Timothy G. Bromage, PhD

Professor, Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics
Director, Hard Tissue Research Unit

Email: tim.bromage@nyu.edu

BA 1978 (Special Major: Anthropology/Biology/Geology) California State University, Sonoma; MA 1980 (Biological Anthropology) University of Toronto; PhD 1986 (Biological Anthropology) University of Toronto

Research Interests: Mineralized tissue biology with emphasis on its translation to environmental and evolutionary studies • Microanatomical correlates of bone biomechanics • Skeletal adaptation to microgravity • Enamel and bone growth rate variability with respect to environmental perturbations • Skeletal development, aging, and organismal life history • Human evolutionary biology and Plio-Pleistocene field research • Integration of graphic and heuristic elements in the digital photomicrography of bone and tooth microanatomy

Representative publications

Bromage, T.G., Lacruz, R.S., Hogg, R., Goldman, H.M., McFarlin, S.C., Warshaw, J., Dirks, W., Perez-Ochoa, A., Smolyar, I., Enlow, D.H., & Boyde, A. (2009) Lamellar bone is an incremental tissue reconciling enamel rhythms, body size, and organismal life history. Calcified Tissue International 84: 388-404.

Bromage, T.G. (2009) Coupled microbial and human systems: evidence for a relationship between infectious disease and gross national product. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 15 (Suppl. 1): 51-53.

Lacruz, R.S., Dean, M.., Ramirez-Rozzi, F., Bromage, T. (2008) Megadontia, Striae Periodicity, and Patterns of enamel secretion in Plio-Pleistocene Fossil Hominins. Journal of Anatomy 213: 148-158.

Bromage, T.G., Boyde, A. (2008) Bone Growth Remodeling of the Early Human Face. In: (Enlow D.H., and Hans, M. Eds) Essentials of Facial Growth. W B Saunders Co.: New York. pp 319-342.

Bromage, T.G., Goldman, H.M., McFarlin, Perez-Ochoa, & Boyde, A. (2009) Confocal Scanning Optical Microscopy of a 3my Australopithecus afarensis Femur. Scanning 31: 1-10.

Bromage, T.G., McMahon, J., Thackeray, J.F., Kullmer, O., Hogg, R., Rosenberger, A.L., Schrenk, F., Enlow, D.H. (2008) Craniofacial architectural constraints and their importance for reconstructing the early Homo skull KNM-ER 1470. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 33: 43-54.

McFarlin, S.C., Terranova, C.J., Zihlman, A.L., Enlow, D.H., Bromage, T.G. (2008) Regional variability in secondary remodeling within long bone cortices of catarrhine primates: the influence of bone growth history. Journal of Anatomy 213: 308-324.

Yeh, N., Miller, J. P., Gaur, T., Capellini, T.D., Nikolich-Zugich, J., la Hoz, C. de, Selleri, L., Bromage, T.G., van Wijnen, A.J., Stein, G.S., Lian, J.B., Vidal, A., Koff, A. (2007) Cooperation between p27 and p107 during endochondral ossification suggests a genetic pathway controlled by p27 and p130. Molecular and Cellular Biology 27: 5161-5171.

Bromage, T.G., Lacruz, R., Perez-Ochoa, A., & Boyde, A. (2007) Portable confocal scanning optical microscopy of Australopithecus africanus enamel microstructure. Bailey, SE and Hublin, J-J. Dental perspectives on human evolution: State of the art research in dental paleoanthropology. Springer: Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp. 193-209.

Bromage, T.G. (2006) Science networks and the future of integrative research. In (T.G. Bromage, A. Vidal, E. Aguirre, & A. Perez-Ochoa, Eds). Integrative Approaches to Human Health and Evolution. Elsevier: Amsterdam. Pp. 160-174.

Lacruz, R. & Bromage, T.G. (2006) Appositional enamel growth in molars of South African fossil hominids. Journal of Anatomy 209: 13-20.

Goldman, H.M., Thomas, C. D. L., Clement, J. G. and Bromage, T. G. ( 2005) Relationships among microstructural properties of bone at the human mid-shaft femur. J. Anatomy 206: 127-139.

Bromage, T.G., Goldman, H.M., McFarlin S., Warshaw, J., Boyde, A. & Riggs, C. (2003) Circularly polarized light standards for investigations of collagen fiber orientation in bone. Anatomical Record: The New Anatomist 274B: 157–168.

Schrenk, F. & Bromage, T.G. (2002) Adams & Eltern – Expeditionen in die Welt der Frühmenschen. C.H. Beck: München, 254 pp. (German & Korean editions).

Arnaud, S.B., Buckendahl, P., Bromage, T.G., Yamauchi, M. (2000) Bone biochemistry in rat femoral diaphysis after space flight. Journal of Gravitational Physiology 7: 7-15.

Bromage, T.G. & Schrenk, F. (Eds) (1999) African Biogeography, Climate Change, and Early Hominid Evolution. Oxford University Press: New York. pp. 1-485.

Bromage, T.G. & Schrenk, F. (Eds) (1995) Evolutionary History of the Malawi Rift. . Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 28, pp. 1-120.

Schrenk, F., Bromage, T.G., Betzler, C. & Ring, U. (1993) Oldest Homo and Pliocene biogeography of the Malawi Rift. Nature, 365:833-836.

Bromage, T.G. (1992) The ontogeny of Pan troglodytes craniofacial architectural relationships and implications for early hominids. Journal of Human Evolution, 23:235-251.

Bromage, T.G. (1991) Enamel incremental periodicity in the Pigtailed Macaque: A polychrome fluorescent labeling study of dental hard tissues. American Journal of Physical Anthropology,86:205-214.

Mechanic, G.L., Arnaud, S.B., Boyde, A., Bromage, T.G., Buckendahl, P., Elliott, J.C., Katz, E.P. & Durnova, I. (1990) Regional Distribution of mineral and matrix in the femurs of rats flown on Cosmos 1887 biosatellite. FASEB, 4:34-40.

Bromage, T.G. (1989) Ontogeny of the early hominid face. Journal of Human Evolution, 18:751-773.

Bromage, T.G. (1987) The biological and chronological maturation of early hominids. Journal of Human Evolution, 16:257-272.

Bromage, T.G. & Dean, M.C. (1985) Re-evaluation of the age at death of immature fossil hominids. Nature, 317:525-527.