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Physical Activity

Physical activity patterns during college are important influences on habitual physical activity during the full span of the adult life and, consequently, have significant implications for short- and long- term health outcomes.12 Despite the importance of physical activity on overall health, less than half of all NYU students engage in sufficient physical activity to meet the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.1 Research indicates that during the transition to college, exercise22 and fitness levels23 usually decrease and are unlikely to improve as students get older.24 Universities are uniquely positioned to implement a comprehensive strategy for increasing physical activity by addressing individual-level factors – such as time, motivation, or skill – and determinants beyond an individual’s control – such as social, economic, environmental factors.


Key Facts

  • 24.3% of NYU students are overweight, of which 6.0% are obese.1
  • Physical inactivity is a primary contributor to one-third of the adult population’s being
    overweight or obese.26
  • The incidence of obesity in the U.S. college-aged population has increased from 12% in 1991 to 36% in 2004.21
  • Only 45% of adults get the recommended 30 minutes of physical activity on 5 or more days per week, and adolescents are similarly inactive.9
  • 81 to 85% of adults continue the same physical activity patterns that they establish during their senior year of college.12
  • An estimated 40 to 45% of college students engage in fitness activities regularly (≥3 days/week).30,31
  • Non-exercising adults are more likely to be absent from work for more than 7 days when
    compared to those exercising at least once per week.16
  • Students with a GPA of 3.5 or higher are three times more likely to exercise than those with lower grades.25

Suggestions for Student Leaders

This page is intended to be a resource containing suggestions for what you can do to increase NYU students’ participation in physical activity and exercise.

Plan a health and wellness event that encourages peers and members of your organization to exercise. Events centered on physical activity can be a great way to motivate your peers to get excited about health-related activities and fitness.33,34 On a smaller-scale, incorporate games, activities, or icebreakers which require movement into events and meetings.

o Field Day – Students in New York have so many resources to take advantage of, such as NYC’s beautiful parks! Reserve a park space for a large group (not necessary for small groups) and ask your club members to bring jump ropes, hula hoops, kickballs, bubbles, rope for tug-o-war, and any other item that reminds them of their elementary school’s field day! End the day with a healthy picnic.

o Fitness Classes – Shape Up NYC offers free fitness classes every week at dozens of locations across the five boroughs. Shape Up NYC classes are taught by expert fitness instructors who know how to make fitness fun. Class offerings are varied and include aerobics, yoga, pilates and zumba. Get a group of friends or club members together to try out a new class a few times a month.

o Organize a walking tour of an NYC neighborhood or park, or sign your group up for the “Explore New York, Explore the World” program.

o Arrange a rock climbing event with students. Visit the Palladium Athletic Facility page more information about the rock wall.

Volunteer! Many volunteer opportunities require physical activity. Bringing your peers to a park clean-up or pre-school will guarantee some healthy moving. Visit the Civic Engagement page or NYU Service for weekly volunteer opportunities.

Enter your organization or group of friends to walk, race or dance for a cause.

Examples:

o Relay for Life NYU – Participate as part of a team or on your own at Relay for Life at NYU. Even if you cannot donate much money, walk around the track and visit the various booths to support the American Cancer Society – and get some exercise!

o Host a Dance-a-thon – Autism Speaks outlines how to host your very own dance-a-thon. Collaborate with another organization to make this event a campus-wide success, or search online for upcoming Dance-a-thons in your area.

o TD Five Boro Bike Tour – Although most students are not trained to bike 40 miles, your organization can support this event by attending or training for your own club’s mini-five boro tour!

Start a health and fitness mini-club within your organization to encourage regular exercise with friends.   It’s much easier to exercise when you have friends to go with.

o AEPhit Club: Alpha Epsilon Phi created AEPhit Club last year to encourage members to exercise on a regular basis. Each week, a member of the club suggests a walk, run, fitness class, or boot camp she is interested in trying out. Once the week’s event is chosen, the leader plans a time and place to meet. This is a very casual way to incorporate fitness into your organization in a low-key but weekly way.

      o Join a class together at Coles or Palladium.

Host an information session about NYU’s Bike Share program to encourage student participation (and sign up yourself!!). The NYU Bike Share Program provides free short-term bicycle rentals to NYU students, faculty, and staff who attend a Bike Share safety training workshop and enroll in the program. You can check out a lightweight Biria cruiser bikes from one of several convenient locations on campus, and drop the bike off at any other open location the same day. It’s a great way to explore NYC with your group, while also getting exercise!

Promote NYU’s athletic facilities to students and provide information about their hours and services. Visit the Coles Sports Center and Palladium Athletic Facility pages for more information.

 


physical activity indicators


a) Met 2007 ACSM/AHA Recommendations for Aerobic Exercises

  • Data Source: ACHA #29A & 29B
  • Survey Questions: On how many of the past 7 days did you: Do moderate intensity cardio or aerobic exercise for at least 30 minutes? & On how many of the past 7 days did you: Do vigorous intensity cardio or aerobic exercise for at least 20 minutes?
  • Definition: proportion of students who engage in moderate-intensity cardio or aerobic exercise for at least 30 minutes on 5 or more days per week, or vigorous-intensity cardio or aerobic exercise for at least 20 minutes on 3 or more days per week. [Physical Activity and Public Health: Updated Recommendations for Adults. From the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association (2007)]

b) Engaged in muscle strengthening activities at least 2 days per week

  • Data Source: ACHA 29C
  • Survey Question: On how many of the past 7 days did you: Do 8-10 strength training exercises for 8-12 repetitions each?
  • Definition: proportion of students who engage in strength training exercises 2 or more times per weekc

c) Physical activity at light or greater intensity at least 3 days per week

  • Data Source: ACHA Custom Question
  • Survey Question: In a typical week, how often did you participate in any physical activity or exercise? Examples of physical activity might include: walking 20+ blocks, gardening, dancing, biking, interactive gaming exercise (i.e. wii fit), or yoga.
  • Definition: proportion of students who participate in physical activity 3 or more days per week

  1. American College Health Association. (2011). American College Health Association - National College Health Assessment II: New York University Executive Summary Spring 2011. Hanover, MD: Author.
  2. National Prevention Council. (2011). National prevention strategy: America’s plan for better health and wellness. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of the Surgeon General.
  3. Stewart, J. A., Dennison, D. A., Kohl, H. W., & Doyle, J. A. (2004). Exercise level and energy expenditure in the TAKE 10! in-class physical activity program. Journal of School Health, 74(10), 397-400. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2004.tb06605.x
  4. Kahn, E. B., Ramsey, L. T., Brownson, R. C., Heath, G. W., Howze, E. H., Powell, K. E., ... Corso, P. (2002). The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22(4), 73-107. doi: 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00434-8
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  10. Gilbert, J., Shirkey, J., Beason, K., Baller, S., & Rockey, D. (n.d.). The impact of campus recreation facilities and programs on undergraduate student recruitment and satisfaction at the University of Mississippi. MSAHPERD E-journal. Retrieved from http://www.msahperd.com/ejournal/campusrecfac.html
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  16. Proper, K., & Van Mechelen, W. (2008). Effectiveness and economic impact of worksite interventions to promote physical activity and healthy diet. New York, NY: World Health Organization.
  17. Coon, J. T., Boddy, K., Stein, K., Whear, R., Barton, J., & Depledge, M. H. (2011). Does participating in physical activity in outdoor natural environments have a greater effect on physical and mental wellbeing than physical activity indoors? A systematic review. doi: 10.1021/es102947t
  18. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). Physical activity evaluation handbook. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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  22. Racette, S. B., Deusinger, S. S., Strube, M. J., Highstein, G. R., & Deusinger, R. H. (2005). Weight changes, exercise, and dietary patterns during freshman and sophomore years of college. Journal of American College Health, 53(6), 245-251. doi: 10.3200/JACH.53.6.245-251
  23. Butler, S. M., Black, D. R., Blue, C. L., & Gretebeck, R. J. (2004). Change in diet, physical activity, and body weight in female college freshman. American Journal of Health Behavior, 28(1), 24-32.
  24. Driskell, J., Kim, Y., & Goebel, K. (2005). Few differences found in the typical eating and physical activity habits of lower-level and upper-level university students. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(5), 798-801. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2005.02.004
  25. Flynn, J. I., Piazza, A. K., & Ode, J. J. (2009). The association between study time, grade point average and physical activity participation in college students. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (Supplement 1), 41, 297. doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000355455.64403.18
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