growing Independence of Members of Parliament. Historically, MPs followed the Party Whips as Party support was essential to preferment. As a consequence of these changes, many political scientists in the UK have tended to devote their attention to studying the executive rather than the legislature.
While several academics have written about this phenomenon – none has put forward, or even attempted to put forward, a coherent thesis to explain the rise in MP independence. This comparative discussion helped illustrate clear trends that have led to the decline in partisan voting, the growth in the number of ‘safe seats’, increasing lobbing activity in Parliament and the rise in importance of Parliamentary Committees.
Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1976, David Bonoir served Michigan’s Macomb and St. Clair Counties for 26 years—the longest tenure of any Congressman from this district. When he retired at the end of 2002, he had held the position of Democratic Whip, the second ranking Democrat in the House, for 10 years.
Bonior currently serves on the board of directors of Jobs With Justice and was the founding chair of American Rights at Work.
His tenure in Congress was marked by a passion for social and economic justice. Bonior earned a reputation as a strong voice for working families and as a leader on the environment, fair trade, jobs, and human and civil rights.
Born in Detroit, he graduated from the University of Iowa, received a master’s degree in history from Chapman College, served in the Air Force, and worked as a probation officer and adoption caseworker before he was elected to the Michigan Legislature in 1972.
Bonior is the author of two books: The Vietnam Veteran: A History of Neglect and Walking to Mackinac. He previously served as University Professor of Labor Studies at Wayne State University and on the boards of Public Citizen and Community Central Bank in Mount Clemens, Mich.
He and his wife Judy live in Washington, D.C., and are the parents of three adult children.
Thomas A. (Tad) Devine was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1955. He was an All-State basketball player at La Salle Academy, and received his A.B. in American History from Brown University, and his J.D. from Suffolk University School of Law. He is a member of the Bar in Rhode Island and the District of Columbia.
Since 1993, Tad has worked as a media consultant— writing, directing and producing television, radio and Internet advertising for leading Democratic and Independent candidates in the United States and providing strategic advice for national campaigns in Europe, the Middle East, Asia and Latin America. He has produced television advertising in 20 winning U.S. Senate and Gubernatorial campaigns, and worked as a media consultant and strategist in 10 winning campaigns for President or Prime Minister around the world.
In the U.S., Tad has worked at the highest-levels of campaigns for President. In 2000, he served as a senior strategist to the Gore/Lieberman campaign and oversaw day-to-day management in the general election. In 2004, Tad served as a senior advisor and strategist to Senator John Kerry’s campaign for President in both the primary and the general election. He frequently represented the campaign on programs like Meet the Press and Face the Nation.
Tad’s international experience includes his work as a strategist and media consultant for winning campaigns in Colombia (President Andres Pastrana - 1998), Israel (Prime Minister Ehud Barak - 1999), Peru (President Alejandro Toledo - 2001), Bolivia (President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada - 2002), Ireland (Taoiseach Bertie Ahern 1997, 2002 and 2007), Honduras (President Mel Zelaya - 2005), and in Ukraine (Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych - 2006; President Yanukovych - 2010).
Tad is considered one of the leading experts on the Democratic Party’s presidential nominating process and general election strategy. His work in presidential politics began in 1980 on President Carter’s campaign. He later worked as Deputy Delegate Director in the primary campaign of Walter Mondale, and Executive Assistant to the Campaign Manager in the 1984 general election.
In 1987-88, Tad served as Director of Delegate Selection and Field Operations in the presidential nomination campaign of Governor Michael Dukakis. In the general election, he served as Campaign Manager for the Vice Presidential nominee, Senator Lloyd Bentsen of Texas.
In 1992, Tad was Campaign Manager for Senator Bob Kerrey’s campaign for President. Later that year, he served as a member of the Democratic Party Rules Committee from Rhode Island. He was again a member of the Rules Committee in 2004 from Virginia. At the 1992 Democratic National Convention in New York he was a consultant to CBS News.
Tad has also worked in law, government and academia. From 1982-83 he served as a law clerk to the Rhode Island Superior Court, and from 1985-87 he worked as an Associate Attorney in the Washington, D.C. office of the law firm of Winston & Strawn. From 1989-90, he served as a Chief of Staff to the Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island.
From 1991-93, Tad served as Assistant to the President of Boston University. In addition to his duties in President John Silber’s office, he taught a course on presidential campaigns in the Department of Political Science, and was a frequent university lecturer. As a 2011 Fellow at The Institute of Politics at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, Tad led a study group on international political consulting. Most recently, he has taught campaign management and strategy courses at New York University, The University of Pennsylvania, and George Washington University Graduate School of Political Management.
Tad is a member of the Board of Directors of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), a bi-partisan nonprofit NGO which supports citizens’ right to participate in free and fair elections.
Tad’s most recent publications include: “At Home and Abroad – The Decline of American Political Exceptionalism,” an essay which was published in the Harvard International Review (April 10, 2012). He was also a contributing author in Campaigning for President 2012: Strategy and Tactics with his chapter titled, “Obama Campaigns for Re-election” (Routledge 2013). Tad also wrote “Paid Media – In an Era of Rapid and Revolutionary Change” a chapter in Campaigns on the Cutting Edge (CQ Press 2012).
In 2005, Tad and his former partner Mike Donilon formed D&D Media. Their firm produced advertising for a winning campaign for Governor in New Jersey (Corzine), and in winning Senate races in Rhode Island (Whitehouse), Florida (Nelson), Vermont (Sanders), and for the DSCC independent expenditure for winning Senate races in Missouri (McCaskill) and New Jersey (Menendez). They also produced the media in the winning campaigns of Mel Zelaya for President of Honduras and Viktor Yanukovych for Prime Minister in Ukraine.
In 2007, Tad Devine joined with Julian Mulvey to form Devine Mulvey, a U.S. and international political consulting firm offering strategic and communications advice to clients across the globe. Leading political organizations have recognized their work as some of the finest in America, having received the highest recognition of quality advertising in the industry. In 2009, Devine Mulvey won the award for the “Best Statewide Ad” from Campaigns & Elections magazine. In October 2010, Tad was recognized as one of “the nation’s most respected media consultants” by USA Today.
In 2013, Devine Mulvey teamed up with Mark Longabaugh to form Devine Mulvey Longabaugh. Together, the partners have produced advertising campaigns for 25 winning U.S. Senate and Gubernatorial races, 22 winning U.S. House races, 10 winning campaigns for President and Prime Minister around the world and 57 winning State Senate and Representative races across America. The industry has recognized their work with over 40 Pollie Awards from the American Association of Political Consultants and 6 Reed Awards from Campaigns & Elections Magazine.
Tad met his wife of 30 years Ellen when they were both first year law students in Boston.They live in Block Island Rhode Island and Washington D.C. with their pug, Maeby. They are the parents of three adult children: Anna a graduate of Brown University, Jacqueline, a graduate of William & Mary, and Thomas, a senior at the University of New Hampshire.
Linda Killian is a Washington journalist and a senior scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
Her new book is "THE SWING VOTE: The Untapped Power of Independents", published by St. Martin’s Press. Linda Killian talked with hundreds of citizens, activists and public officials around the country and paints a vivid portrait of the swing voters. She focuses on four key swing states – Colorado, Ohio, New Hampshire and Virginia - that will be critical in the 2012 election. Killian presents a new model of the swing voters and reveals four key swing demographic groups – NPR Republicans, America First Democrats, The Facebook Generation and Starbucks Moms and Dads. She describes the intense disappointment and frustration these voters have with the political system and the two parties. She also examines the heightened polarization of Democratic and Republican elected officials and their inability to deal with our nation’s most important problems. In “THE SWING VOTE” Killian offers solutions for fixing our broken political system and ways for the Independent voters to make their voices heard. This is not only a timely shot across the bows of both parties but an impassioned call to Independents to bring America back into balance.
She is a columnist and national political writer for The Atlantic and Politico and has written for Newsweek/The Daily Beast, Politics Daily and U.S. News & World Report.com.
She appears frequently as a political analyst on national television and radio including MSNBC’s The Dylan Ratigan Show, Now with Alex Wagner and The Cycle; The NewsHour on PBS speaking with Judy Woodruff; C-SPAN's Washington Journal and AfterWords; Current TV’s The War Room with Jennifer Granholm and The Young Turks; Hardball with Chris Matthews, and the Fox News Channel. She is also a member of CNN’s 2012 “Out Front Political Strike Team”. She has also appeared on WNYC’s The Takeaway, Sirius Radio, WHYY in Philadelphia and on National Public Radio public affairs shows in Miami, Detroit, St. Louis, Cleveland, Columbus, New Hampshire, Maine, Connecticut, San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Chicago and Boston, Minneapolis and Los Angeles.
She is a frequent speaker on national politics and public affairs and her work has also appeared in "The Washington Post", "The Los Angeles Times", "The New Republic", "The Weekly Standard", "The American Spectator", "The Christian Science Monitor", "The Boston Globe", "Redbook", "Washingtonian" and "People" magazines.
She is also the author of "The Freshmen: What Happened to the Republican Revolution?" praised by The New York Review of Books and other reviewers as a colorful, well-written and insightful analysis of what happened to the congressional Republicans of 1994. Killian explains how Gingrich and the Republicans tried but ultimately failed to change American politics. "The Freshmen" reveals the maneuvering and intrigues, the successes and failures of the historic 104th Republican Congress and is based on two years of reporting and hundreds of interviews. The book is considered the definitive work on the Class of '94 and Killian has been quoted in Time magazine, The Washington Post and Politico on this subject.
She is the creator and former director of the Boston University Washington Journalism Center and a former Boston University professor of journalism.
Killian was also the senior editor of National Public Radio's "All Things Considered" where she was responsible for the editorial content of NPR's national evening news program. Prior to that, she was a reporter at "Forbes" magazine in New York and for several major daily newspapers including "The Oregonian" and for "United Press International".
She has a master's degree in public administration from Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government.
Philip Cowley is Professor of Parliamentary Government, University of Nottingham and the author or editor of nine books and more than 80 articles and chapters, including articles in British Journal of Political Science, Political Studies, Party Politics, the British Journal of Politics and International Relations and Public Law. He runs www.revolts.co.uk, which is utilized by all major news organisations as well as widely within Westminster and Whitehall.
Scott Kelly lectures on British Politics and has worked as an adviser to the Coalition Government on training and skills policy. Prior to the 2005 he was a member of the Conservative Party Policy Unit. He received his PhD from the London School of Economics in 2000 and subsequently published his thesis under the title ‘The Myth of Mr Butskell’.
He has been published in academic journals and lectured at both British and American Universities. He is a research fellow at the Centre for Policy Studies and co-wrote ‘Towards a Gold Standard for Craft’ (CPS 2007). His most recent publication was ‘Defining Skills Need: The Role of Recognition of Technician Status.’ (Gatsby Foundation 2013). He also advises political parties in Eastern European and Africa on policy development and parliamentary support.
Meg Russell began at UCL as a Senior Research Fellow at the Constitution Unit in August 1998. She is largely responsible for the Unit's research work on parliament, and has a particular interest in bicameralism and the British House of Lords. She has also written on political party organization, candidate selection and women's representation in politics.
Meg has worked closely with policy makers throughout her career. Before joining the Unit she had worked in parliament and been National Women's Officer of the Labour Party. In 1999 she was a consultant to the Royal Commission on Reform of the House of Lords and from 2001-2003 was seconded as a full time adviser to Robin Cook in his role as Leader of the House of Commons. She has acted as an adviser to the Arbuthnott Commission on boundaries and voting systems in Scotland, the House of Lords Appointments Commission and most recently the Select Committee on Reform of the House of Commons (the "Wright Committee"). She has regularly given evidence to parliamentary committees, both in Britain and overseas.
Meg sits on the editorial board of the Political Quarterly, where she is Reports and Surveys editor.
In 2006 Meg was awarded the Political Studies Association’s Richard Rose prize for contribution by a younger scholar to the study of British politics. She was promoted to Reader in 2008.