The conference will bring together scholars from the fields of political science, economics, and law, as well as policy practitioners, to discuss how contemporary politics are shaped by the relationship between the federal and state governments, and how that relationship affects contemporary political conflicts. The primary goal of the conference is twofold. First, we aim to give scholars the opportunity to present current research related to these topics to a diverse audience of academics and policy makers alike, with the hope of encouraging those scholars to address problems perceived to be of greatest importance in contemporary policy debates. Second, we hope to facilitate cross-pollination between the academic and policy spheres more generally.
Robert Bauer is Partner at Perkins Coie. In Bob's 30 years of practice, he has provided counseling and representation on matters involving regulation of political activity before the courts and administrative agencies of national party committees, candidates, political committees, individuals, federal officeholders, corporations and trade associations, and tax exempt groups. Bob served as White House Counsel to President Obama, and returned to private practice in June 2011. In 2013, the President named Bob to be Co-Chair of the Presidential Commission on Election Administration. Bob is the author of several books: United States
Federal Election Law (1982, 1984), Soft Money Hard Law: A Guide to the New Campaign Finance Law (2002) and More Soft Money Hard Law: The Second Edition of the Guide to the New Campaign Finance Law (2004) and numerous articles. He also serves on the National Advisory Board of Journal of Law and Politics. In 2000, he received the prestigious "Burton Award for Legal Achievement "for his legal writing. Bob is also the author of the weblog, www.moresoftmoneyhardlaw.com, on which he writes about campaign finance and other topics in political law. He also teaches law at the New York University School of Law, where he is a Distinguished Scholar in Residence and Senior Lecturer. Bob was General Counsel to Obama for America, the President’s campaign organization, in 2008 and 2012, and he is General Counsel to the Democratic National Committee. Bob has also served as co-counsel to the New Hampshire State Senate in the trial of Chief Justice David A. Brock (2000); general counsel to the Bill Bradley for President Committee (1999-2000); and counsel to the Democratic Leader in the trial of President William Jefferson Clinton (1999). He has co-authored numerous bipartisan reports, including "Report of Counsel to the Senate Rules and Administration Committee in the Matter of the United States Senate Seat From Louisiana" in the 105th Congress of the United States (March 27, 1997); "Campaign Finance Reform," A Report to the Majority Leader and Minority Leader of the United States Senate (March 6, 1990); and "The Presidential Election Process in the Philippines", a bipartisan report prepared at the request of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (1986).
Professor Bednar's research is on the analysis of institutions, focusing on the theoretical underpinnings of the stability of federal states. Her most recent book, The Robust Federation demonstrates how complementary institutions maintain and adjust the distribution of authority between national and state governments. This book makes two theoretical contributions to the study of federalism's design. First, it shows that distributions suggested by a constitution mean nothing if the governments have no incentive to abide by them, and intergovernmental retaliation tends to be inefficient. The book's second contribution is that while no institutional safeguard is sufficient to improve the union's prosperity, institutions work together to improve compliance with the distribution of authority, thereby boosting the union's performance.
Generally, her work seeks to answer questions such as:
Why does the federal government take advantage of state governments?
Why are some federations stable, despite frequent episodes of intergovernmental tension?
Can the court effectively referee federalism disputes if it makes mistakes or is biased in favor of one government?
Professor Bednar is also interested in constitutions: specifically, the potential that constitutional design has to affect the behavior of heterogeneous populations with decentralized governmental structures.
Christopher R. Berry, an associate professor in the Harris School, is director of the Center for Municipal Finance and faculty director of the Master of Science Program in Computational Analysis and Public Policy. His research interests include metropolitan governance, the politics of public finance, and intergovernmental fiscal relations. Berry is the author of Imperfect Union: Representation and Taxation in Multilevel Governments (Cambridge UP, 2010), winner of the Best Book Award in Urban Politics from the American Political Science Association, and many other scholarly publications. For access to Professor Berry’s writings, please visit his research web page.
Prior to joining Chicago Harris, Berry was a post-doctoral fellow at Harvard University in the Department of Government's Program on Education Policy and Governance. He received his BA from Vassar College, Master of Regional Planning (MRP) from Cornell University, and PhD from the Department of Political Science at the University of Chicago. Professor Berry is also active in community development and was formerly a director in the MetroEdge division of ShoreBank, which was America's oldest and largest community development financial institution.
Rui de Figueiredo is an Associate Professor of Business and Political Science at the University of California at Berkeley. His areas of focus include political institutions and the non-market strategy of firms. His primary focus in these areas has been understanding both theoretically and empirically the formation of political institutions.
He received his A.B. in History from Harvard University and has an M.A. in Economics, and Ph.D. in Political Science from Stanford University.
Sanford C. Gordon is a Professor in the Department of Politics at New York University. He conducts research on the political economy of domestic governing institutions, with specific substantive applications in electoral accountability, law and public policy, interest group politics, bureaucratic and administrative politics, regulation, constitutional design, and political legitimacy.
"While governmental institutions and institutional practices had long been central to traditional political science," observes John Ferejohn, a Professor of Law and Politics at NYU, "this focus was lost in the 1950s as the disciplines embraced the newer behavioral research methods that have been developed in psychology and sociology." This loss of focus meant that political scientists shifted their attention away from the structures and practices of political and legal institutions and how they interacted. In order to rebuild the interdisciplinary interactions between Law and Political Science, it is vital to revitalize the discipline's focus on political and legal institutions, while retaining and expanding its use of the innovative methodologies of modern social science.
Ferejohn's primary areas of scholarly interest include the development of positive political theory and especially its application to the study of legal and political institutions and behavior. His current research focuses on Congress and policy making, courts within the separation of powers system, constitutional adjudication from a comparative perspective, democratic theory and law, and the philosophy of social science.
Ferejohn taught as a Professor of Social Science at The California Institute of Technology (1972-1983), before joining the Stanford Faculty as Professor of Political Science (with courtesy appointments as well in Economics and the Graduate School of Business) where he served from 1983 to 2009. He has been a regular visiting Professor at NYU Law School from 1993 to 2009, and was then appointed the Samuel Tilden Professor of Law.
He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Science and the National Academy of Sciences and is a member of the editorial boards of Social Choice and Welfare, Democratization, Supreme Court Economic Review and the Cambridge Press series Philosophy and Law and Economics and Philosophy.
Professor Roderick Hills teaches and writes in a variety of public law areas – constitutional law (with an emphasis on doctrines governing federalism), local government law, land-use regulation, jurisdiction and conflicts of law, education law. His interest in these topics springs from their common focus on the problems and promise of decentralization. The United States has one of the most decentralized systems of regulation in the world, placing enormous power over land, schools, assistance to the needy (among many other topics) under the control of subnational governments, ranging from school districts to states. How these governments interact with each other and with higher levels of government poses complex legal questions. As a matter of policy, decentralization is said to have some characteristic virtues (for instance, efficient representation of local preferences) and vices (for instance, promotion of class and race segregation). Professor Hills’ work explores our decentralized legal regime with an eye towards evaluating how well it balances these costs and benefits.
Professor Hills’ recent work has focused the politics and policy behind centralization of banking regulation (Exorcising McCulloch: The Conflict-Ridden History of American Banking Nationalism and Dodd-Frank Preemption, 161 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1235(2013)), the role of the President in suppressing states' immigration policy (Arizona v. United States: The Unitary Executive’s Enforcement Discretion as a Limit on Federalism, 2011-2012 Cato Sup. Ct. Rev. 189), and the advantages of decentralization in educational policy (The Case for Educational Federalism: Protecting Educational Policy from the National Government's Diseconomies of Scale, 87 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1941 (2012)). His articles have been published in the Michigan Law Review, Harvard Law Review, Stanford Law Review, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Supreme Court Review, Northwestern University Law Review, and The Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy.
In addition to being a scholar and teacher, Professor Hills has been a cooperating council with the American Civil Liberties Union for many years, filing briefs in cases challenging denial of domestic partnership benefits to same-sex couples (Pride at Work v. Granholm), exclusion of prison inmates from the protections of state anti-discrimination law (Mason v. Granholm), denial of rights to challenge prison guards’ visitation by family members for prison inmates (Bazzetta v. McGinnis), and discrimination of recently arrived indigent migrants in public assistance (Saenz v. Roe).
Professor Hills holds bachelor's and law degrees from Yale University, and was a Century Fellow with the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago in 1988. While attending law school, Hills was a member of the Yale Law Journal and co-editor in chief of the Yale Journal of Law & Humanities. Following law school, he served as a law clerk for the Hon. Patrick Higginbotham of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, and prior to joining the Michigan Law faculty, he practiced law in Boulder, Colorado.
12:00-1:15pm - Luncheon and Paper Presentation I
John Ferejohn and Roderick M. Hills, Jr. (New York University School of Law), “Publius’ Political Science.”
Discussant: Rui De Figueiredo (Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley)
1:15-2:15pm - Paper Presentation II
David Wildasin (Martin School of Public Policy,
University of Kentucky), “Fiscal Competition, Redistributive
Transfers, and Factor Mobility in a Dynamic Context.”
Discussant: Thomas Romer (Woodrow Wilson School of Public
and International Affairs, Princeton University)
2:15-2:30 - Short Coffee Break
2:30-3:30 - Paper Presentation III
Jenna Bednar (University of Michigan), “Federal
Fragility: the Necessity – and Value – of Secession.”
Discussant: Roderick M. Hills, Jr. (New York University School
3:30-4:00 - Long Coffee Break
Special Session: Federalism and Environmental Problems
Remarks by Joel Beauvais, Associate Administrator for the Office of Policy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Jeff Holmstead, Bracewell and Giuliani LLP, former Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Michael Livermore, University of Virginia School of Law
Ben Longstreth, Senior Attorney, Climate and Clean Air Program, National Resources Defense Council
Mario Loyola, Texas Public Policy Foundation
8:30-9:45am - Breakfast Roundtable: Federalism and National Policy-Making
Sally Katzen (New York University School of Law), Pamela McCann (Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California), and Craig Volden (Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, University of Virginia)
9:45-10:45am - Paper Presentation IV
Robert Inman (Wharton School of Business,
University of Pennsylvania), “Macro Fiscal Policy in Economic Unions”
Discussant: Christopher Berry (Harris School of Public Policy,
University of Chicago)
10:45-11:15am - Coffee Break
11:15-12:15am - Paper Presentation V.
Sanford C. Gordon and Dimitri Landa (New York University), “Fail-Safe Federalism.”
Discussant: Matthew Stephenson (Harvard Law School)
12:15-1:45pm - Lunch and Paper Presentation VI
Stephen Calabrese (Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University), “Political Economy of Centralized Redistribution and Local Government Fiscal Structure”
Discussant: Howard Rosenthal (New York University)
Robert Bauer, New York University School of Law; Perkins Coie LLP
Joel Beauvais, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Jenna Bednar, Department of Political Science, University of Michigan
Chris Berry, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago
Stephen M. Calabrese, Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University
Rui De Figueiredo, Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley
John Ferejohn, New York University School of Law
Sanford C. Gordon, Department of Politics, New York University
Roderick M. Hills, Jr., New York University School of Law
Jeff Holmstead, Bracewell and Giuliani LLP
Robert Inman, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania
Sally Katzen, New York University School of Law; Podesta Group Inc.
Dimitri Landa, Department of Politics, New York University
Michael Livermore, University of Virginia School of Law
Ben Longstreth, National Resources Defense Council
Mario Loyola, Texas Public Policy Foundation
Pamela McCann, Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California
Tom Romer, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University
Howard Rosenthal, Wilf Family Department of Politics, New York University
Daniel L. Rubinfeld, University of California, Berkeley School of Law
Matt Stephenson, Harvard University Law School
Craig Volden, Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, University of Virginia
David Wildasin, Martin School of Public Policy, University of Kentucky