Values-in-Design Council Bios

Yochai Benkler, Harvard Law School

Yochai Benkler is the Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard, and faculty co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Since the 1990s he has played a part in characterizing the role of information commons and decentralized collaboration to innovation, information production, and freedom in the networked economy and society. His books include The Wealth of Networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom (Yale University Press 2006), which won academic awards in political science, sociology, and communications policy. His work is socially engaged, winning him the Electronic Frontier Foundation's Pioneer Award for 2007 and Public Knowledge's IP3 Award in 2006, but was also cited as "perhaps the best work yet about the fast moving, enthusiast-driven Internet" by the Financial Times and was named best business book about the future in 2006 by Strategy and Business. His work can be freely accessed at

Research Interests: The effect of design and behavioral science on human cooperation; the distribution of power and freedom in society

Geoffrey Bowker, School of Information Science, University of Pittsburgh

Geoffrey Bowker is a Professor and Senior Scholar in Cyberscholarship at the University of Pittsburgh's School of Information Science. His research deals with the fields of classification and standardization: in particular asking how these play into the development of scientific cyberinfrastructure. This work addresses shifting classification systems in medicine, distributed collaborative work practices in environmental science, data sharing practices and biodiversity informatics. His central analytic question is how scientists in the various sciences contributing to the subject of biodiversity communicate both with each other and with policymakers - and in particular how do the data structures and practices in use affect this communication. Professor Bowker is currently starting a digital humanities project on new forms of knowledge expression.

Research Interests: Memory and databases, scientific cyberinfrastructure, digital humanities, and information policy

Finn Brunton, School of Information, University of Michigan.

Finn Brunton is an Assistant Professor of Information in the School of Information at the University of Michigan. His *The Spew: A History of Spam* is forthcoming from Duke University Press.

Research Interests: Adaptation, privacy, hacking, unintended consequences of design decisions

Paul Dourish, Department of Information and Computer Science, UC Irvine

Paul Dourish is Professor of Informatics in the Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences at the University of California, Irvine, with courtesy appointments in Computer Science and in Anthropology. In addition, he directs Irvine's interdisciplinary graduate program in Critical Practices in Art, Science, and Technology. He has held permanent or visiting research positions at Xerox, Apple, and Intel. His research lies at the intersection of computer science and social science, with a particular interest in ubiquitous and mobile computing and the practices surrounding new media. He is the author of "Where the Action Is: The Foundation of Embodied Interaction" (MIT Press, 2001) and, with Genevieve Bell, "Divining a Digital Future: Mess and Mythology in Ubiquitous Computing" (MIT Press, 2011).

Research Interests: Human-computer interaction, mobile and ubiquitous computing, digital media, information modeling and representation, cultural practices of new media, design processes

Batya Friedman, The Information School, University of Washington

Batya Friedman is a Professor in the Information School and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington where she directs the Value Sensitive Design Research Lab. Friedman and her colleagues pioneered Value Sensitive Design (VSD), an approach to account for human values in the design of information systems. First developed in human-computer interaction, VSD has since been used in information management, human-robotic interaction, computer security, and land use and transportation. Her work has focused on the values of privacy in public, trust, freedom from bias, moral agency, environmental sustainability, safety, calmness, and human dignity; and engaged such technologies as web browsers, urban simulation, robotics, open source tools, mobile computing, implantable medical devices, and ubiquitous computing. She is currently working on a method for envisioning and multi-lifespan information system design - new ideas for leveraging information systems to shape our future.

Research Interests Design methods for addressing value issues; inclusivity; accidental data permanence; privacy; safety; public discourse

Alexander Galloway, Department of Media, Culture & Communication, NYU

Alexander R. Galloway is an author and programmer. He is a founding member of the software collective RSG and creator of the Carnivore and Kriegspiel projects. The New York Times has described his practice as "conceptually sharp, visually compelling and completely attuned to the political moment." Galloway is the author of Protocol: How Control Exists After Decentralization (MIT, 2004), Gaming: Essays on Algorithmic Culture (Minnesota, 2006), and most recently The Exploit: A Theory of Networks (Minnesota, 2007), cowritten with Eugene Thacker. He teaches at New York University.

Research Interests: Openness, social justice, and political economy of information

Tarleton Gillespie, Department of Communication, Cornell University

Tarleton Gillespie is an Assistant Professor in the Communication Department of Cornell University, with affiliations in the Department of Information Science and the Department of Science and Technology Studies. For the past three years he has also been a non-residential fellow with the Center for Internet and Society at the Stanford University School of Law. His expertise includes the impact of new media on contemporary society, the cultural ramifications of information policy, and the social implications of computing technologies. His first book, Wired Shut: Copyright and the Shape of Digital Culture (MIT Press, 2007) addressed the "legal turn to technology" around digital copyright, as well as the political, economic, legal, and cultural arrangements it demands. His current research on the "politics of platforms" examines how content sharing platforms, mobile app providers, and social networking sites set and enforce norms and policies that shape the contours of online public discourse.

Research Interests: Presumptions about public discourse, creative expression, and political agency in emerging information technologies

James Grimmelmann, New York Law School

James Grimmelmann is Associate Professor at New York Law School and a member of its Institute for Information Law and Policy. He holds a J.D. from Yale Law School and an A.B. in computer science from Harvard College. He has worked as a computer programmer, as a fellow of the Information Society Project at Yale Law School, and as a law clerk to the Honorable Maryanne Trump Barry of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. He studies how the law governing the creation and use of computer software affects individual freedom and the distribution of wealth and power in society. As a lawyer and technologist, he aims to help these two groups speak intelligibly to each other. He writes about intellectual property, virtual worlds, search engines, online privacy, and other topics in computer and Internet law.

Research Interests: Software and law, privacy, governance, copyright

Chris Hoofnagle, Center for Law & Technology, UC Berkeley

Chris Jay Hoofnagle is director of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology's information privacy programs and senior fellow to the Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic. He is an expert in information privacy law. Hoofnagle's recent work focuses on promoting competition among financial institutions to prevent identity theft. In Identity Theft: Making the Unknown Knowns Known, he discusses the problem of "synthetic identity theft," a form of crime where an impostor fabricates personal information and yet still can obtain credit accounts. Hoofnagle argues that the rise of this form of fraud demonstrates a fundamental failure in banks' anti-fraud gatekeeper function, and proposes market reforms for reducing identity theft.

Research Interests: Privacy, FOIA, data protection, regulation

Deborah Johnson, Department of Science, Technology & Society, University of Virginia

Deborah G. Johnson is the Anne Shirley Carter Olsson Professor of Applied Ethics in the Department of Science, Technology, and Society in the School of Engineering and Applied Science of the University of Virginia. Trained in philosophy, her research interests include information technology, ethics, and policy; engineering ethics; STS; and values and policy. Professor Johnson is the author/editor of more than six books including: Computer Ethics (with Keith Miller, Prentice Hall, fourth edition, 2009); Technology and Society: Building Our Sociotechnical Future (co-edited with J. Wetmore, MIT Press, 2009); Women, Gender and Technology (co-edited with M. F. Fox and S. Rosser, University of Illinois Press, 2006); Computers, Ethics, and Social Values (co-edited with Helen Nissenbaum, Prentice Hall, 1995); and Ethical Issues in Engineering (Prentice Hall, 1991). She co-edits Ethics and Information Technology published by Kluwer and just completed her second term on the Executive Board of the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics.

Research Interests: Information technology, ethics, and policy; engineering ethics; STS; and values and policy

Deirdre Mulligan, School of Information, UC Berkeley

Deirdre K. Mulligan comes to the I School from the UC Berkeley School of Law (Boalt Hall), where she was a clinical professor of law and the director of the Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic. She served previously as staff counsel at the Center for Democracy & Technology in Washington. Professor Mulligan's current research agenda focuses on information privacy and security. Current projects include qualitative interviews to understand the institutionalization and management of privacy within corporate America, and role of law in corporate information security policy and practice. Other areas of current research include digital rights management technology and privacy and security issues in sensor networks and visual surveillance systems, and alternative legal strategies to advance network security.

Research Interests: Information privacy and security, DRM, surveillance

Helen Nissenbaum (PI), Department of Media, Culture & Communication, NYU

Helen Nissenbaum is Professor of Media, Culture and Communication, and Computer Science, at New York University, where she is also Senior Faculty Fellow of the Information Law Institute. Her areas of expertise span social, ethical, and political implications of information technology and digital media. Nissenbaum's research publications have appeared in journals of philosophy, politics, law, media studies, information studies, and computer science. She has written and edited four books, including Privacy in Context: Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life, which was published in 2010 by Stanford University Press. The National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Ford Foundation, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the National Coordinator have supported her work on privacy, trust online, and security, as well as several studies of values embodied in computer system design, including search engines, digital games, facial recognition technology, and health information systems.

Research Interests: Privacy, security, autonomy, and values implementation in design

Paul Ohm, University of Colorado Law School, University of Colorado at Boulder

Paul Ohm is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Colorado Law School. He writes in the areas of information privacy, computer crime law, intellectual property, and criminal procedure. Through his scholarship and outreach, Professor Ohm is leading efforts to build new interdisciplinary bridges between law and computer science. Before joining the University of Colorado, in 2006, Professor Ohm worked for the U.S. Department of Justice's Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section as an Honors Program trial attorney. Professor Ohm holds, in addition to a law degree from UCLA, degrees in computer science and electrical engineering, and he worked for several years as a computer programmer and network systems administrator.

Research Interests: Information privacy, computer crime law, intellectual property, and cyberlaw

Phoebe Sengers, Department of Information Science and S&TS, Cornell University

Phoebe Sengers is an associate professor in Information Science and Science & Technology Studies at Cornell University. Her primary research area is critically-informed Human-Computer Interaction, blending technology design with analysis of cultural issues in technology, especially related to the history of consumer culture. Her primary research contributions have been in the areas of affective computing, sustainable HCI, and critically reflective HCI. A major component of her current work is a long-term design-ethnographic and historical study of sociotechnological change in a small, traditional fishing community in Newfoundland. She graduated in 1998 from Carnegie Mellon with a self-defined interdisciplinary PhD in Artificial Intelligence and critical theory.

Research Interests: Consumer culture, economic class, sustainability, quality of life

Michael Zimmer, School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

Michael Zimmer, PhD, is an assistant professor in the School of Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and an associate at the Center for Information Policy Research. With a background in new media and Internet studies, the philosophy of technology, and information policy, Zimmer studies the ethical dimensions of new media and information technologies, with particular interest in privacy, social media, information ethics, access to knowledge, and value-conscious design.

Research Interests: Privacy, surveillance, information ethics, social media

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Last Updated: November 5, 2010