With profound shock, if not surprise, the JLC began to hear of renewed outbreaks of anti-Jewish violence in Poland. After a massacre of Jews in Kielce, Poland, the JLC telegraphed Ambassador Jacques Maritain at Vatican City,
"It is regrettable that the non-Jewish world has not reacted to this pogrom wave in the most speedy fashion. In fact the Catholic Church of Poland is silent." (JLC to Maritain, 12 July 1946.)


By 1947 there were still 850,000 people living in DP camps, and it had become obvious that hardly any of the Jewish survivors would return to their former homes. Bella Meiksin and Nathan Gierowitz, two youthful and intrepid emigres, were assigned as full-time JLC representatives working in the camps. They soon became expert at cajoling assistance -- from medical treatment to transit visas -- out of reluctant or overburdened officials. JLC offices in Brussels and Stockholm served thousands of refugees waiting to be permanently resettled. Across Europe soup kitchens, cooperative workshops, Yiddish schools and libraries, day nurseries, and clinics were supported by JLC funds. The scope of the effort was captured by Jacob Pat in a 1948 report:

Thanks to the French Socialist Party we were able to secure 1,200 more visas for our D.P.'s in the camps who will now be permitted to settle in France. People have to be selected and examined medically. Then we must find transportation to France and provide new arrivals with apartments and work .... We are in the midst of bringing 2,000 needle trades workers and their families to Canada .... The Australian government has made 500 visas available .... Quite recently we moved 90 workers from the camps to Sweden .... We are now organizing a great central library in Munich . . . we have sent 50,000 books abroad so far.


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