January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

 

 

January

3

"New Hunger Strike is Threatened"
Irish Echo, 1


AIA Dig. ID 0037PL03

10

"H-Blocks Concessions DELAY"
Irish People, 1

17

"Mobilise Again!"
Irish People, 1

31

"Hunger Strike...AGAIN?"
Irish People, 2

February

5

Disappointed with the British government's failure to follow through with the concessions promised the previous December, IRA prisoners, led by Officer Commanding Bobby Sands, announce they will begin a new hunger strike March 1. This time, prisoners will go on strike one at a time, instead of all at once.

14

"Hunger Strike Resumes March 1"
Irish People, 1

21

"H-Block Men Resist Attempts to Demoralize and Degrade Them"
Irish People, 2

28

"Hunger Strike to Resume This Sunday"
Irish People, 1

 

"State Department Report Mentions H-Block"
Irish Echo, 1

 

"Easter Confrontation Seen Likely"
Irish Echo, 2

March

1

Beginning of hunger strike with IRA and INLA volunteers; Bobby Sands first to begin fast.

2

The U.S. State Department announces $25 million in military aid and $225 million in economic aid for El Salvador.

3

"IRA inmate starts 'fast until death' in Belfast"
Chicago Tribune, 1-2-1-P

7

"New Hunger Strike Begins"
Irish Echo, 9

 

"1st Hunger Striker Named: Bobby Sands"
Irish People, 1

14

"Hunger Striker Bobby Sands is a Determined Man"
Irish Echo, 2

 

Frances Hughes joins hunger strike.

21

"Second Striker Named: Frankie Hughes"
Irish People, 1

22

U.S. secretary of state Alexander Haig states that the main objective of U.S. foreign policy is to contain Soviet expansion.

 

Raymond McCreesh and INLA member Patsy O'Hara join hunger strike.

28

"IRA Hunger Striker Bobby Sands Hospitalized"
Irish Echo, 1

 

"Two Join Hunger Strike"
Irish People, 1

30

John Hinckley attempts to assassinate U.S. president Ronald Reagan; he wounds the president and press secretary James Brady.

April

4

"Hunger Striker to Fight Election"
Irish Echo, 1

 

"Bobby Sands for British MP"
Irish People, 1

11

Bobby Sands wins a British by-election for the Northern Ireland constituency of Fermanagh and South Tyrone.

 

"He Got the News in Prison — IRA Leader Elected to Parliament"
San Francisco Chronicle, 9-1

 

"By-Election in North this Thursday"
Irish Echo, 1

14

U.S. president Ronald Reagan lifts the embargo on grain sales to the USSR imposed by President Jimmy Carter in 1979.

 

"Thatcher and the IRA winner"
Boston Globe, 12

16

"Sands Wins Commons Seat"
Irish Echo, 1

18

"Robert Sands, MP"
Irish People, 1

19

"IRA hunger-striker gets last rites in Ulster prison"
Chicago Tribune, 3-6-2

21

"Bobby Sands hero in Ulster"
Boston Globe, 4

25

"Irish Deputies Ask Reagan to Mediate Hunger Strike"
Irish Echo, 1

 

"Tension Mounts; two die in Derry; Sands is weaker"
Irish Echo, 1

28

The private secretary of Pope John Paul II paid a visit to Bobby Sands in the Maze Prison but was unable to persuade him to end his hunger strike. In the U.S. Ronald Reagan said that America would not intervene in the situation in Northern Ireland but he was "deeply concerned" at events there.

May

1

"Sands may soon be beyond help"
Boston Globe, 9

 

"Sands' Mother: 'He is prepared for the end'"
Washington Post, 1

 

"Sands' life ebbing away; Thatcher refuses any concession"
Irish Echo, 1

2

"Sands Near Death"
Irish Echo, 1

 

"Sands rejects appeal to end 62-day fast; supporters believe death is imminent"
Washington Post, A13

 

"Bobby Sands: IRA Volunteer, H-Block Hunger Striker, Westminster MP"
Irish People, 1

 

"Twenty in Congress Urge Action on Hunger Strike"
Irish Echo, 3

 

"Mass. House Resolution Backs Bobby Sands"
Irish Echo, 3

4

"Sands, in coma, rubs Ulster's sectarian tensions raw"
Washington Post, 1

5

"Bobby Sands Dies"
Daily News, 3

 

"IRA's Sands Dies in Jail—New Warfare Feared"
San Francisco Chronicle, 1

 

"Sands Dies in Northern Ireland Jail on 66th Day of Hunger Strike"
New York Times, 1:1

 

"Jailed IRA militant dies in 66th day of hunger strike"
Washington Post, 1

 

"Symbol of a nation divided: Bobby Sands: One Man's Hero, another's terrorist"
Daily News, 4

 

"Bobby Sands dies on 66th day of fast"
Boston Globe, 1

6

"US Dockworkers boycott British shipping"
Boston Globe, 14

 

"Ulster prepares for Sands' IRA funeral: hard-line Protestants set rival service"
Washington Post, 1

 

"Americans mark Sands' death with vigils, boycott"
Washington Post, A36

 

The United States expels all Libyan diplomats after allegations that Libya is actively supporting international terrorism.

8

"Catholics give Sands hero's burial"
Boston Globe, 1

9

"Sands Dead—His Ordeal is Over; Hughes also Near Death in H-Blocks"
Irish Echo, 1

 

IRA member Joe McDonnell joins hunger strike to replace Bobby Sands.

10

François Mitterrand becomes the first Socialist president of France.

12

Francis Hughes dies.

13

A Turkish gunman, Mehmet Ali Agca, seriously wounds Pope John Paul II in an assassination attempt in St. Peter's Square, Rome.

 

"A 2d IRA man dies of hunger"
Boston Globe, 1

 

"2nd Hunger Striker Dies in Belfast Jail"
New York Times, 1:1

14

IRA member Brendan MacLaughlin joins hunger strike to replace Francis Hughes.

16

"New York: 10,000 Mourn"
Irish People, 1

 

"Hughes Murdered"
Irish People, 1

 

"Second Hunger Striker Francis Hughes Dead"
Irish Echo, 1

21

Raymond McCreesh and Patsy O'Hara die.

 

"Third I.R.A. Hunger Striker Dies in Prison Near Belfast"
New York Times, 11:1

 

"3d hunger striker dies"
Boston Globe, 1

22

IRA member Kieran Doherty joins hunger strike to replace Raymond McCreesh.

 

"A Fourth Hunger Striker Dies in Ulster"
New York Times, 3:1

 

"4th hunger striker dies in N. Ireland"
Boston Globe, 1

23

INLA member Kevin Lynch joins hunger strike to replace Patsy O'Hara.

26

Brendan MacLaughlin gives up his hunger strike due to a perforated ulcer and internal bleeding.

29

IRA member Martin Hurson joins the hunger strike to replace Brendan MacLaughlin.

 

The names of four prisoners on hunger strike together with five other Republican prisoners, are put forward as candidates in the forthcoming general election in the Republic of Ireland.

30

"Violence Sweeps Northern Ireland as McCreesh, O'Hara Die"
Irish Echo, 1

 

"Two are Buried as Two More Join H-Block Hunger Strike"
Irish People, 1

June

6

"North: An Endless Cycle of Violence"
Irish Echo, 1

 

"Britain's No-Bend Policy Leads to More Deaths"
Irish Echo, 2

 

A train is swept off a bridge into the Bagmati River in India and more than 800 people are killed in the world's worst train wreck.

8

IRA member Thomas McElwee joins hunger strike.

9

"Another Ulster Hunger Striker"
San Francisco Chronicle, 16-1

12

IRA member Patrick Agnew and hunger striker Kieran Doherty win seats in the Irish Dail (Parliament).

13

"Ulster Hunger Striker Wins Seat in Ireland"
Washington Post, A17

15

IRA member Paddy Quinn joins hunger strike.

22

In the United States' largest ever naturalization ceremony in Los Angeles, California, 9,700 immigrants become citizens.

 

Michael Devine joins hunger strike.

23

"Irish Faster's Condition Serious"
San Francisco Chronicle, 13-1

 

"Seventh Inmate joins Irish Protest"
Washington Post, A8

27

"Irish Americans Protest Prince Charles Visit"
Irish Echo, 4

 

"Widespread Electoral Support for the Prisoners"
Irish People, 9

29

IRA member Laurence McKeown joins hunger strike.

30

"New Hunger Striker"
San Francisco Chronicle, 14-1

July

3

"Britain to Create Advisor Assembly As Step Toward Solution in Ulster"
Washington Post, 26

4

"British Cancel Trip by Princess to U.S."
Irish Echo, 1

5

"Irish hunger strikers act to compromise with Britain"
Chicago Tribune, 1-4-5

 

"Break Seen in Ulster Jail Crisis"
Washington Post, 1

6

"Catholic delegation fails to end IRA prison fasts"
Chicago Tribune, 1-5-1

8

Joe McDonnell dies.

 

"5th Hunger Striker Dies, Riots Erupt"
San Francisco Chronicle, 18-1-P

 

"An I.R.A. Prisoner Dies in Belfast On the 61st Day of Hunger Strike"
New York Times, 4:3

 

"Fasting IRA man dies in the Maze"
Boston Globe, 24

 

"Fifth IRA Hunger Striker Dies Before Settlement Reached"
Washington Post, A19

 

"Ulster Erupts After 5th death"
Chicago Tribune, 1-5-1

 

"Riots Follow IRA Faster's Prison Death"
Washington Post, 9 July 1981, 1

9

IRA member Pat McGeown joins the hunger strike to replace Joe McDonnell.

10

"IRA Strike Supporters Say Protest to Continue"
Washington Post, A24

11

"Hunger Strike Endangers Ties, Irish Tell British"
Washington Post, 1

 

"Despite British Propaganda McDonnell Near Death"
Irish People, 1

13

Martin Hurson dies.

 

"New Rioting: 6th Hunger Striker Dies in Ulster"
San Francisco Chronicle, 12-5

 

"6th faster dies in IRA campaign for jail reform"
Chicago Tribune, 1-1-3

 

"6th IRA Hunger Striker Dies, bomb factory is discovered"
Boston Globe, 4

 

"Sixth I.R.A. Hunger Striker Dies"
New York Times, 2:3

 

"Sixth Hunger Striker Dies in Belfast's Maze Prison"
Washington Post, 1

14

"Scattered Violence Follows Hunger-Striker's Death; 100,000 Protestants March to Mark Anniversary"
Washington Post, A10

 

Matt Devlin joins the hunger strike to replace Martin Hurson.

16

"Red Cross Enters Ulster Jail Crisis"
Washington Post, 1

17

"IRA Fasters Reject Red Cross"
San Francisco Chronicle, 15-1

18

"Talks End as two hunger Strikers Die"
Irish Echo, 1

19

"Dublin march in support of hunger strikers ends in riot; scores are injured"
San Francisco Chronicle, A-18

20

"A Standoff in Belfast — IRA Striker Near Death"
San Francisco Chronicle, 12-2

 

"British reject hunger strikers — bid to negotiate"
Chicago Tribune, 1-10-2

25

"Hunger Strikers Seek British Talks"
Irish Echo, 1

29

Charles, Prince of Wales, marries Lady Diana Spencer in St. Paul's Cathedral in London, England. Television coverage attracts 39 million people.

31

Family of Paddy Quinn requests medical treatment, taking him off hunger strike.

 

"Jailed Ulster Hunger Striker in Coma on 69th Day of Fast"
Washington Post, A14

August

1

The MTV channel is launched.


AIA Dig. ID 0012PL02

 

Kevin Lynch dies.

 

"7th Hunger Striker Dies in Belfast Prison"
  San Francisco Chronicle, 14-1

 

"7th prisoner dies in Ulster"
Chicago Tribune, N1-1-1-P

 

"Seventh Ulster Hunger Striker Dies Hours After
 Another Gets Treatment"
 New York Times, 3:4

 

"No Solution in Prison Impasse; Two Near  Death"
 Irish Echo, 1

 

"Seventh Hunger Striker Dies, Family of Another Asks for Help"
Washington Post, A18

2

Kieran Doherty dies.

 

"Ulster Striker in Coma; Latest Death Protested"
Washington Post, A18

3

Liam McCloskey joins the hunger strike to replace Kevin Lynch

 

"Another Hunger Striker Dies — New Riots"
San Francisco Chronicle, 1-5

 

"Hunger death spurs riot"
Chicago Tribune, 1-1-2

 

"Eighth Hunger Striker, an Irish M.P., Dies After a 73-Day Fast in Ulster"
New York Times, 4:3

 

"Eighth Ulster Hunger Striker Dies, Explosion Kills Two Policemen"
Washington Post, 1

8

Thomas McElwee dies.

 

"Doherty Lynch Die"
Irish People, 1

 

"2 Hunger Strikers die; jail impasse continues"
Irish Echo, 1

9

U.S. president Ronald Reagan announces his administration's decision to proceed with the manufacture of the so-called "neutron" bomb.

 

"Death of 9th IRA Faster Sparks Riots"
San Francisco Chronicle, A-17-1

 

"9th hunger death spurs riots"
Chicago Tribune, 1-2-4

 

"A Ninth Hunger Striker Dies in Ulster"
New York Times, 3:4

 

"Ninth Ulster Hunger Striker Dies as Hopes for a Settlement Fade"
Washington Post, A25

10

IRA member Patrick Sheehan joins hunger strike.

12

IBM launches its personal computer, using the Microsoft disc-operating system (MS-DOS).

13

East Germany officially celebrates the 20th anniversary of the construction of the Berlin Wall.

17

IRA member Jackie McMullan joins the hunger strike.

 

"Irish Premier Assails Britain on Ulster"
Washington Post, A21

20

Michael Devine dies.

 

Family of Pat McGeown agrees to medical intervention, taking him off hunger strike.

21

"IRA Striker's Family Is Trying to Save Him"
San Francisco Chronicle, 15-1-P

 

"A 10th Hunger Striker Dies in Ulster"
New York Times, 3:4

 

"Tenth Irish Hunger Striker Dies as Ulster Voting Begins"
Washington Post, A24

24

IRA member Bernard Fox joins hunger strike.

29

Owen Carron, Sands' campaign manager, wins election to fill seat left vacant by Sands' death.

 

"Michael Devine: Tenth Hunger Striker Dies"
Irish People, 1

30

A bomb in Tehran kills the Iranian president Muhammad Ali Rajai and the prime minister Mohammed Javed Bahonar.

 

"IRA lines up to fast as Britain stands firm"
Chicago Tribune, 1-10-1-P

31

IRA member Hugh Carville joins hunger strike.

September

4

Family of Matt Devlin agrees to medical treatment, taking him off hunger strike.

 

"IRA Hunger Striker Family Requests Medical Treatment"
Washington Post, A24

6

Family of Laurence McKeown agrees to medical treatment, taking him off hunger strike.

7

IRA member John Pickering joins hunger strike.

8

"Hunger Strike Pits IRA Against Thatcher in Test of Wills"
Washington Post, 1

 

"Hunger Strike Seen as Crucial Battle in Long Struggle"
Washington Post, A16

12

"Increase in Funds for the IRA"
Washington Post, A27

14

IRA member Gerard Hodgkins joins the hunger strike.

19

"The Hunger Strike...Nearing the End?"
Irish Echo, 2

21

IRA member James Devine joins hunger strike.

24

Bernard Fox ends his hunger strike after thirty-two days because of medical complications.

25

"Irish Hunger Striker Gives Up After 32 Days"
San Francisco Chronicle, 20-4

 

"6th hunger striker quits fast during illness"
Chicago Tribune, 2-2-2

26

Liam McCloskey voluntarily ends his hunger strike after fifty-five days after pleas from his family.

27

"7th imprisoned terrorist abandons fast in Ulster"
Chicago Tribune, 3-8-1

 

"Seventh Ulster Prisoner Ends Hunger Strike"
Washington Post, A33

30

The French National Assembly abolishes the death penalty, and thus the use of the guillotine.

October

3

IRA prisoners officially end their hunger strike, citing that pressure from the Catholic Church on their families has made their protest ineffective. However, they claim a victory for their efforts.

4

The grave of Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswold is dug up to dispel rumors that another man was buried in his place.

 

"Prisoners End Fasting in Belfast"
Washington Post, 1

6

Northern Ireland Secretary James Prior announces a number of changes in prison policy, including one of the prisoners' five demands-allowing prisoners to wear their civilian clothes at all times. Prior also announces other changes: free association with neighboring wings of each H-Block, exercise area, and recreation rooms; an increase in the number of visits each prisoner is allowed; and up to 50% of lost remission would be restored. The issue of prison work is not resolved at this stage, but there are indications that it too would be addressed in the near future.

 

"Prison Reforms slated for Ulster"
Chicago Tribune, C1-8-2

 

"British Cabinet Approves Prison Reform for Northern Ireland"
Washington Post, A30

7

"Britain Softens Rules Affecting Ulster Prisoners"
Washington Post, 1

 

"Britain Alters Prison Rules Along Lines Sought by IRA
Washington Post, A11

10

"Hunger Strike Ends"
Irish People, 1

 

"Hunger Strike Ends"
Irish Echo, 1

 

   
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