January 14, 2016
Corruption in the developing world is widespread and holds back global growth. Despite the efforts that have been made in many societies, corruption is looked upon as an integral part of everyday life. As the United States and other developed nations continue to support the advancement of the developing world, it is important to consider the role international organizations and governments play in combating corruption. NYU Washington, DC hosted an expert panel which addressed the challenges and progress in fighting corruption.
Andrew Gentin is a Senior Trial Attorney with the U.S. Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Fraud Section. In this position, he investigates and prosecutes corporations and individuals for violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and related statutes. Prior to joining the Fraud Section, he was a Trial Attorney with the Criminal Division’s Office of International Affairs, where he advised prosecutors and other law enforcement personnel on international criminal law issues related to several countries, including the United Kingdom and Canada.
Before joining the Justice Department, Mr. Gentin was an associate at two Washington law firms and served as a law clerk to the Honorable John A. Terry on the District of Columbia Court of Appeals. While an associate, he represented corporate and individual clients charged with white collar offenses. He is a graduate of Amherst College and Georgetown University Law Center.
Alexandra Habershon is Program Coordinator for the World Bank’s Integrity Vice Presidency (INT). Since joining INT in 2011 she has coordinated the activities of the World Bank Group’s International Corruption Hunters Alliance (ICHA), has designed and delivered anti-corruption training programs and workshops, and coordinated special research projects. Her most recent policy and technical research has focused on whistleblower reporting mechanisms and protections, and the development of data mining methodologies to detect and deter corrupt practices in public contracting and development financing.
She is an expert on asset declaration and conflict of interest systems, and has contributed to World Bank publications and international policy dialogue on standards and best practices for financial disclosure by public officials. Prior to joining INT Alexandra delivered technical assistance on behalf of the Stolen Asset Recovery (StAR) Initiative and worked as a governance and public sector consultant for the World Bank and other donors in the areas of justice and security sector reform. She has operational experience in Latin America, Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Alexandra has a Ph.D. in Cultural Studies from Georgetown University.
Dr. Bertram Spector is Technical Director at Management Systems International and has 40 years of experience conducting and directing research, training and technical assistance programs internationally, specializing in anti-corruption and negotiation issues. Working with DFID, USAID, the World Bank and other international organizations, he has advised governmental decision makers and civil society leaders in the development and implementation of anti-corruption strategies and provided guidance on international negotiation strategies in Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, Africa, Asia and Latin America.
He has directed major research efforts in the corruption field. Among them is a pioneering study that analyzed the underlying causes, impacts and possible remedies for corruption at a sectoral level (agriculture, education, environment, energy, health, judicial sector, political parties, private sector, and public finance) in support of the USAID-wide Anti-Corruption Strategy. Based on these studies, Dr. Spector edited a book, Fighting Corruption in Developing Countries: Strategies and Analysis (Kumarian Press, 2005). He also directed the analytical development of the current USAID Corruption Assessment Methodology, and conducted corruption assessments in Kosovo, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Montenegro, Ukraine, and Mozambique, among others.
Recently, for the US Institute of Peace, he conducted an integrative research study on anti-corruption strategies in post-conflict settings, resulting in a book, Negotiating Peace and Confronting Corruption: Challenges for Post-Conflict Societies (US Institute of Peace Press, 2011). Another of his research efforts has resulted in a recent book, Detecting Corruption in Developing Countries, that addresses new ways to assess the problem of corruption in developing countries and develop effective strategies to reduce the problem (Kumarian Press 2012). He is also the principal author of USAID’s Practitioner’s Guide for Anticorruption Programming (2015). .
For the past 20 years, Dr. Spector has focused his attention on designing and implementing practical programs to fight corruption and strengthen good governance and integrity in developing countries. He has directed and managed major multi-million dollar anti-corruption technical assistance and training programs sponsored by international donors and has provided firsthand support and training directly to governmental decision makers, civil society organizations, businesses and the mass media in designing and implementing significant anti-corruption initiatives in Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, Africa, Latin America and Asia. Dr. Spector has personally conducted field work in Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, Namibia, Mozambique, Cameroon, Sierra Leone, Vietnam, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Indonesia, Afghanistan, Jamaica and Paraguay, among others.
For the past 20 years, Dr. Spector has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Negotiation: A Journal of Theory and Practice (Leiden, Brill/Nijhoff Publishers). He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from New York University.
Nick Chaubey is a second year political science student at NYU Abu Dhabi. During his time at NYUAD, Nick has completed academic coursework and experiential opportunities focused on politics and economics around the world. Nick is currently an inaugural Global Leadership Scholar at NYU DC and an intern at the International Trade Administration