Game Theory II
Professor: Catherine Hafer
Office: #755, 726 Broadway
Classroom: #700, 726 Broadway
Mondays and Wednesdays, 4:30-6:00
This course is a continuation of Game Theory and Politics, G53.2108. This semester will continue introducing commonly applied theoretical concepts and will also incorporate prominent applications of those concepts in political science.
Game Theory and Politics, G53.2108
Robert Gibbons, Game Theory for Applied Economists. Princeton University Press, 1992.
Martin J. Osborne, An Introduction to Game Theory. Oxford University Press, forthcoming. (available at New University Copies, Waverly Place)
Martin J. Osborne and Ariel Rubinstein, A Course in Game Theory. MIT Press, 1994.
Students will be expected to complete 3 homework sets, which will count for 30% of the course grade, an exam, which will count for 30%, and a paper, which will count for the remaining 40%.
Problem sets serve an important pedagogical purpose. Carefully working through problems on your own will clarify important concepts and help you identify unresolved questions about the material. Discussing these questions with fellow students and with the instructor is appropriate and encouraged, however, the solutions you submit ought to reflect only your own work and understanding. Consulting solution manuals for assigned problems is truly not in your interest.
The exam will cover the material under “Key Concepts” (below), and will be held on a Wednesday evening following the completion of that section (including problem set #2). The exam will be held AFTER the completion of the usual class meeting, NOT during normal lecture time.
The paper should be an original attempt to use game theory to explain some political phenomenon. As such, it should identify an open question, defend the importance of resolving that question, briefly review of the relevant extant literature to which the paper will contribute, specify the model, justify or explain the assumptions, identify the appropriate solution concept and, if necessary, refinement(s), solve the model, and interpret the results.
(a) Review of Bayesian Nash Equilibrium
Gibbons, Ch. 3
(b) Perfect Bayesian and Sequential Equilibria
Gibbons, pp. 173-83, 233-44
Osborne, Ch. 10
(b’) Signaling Games and Cheap Talk
Gibbons, Ch. 4 pp. 183-218
Jeffrey S. Banks, Signaling Games in Political Science. Harwood Academic Publishers, 1989: Ch. 2.
David Austen-Smith, “Information Transmission in Debate.” American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 34, No. 1. (Feb., 1990), pp. 124-152.
Thomas Gilligan and Keith Krehbiel, “Collective Decision-Making and Standing Committees: An Informational Rationale for Restrictive Amendment Procedures.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization vol. 3 (1987) , pp. 145-93.
Marco Battaglini, “Multiple Referrals and Multidimensional Cheap Talk.” Econometrica vol. 70 (2002), pp. 1379-1401.
Osborne and Rubinstein, Ch. 8
Osborne, Chs. 14, 15
Dilip Abreu, “On the Theory of Infinitely Repeated Games with Discounting.” Econometrica, Vol. 56, No. 2. (Mar., 1988), pp. 383-396.
Avinash Dixit, “Trade Expansion and Contract Enforcement.” Princeton University Mimeo 2003.
Eric Maskin and Jean Tirole, “Markov Perfect Equilibrium: I. Observable Actions.” Journal of Economic Theory Vol. 100, No. 2, (October 2001), pp. 191-219.
Richard McKelvey and Thomas Palfrey, “Quantal Response Equilibria in Normal Form Games.” Games and Economic Behavior 1995.
Enriqueta Aragones and Thomas R. Palfrey, "Mixed Equilibrium in a Downsian Model with a Favored Candidate.” Journal of Economic Theory, forthcoming.
(a) Bargaining Solutions and Fair Division
Osborne and Rubinstein, Ch. 15
Osborne, Ch. 16
Steven Brams, TBA
(b) Non-Cooperative Bargaining
David P. Baron and John A. Ferejohn, “Bargaining in Legislatures.” The American Political Science Review, Vol. 83, No. 4. (Dec., 1989), pp. 1181-1206.
Osborne and Rubinstein, Ch. 5
Giacomo Bonnano and Klaus Nehring, “Agreeing to Disagree: a Survey.” UC Davis Mimeo, 1997. http://www.econ.ucdavis.edu/faculty/bonanno/PDF/agree.pdf
Ariel Rubinstein, “Comments on the Interpretation of Game Theory.” Econometrica, Vol. 59, No. 4. (Jul., 1991), pp. 909-924.