Music History I  (History of Western Music, 900-1900)
E85.1067, Section 2, Fall 2002
Prof. Kent Underwood
 

Listening List Part 1.
Medieval Era
(10th through 14th Century)

 

Click on the link after "Recording" to listen to the audio selection.

The scores are on reserve in Bobst Library at the Avery Fisher Center service desk, as are the complete CDs from which these audio selections are taken.
 

1a.    10th through 12th Century

Anonymous.
Viderunt omnes ("The whole world has seen") 
Language:  Latin
Date: probably 900s (before 1000)
Glossary terms.  Plainchant; Gregorian chant; Monophony; Responsorial singing; Ternary form
Score: M23.B41 1995 vol. 2 (pp. 58-63)
Recording: XCD 4094, v. 2 (disc 6, track 8)   4'56
Score: M2151 .L4 1963 (p. 409)
Recording: XCD 9876 (track 18) 4'00
 

Anonymous.
Salve Regina ("Hail Queen")
Language: Latin
Date: 1100s
Glossary terms: Plainchant; Gregorian chant; Monophony; Responsorial singing
Score: M2151.L4 1963 (p. 276)
Recording:  XCD 15160 (track 22)  2'50
 

Anonymous.
Kyrie eleison ("Lord have mercy")
Language:  Greek
Date:  Plainchant written before 1000.  The organum is improvised by the singers on this recording according directions given in tenth- and eleventh-century treatises.
Glossary Terms: Plainchant; Gregorian chant; Organum (Oblique); Organum (Parallel); Parallel fifths and octaves
Score: M2151 .L4 1963 (p. 25)
Recording: XCD 1823 (track 2) 2'00
 

Hildegard von Bingen.
Columba aspexit ("The dove looked in")
Language:  Latin
Date: about 1150
Glossary Terms: Plainchant; Drone; Oblique motion; Responsorial singing
Score: M2089.H642 S9 1983 (p. 1)
Recording: XCD 4418 (track 1) 5'00
 

Bernart de Ventadorn.
Can vei la lauzeta ("When I see the lark")
Language:  Provençal (Occitan)
Date: late 1100s
Glossary Terms:  Troubadour song; Strophic song form; Drone; Lute
Score: M2 .N882 1996 v.1 (p. 39)
Recording: XCD 710 (track 6) 8'30
 

Raimbaut de Vaqueiras.
Kalenda Maya ("The First of May")
Language:  Provençal (Occitan)
Date: about 1200
Glossary Terms: Troubadour song; Strophic song form; Drone
Score: M2 .M2788 1989 (p. 50)
Recording: XCD 5677 (track 11) 2'30
 

Leonin (Leoninus).
Viderunt omnes ("The whole world has seen")
Language:  Latin
Date: about 1160
Glossary Terms: Cantus firmus; Organum (Melismatic); School of Notre Dame 
Note:  The cantus firmus is the plainchant, Viderunt omnes
Score: Not available
Recording: XCD 13060 (track 7) 8'00
 

Perotin (Perotinus)
Viderunt omnes
Language:  Latin
Date: about 1190
Glossary Terms: Cantus firmus; Organum; School of Notre Dame
Note:  The cantus firmus is the plainchant, Viderunt omnes
Score: M2.M22 1993 v. 1 (p. 1)
Recording: XCD 800 (track 1) 11'30
 
 

1b.    13th Century (the Ars Antiqua Period)

Anonymous (lyrics by Thomas of Celano).
Dies irae ("Day of wrath") 
Language:  Latin
Date: about 1250
Glossary Terms: Plainchant; Gregorian chant; Reqiuem Mass; Antiphonal singing; Monophony
Score: M2151 .L4 1963 (p. 1810)
Recording: XCD 13158 (track 8) 7'30
 

Anonymous.
Je m'en vois ma douce amie ("I am leaving, my sweetheart")
Language:  French
Date: mid-1200s
Glossary Terms: Motet; Polytextuality; Cantus Firmus; Isorhythm; Ostinato
Note:  The cantus firmus comes from the plainchant, Viderunt omnes
Score: M2.R294 v. 4-5, no. 80 (p. 80)
Recording: XCD 992 (track 16) 3'00
 

Anonymous.
Je ne chant pas  ("I do not sing")
Language:  French
Date:  mid-1200s
Glossary Terms:  Motet; Polytextuality; Cantus Firmus; Isorhythm; Ostinato
Note:  The cantus firmus comes from the plainchant, Viderunt omnes
Score:  M1495.C737 (p. 124)
Recording: XCD 992 (track 1)  2'19
 

Petrus de Cruce (Pierre de La Croix).
Je cuidoie bien metre jus ("I thought I had got the better of Love")
Language:  French
Date: late 1200s
Glossary Terms:  Motet; Polytextuality; Cantus Firmus; Isorhythm; Hocket
Score: M2.M799, v. 3, no. 332 (p. 244)
Recording: XCD 1428 (disc 2, track 17) 2'00
 

Petrus de Cruce (Pierre de La Croix).
Aucun ont trouvé chant par usage ("Some people write songs out of habit")
Language:  French
Date: late 1200s
Glossary Terms:  Motet; Polytextuality; Cantus Firmus; Isorhythm; Hocket
Score: M2.M799, v. 3, no. 254 (p. 81)
Recording: XCD 1428 (disc 2, track 23) 2'30
 

Anonymous.
Hac in anni ianua ("At this gateway to the year")
Language:  Latin
Date: 1200s
Glossary Terms: Conductus; Homorhythmic
Score: M2.D48 1998 v. 1 ( p. 31)
Recording: XCD 926 (track 5) 4'00
 

Adam de La Halle.
Bonne amourete ("Good little love")
Language:  French
Date: late 1200s
Glossary Terms:  Trouvère song; Rondeau form; Homorhythmic
Score: M3.1.A193 (p. 57)
Recording: XCD 1428 (disc 1, track 13) 0'30
 

Anonymous.
Sumer is icumen in ("Summer is coming")
Language:  English
Date: about 1240
Glossary Terms: Canon; Ostinato
Score: M2.D48 1998 (p. 36)
Recording: XCD 4010 (track 1) 2'00
 
 
 

1c.    Early through Middle 14th Century (the Ars Nova Period)

Guillaume de Machaut.
Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient ("Lady, from whom all my joy comes")
Language: French
Date: mid-1300s
Glossary Terms: Trouvère song;  Ballade
Score: M3.G957 1977 v. 4 (p. 73)
Recording: XCD 84 (track 1) 5'30
 

Guillaume de Machaut.
Inviolata genetrix ("Virgin Mother")
Language:  Latin
Date: mid-1300s
Glossary Terms: Motet; Polytextuality: Cantus Firmus; Isorhythm; Compound meter; Hocket
Note: The cantus firmus comes from the plainchant, Salve Regina
Score: M3.G957 1977 v. 2 (p. 82)
Recording: XCD 84 (track 13) 4'00
 

Guillaume de Machaut.
Kyrie eleison ("Lord have mercy")  from Messe de Nostre Dame ("Mass of Our Lady")
Language:  Greek
Date: mid-1300s
Glossary Terms: Cyclic Mass; Cantus firmus; Isorhythm; Parallel fifths and octaves
Note:  The cantus firmus is the plainchant, Kyrie eleison
Score: M3.G957 1977 v. 3 (p. 1)
Recording:    XCD 898 (track 1)  5'43
 

Guillaume de Machaut.
Gloria in excelsis Deo ("Glory to God in the highest") from Messe de Nostre Dame
Language:  Latin
Date: mid-1300s 
Glossary Terms:  Cyclic Mass; Homorhythmic; Paralell fifths and octaves
Score: M3.G957 1977 v. 3
Recording:      XCD 898 (track 2) 4'10
 

Francesco Landini.
Lasso! di donna ("Alas! I am in love with a lady")
Language:  Italian
Date: mid-1300s
Score: M3.L257 1982, v. 2 (p. 138)
Recording: XCD 4660 (track 8) 4'30
 

Francesco Landini.
Gram piant' agli ochi ("Big tears in my eyes")
Language: Italian
Date: mid-1300s
Score: M3.L257 1982, v. 2 (p. 128)
Recording: XCD 4660 (track 13) 3'30
 

Anonymous.
Chominciamento di gioia ("Joy's beginning")
Date: late 1300s 
Glossary Terms: Instrumental dance
Score: M2 .M2788 1989 (p. 74)
Recording: XCD 4116 (track 6) 5'00
 

Johannes Ciconia.
Petrum Marcello Venetum ("Pietro Marcello the Venetian")
Language:  Latin
Date: mid-to-late 1300s
Glossary Terms: Motet; Polytextuality; Isorhythm
Score: M2.P78, v. 24 (p. 94)
Recording: XCD 2307 (track 13) 3'00
 
 
 

1d.  End of the 14th Century  (the Ars Subtilior Period)

Johannes Ciconia.
Sus une fontayne ("By a fountain")
Language:  French
Date: end of the 1300s
Glossary Terms: Polyrhythm; Polymeter
Score: M2.P78 v. 24 (p. 170)
Recording: XCD 17582 (track 13)  8'26
 

Solage.
Fumeux fume par fumee ("Smoky smoking smoke")
Language:  French
Date:  end of the 1300s
Glossary Terms:  Chromaticism
Score:  M2.P78 v. 19 (p. 165)
Recording:  XCD 687 (track 7)  4'31
 

Anthonello de Caserta.
Dame zentil ("Noble lady")
Language:  Italian
Date: end of the 1300s
Glossary Terms:  Polyrhythm; Syncopation
Score: M2.P78, v. 22 (p. 4)
Recording: XCD 8380 (track 6)  7'06