Accepted medical and veterinary surgical practice requires assessment of the physiologic status of the animal on a regular basis. Vital time for resuscitation can be lost by failure to notice life threatening physiologic or metabolic problems.
The degree of monitoring sophistication depends on the species, the extent and duration of the surgical procedure, and whether it is a survival or terminal procedure. Monitoring can be qualitative, using the anesthetist's sense of touch, sight and hearing to evaluate the patient; or quantitative, using instruments for periodic measurement of specific vital organ performance.
The anesthetic record provides a detailed account of the course of anesthesia and intraoperative events. Blank record forms are available from the Office of Veterinary Resources. Whether you use one of these forms, or one of your own design, it is important to record data from the pre-operative period, the induction period, the anesthetic/surgical period and the immediate post-operative period. Later measurements may be written on the individual animal's chart.
Support of vital organ functions is an integral part of any surgical protocol. Many devices are available but they may not be practical or applicable for all species.
Required Components of a Perioperative Record:
References used for this module:
APPLYING PRINCIPLES OF ASEPTIC SURGERY TO RODENTS. T.C. Cunliffe-Beamer. AWIC Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 2, Apr-June 1993.
SPECIAL REPORT Guidelines for animal surgery in research and teaching. Brown, M.J., Pearson , P.T., and F.N. Tomson. Am J Vet Res, Vol. 54, No. 9, Sept. 1993.
THE DEA: FOLLOWING ITS "10 COMMANDMENTS", JAVMA, Vol 205, No. 10, Nov. 15, 1994