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content="Ned Block, Department of Philosophy"> <meta name=Keywords content=""> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="2049"/> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body bgcolor=white lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'> <div class=WordSection1> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 style='margin-left:2.55pt;border-collapse:collapse;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184; mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 0in 0in'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes; height:164.25pt'> <td width=223 valign=top style='width:167.05pt;border:solid windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:164.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><a name="_top"></a><span style='font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://philosophy.fas.nyu.edu/page/faculty">Ned Block</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://philosophy.fas.nyu.edu/page/home">Department of Philosophy</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/">New York University</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&amp;hl=en&amp;q=5+washington+place+new+york,+ny&amp;sll=37.0625,-95.677068&amp;sspn=44.204685,63.808594&amp;layer=&amp;ie=UTF8&amp;z=17&amp;ll=40.729332,-73.994411&amp;spn=0.005187,0.007789&amp;om=1">5 Washington Place</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&amp;hl=en&amp;q=5+washington+place+new+york,+ny&amp;sll=37.0625,-95.677068&amp;sspn=44.204685,63.808594&amp;layer=&amp;ie=UTF8&amp;z=17&amp;ll=40.729332,-73.994411&amp;spn=0.005187,0.007789&amp;om=1">New</a> <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/NYC.jpg">York</a> <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York">NY</a> <a href="http://zipcodenewyork.info/">10003</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>212-998-8322</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>ned</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>-dot-block-<span class=SpellE>atsign</span>-<span class=SpellE>nyu</span>-dot-<span class=SpellE>edu</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>FAX: 917-595-5391</span></p> </td> <td width=217 valign=top style='width:163.05pt;border:solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left:none;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:164.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=211 height=299 id="_x0000_i1025" src="index.fld/image001.png" alt="/Users/nb/Dropbox/philo/faculty/block/INDEX/index.fld/image001.png"></span></b></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p class=MsoNormal><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>&nbsp;</span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>&nbsp;</span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>NED BLOCK</span></b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: "Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> (Ph.D., Harvard), </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://silverdialogues.fas.nyu.edu/page/appointed"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Silver Professor</span></a><span style='color:black'> of <a href="http://philosophy.fas.nyu.edu/page/home">Philosophy</a>, </span><a href="http://www.psych.nyu.edu/faculty/">Psychology</a> and <a href="http://www.cns.nyu.edu/">Neural Science</a>, <span style='color:black'>came to NYU in 1996 from MIT where he was Chair of the Philosophy Program. He works in philosophy of perception and foundations of neuroscience and cognitive science and is currently writing a book on the perception/cognition border, <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>The Border between Seeing and Thinking</i>. He is a </span><a href="https://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/classlist2014.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences</span></a><span style='color:black'>, a <a href="http://cognitivesciencesociety.org/about_awards_fellows.html">Fellow</a> of the <a href="http://cognitivesciencesociety.org/about_awards_fellows.html">Cognitive Science Society</a>, has been a </span><a href="http://www.gf.org/index.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Guggenheim Fellow</span></a><span style='color:black'>, a Senior Fellow of the </span><a href="http://www-csli.stanford.edu/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Center for the Study of Language and Information,</span></a><span style='color:black'> a Sloan Foundation Fellow, a faculty member at two <a href="http://www.neh.gov/whoweare/index.html">National Endowment for the Humanities</a> <a href="http://www.neh.gov/projects/si-university.html">Summer Institutes</a> and two <a href="http://www.neh.gov/projects/si-university.html">Summer Seminars</a>, the recipient of fellowships from the </span><a href="http://www.neh.gov/manage/fellowshipsgi_08_09.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>National Endowment for the Humanities</span></a><span style='color:black'> the </span><a href="http://www.acls.org/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>American Council of Learned Societies</span></a><span style='color:black'> and the </span><a href="http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/ses/sts/start.htm"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>National Science Foundation</span></a><span style='color:black'>; and a recipient of the </span><a href="http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2005/muh.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Robert A. <span class=SpellE>Muh</span> Alumni Award in Humanities and Social Science</span></a><span style='color:black'> from MIT and the <a href="http://www.institutnicod.org/IMG/files/BrochureNedBlock.pdf">Jean <span class=SpellE>Nicod</span> Prize</a> (<a href="http://www.institutnicod.org/seminaires-colloques/conferences-et-prix-jean-nicod/archives/">list</a> of past recipients of the Jean <span class=SpellE>Nicod</span> Prize), </span><a href="http://www.ens.fr/"><span style='color:#1B00A6;text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>Ecole <span class=SpellE>Normale</span> <span class=SpellE>Superieure</span></span></a>, <span style='color:black'>Paris. He is a past president of the </span><a href="http://www.hfac.uh.edu/cogsci/spp/spphp.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Society for Philosophy and Psychology,</span></a><span style='color:black'> a past Chair of the MIT Press Cognitive Science Board, and past President of the </span><a href="http://assc.caltech.edu/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness</span></a><span style='color:black'>.&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><a href="http://www.philosophersannual.org/"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>The Philosophers' Annual</span></i></a><span style='color:black'> selected his papers as one of the &quot;ten best&quot; in </span><a href="http://www.pgrim.org/philosophersannual/past.html#v06"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>1983</span></a><span style='color:black'>, </span><a href="http://www.pgrim.org/philosophersannual/past.html#v13">1990,</a><span style='color:black'> </span><a href="http://www.pgrim.org/philosophersannual/past.html#v18"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>1995</span></a>,<span style='color:black'> </span><a href="http://www.pgrim.org/philosophersannual/past.html#v25"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>2002</span></a> and <a href="http://www.pgrim.org/philosophersannual/past.html#v30">2010</a><span style='color:black'>. He is co-editor of </span><a href="http://www-mitpress.mit.edu/book-home.tcl?isbn=0262522101"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates</span></i></a><span style='color:black'> (</span><a href="http://www-mitpress.mit.edu/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>MIT Press</span></a><span style='color:black'>, 1997). The first of two volumes of his collected papers, </span><a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&amp;tid=11054"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Functionalism, Consciousness and Representation</span></i></a><i><span style='color:black'>,</span></i><span style='color:black'> </span><a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/browse/default.asp?cid=81"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>MIT Press</span></a> came out in 2007<span style='color:black'>.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><a href="https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/blockheads">Blockheads! <span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";background:white'>Essays on Ned Block s Philosophy of Mind and Consciousness</span></a></i></span></span><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: "Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#222222; background:white'>, </span></i><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>edited by <a href="https://www.brown.edu/academics/philosophy/index.php?q=adam-pautz">Adam Pautz</a> and <a href="http://philrsss.anu.edu.au/profile/daniel-stoljar">Daniel <span class=SpellE>Stoljar</span></a> is forthcoming from MIT Press.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>It contains 18 articles each of which is replied to by Ned Block </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>Named Lectures:</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2003 <a href="http://www.lancog.com/petrus-hispanus-lectures.html">Petrus <span class=SpellE>Hispanus</span> Lectures</a>, <a href="http://www.lancog.com/petrus-hispanus-lectures.html">University of Lisbon</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2004 <a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/philosophy/events/27882">Lone Star Tourist</a> (lectures at U. of Texas at Austin, Rice U., U. of Houston, Texas A&amp;M)</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2005 <a href="http://www.idesam.umu.se/om/amnen/filosofi/presentation/burmanlectures/">Burman Lectures</a>, University of Umea</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2006 <a href="http://philosophy.dartmouth.edu/news-events/francis-w-gramlich-lectures">Francis W. <span class=SpellE>Gramlich</span> Memorial Lecture,</a> Dartmouth College</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2008 <a href="https://philosophy.berkeley.edu/events/detail/450">Townsend Visitor</a>, <a href="https://philosophy.berkeley.edu">University of California at Berkeley</a>; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2009 <a href="http://philrsss.anu.edu.au/special-events/jack-smart-lecture">Jack Smart Lecturer</a>, <a href="http://philosophy.cass.anu.edu.au">Australian National University</a>.&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2009 <a href="http://royalinstitutephilosophy.org/events/annual-lecture/">Royal Institute of Philosophy</a> <a href="http://royalinstitutephilosophy.org/events/annual-lecture/">Annual Lecture</a>: </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2009 <a href="http://lettuce.tapor.uvic.ca/~taprlans/information.php">Lansdowne Lecturer</a>, <a href="http://www.uvic.ca/">University of Victoria</a>; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2010 <a href="http://www.apaonline.org/?royce">Josiah Royce Lectures</a>, <a href="http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Philosophy/events.php">Brown University</a>.&nbsp; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2010 <a href="http://philosophy.cornell.edu/events-news/Full-Listing-of-Past-Speakers.cfm"><span class=SpellE>Kretzmann</span> Lecture for Undergraduates, Cornell University</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2011 <a href="http://www.blaufund.org/history/alvinandfanny.html"><span class=SpellE>Thalheimer</span></a> <a href="http://baltimore.eventful.com/events/philosophythalheimer-lectures-/E0-001-036731656-0">Lectures,</a> <a href="http://philosophy.jhu.edu/">Johns Hopkins</a> University. </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2012 <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_James_Lectures">William James</a> <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_James_Lectures">Lectures</a> (<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_James_Lectures">list</a> of <a href="http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~phildept/files/WilliamJamesLecturers.pdf">past lecturers</a>), <a href="http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~phildept/deptlectures.html">Harvard</a> University; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2012 <a href="http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/philosophy/carnaplectures/Rudolf-Carnap_Lectures/Archive.html">Rudolf</a> <a href="http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/philosophy/carnaplectures/Rudolf-Carnap_Lectures/Archive.html">Carnap Lectures</a> (with <a href="https://software.rc.fas.harvard.edu/lds/research/carey/susan-carey">Susan Carey</a>), <a href="http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/philosophy/ii/index.html.en">Ruhr-<span class=SpellE>Universitat</span> Bochum</a>; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2012 <a href="https://philosophy.stanford.edu/events/departmental-events/kant-lectures">Immanuel Kant Lectures</a> (list <a href="https://philosophy.stanford.edu/news-events/kant-lectures/kant-lectures-archives">of past lecturers</a>) at <a href="http://philosophy.stanford.edu/">Stanford University</a>.&nbsp; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2013 <a href="https://www.philosophy.ox.ac.uk/john-locke-lectures#collapse1-4">John Locke</a> <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Locke_Lectures">Lectures</a> (<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Locke_Lectures">list</a> of <a href="http://www.philosophy.ox.ac.uk/lectures/john_locke_lectures/past_lectures">past lecturers</a>) at <a href="http://www.philosophy.ox.ac.uk/lectures/john_locke_lectures">Oxford University</a>.&nbsp; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>2014 <a href="http://www.institutnicod.org/seminaires-colloques/conferences-et-prix-jean-nicod/archives/n-block-2013/?lang=en">Jean <span class=SpellE>Nicod</span> Lectures</a> (<a href="http://www.institutnicod.org/seminaires-colloques/conferences-et-prix-jean-nicod/archives/">list</a> of past lecturers), </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.ens.fr/"><span style='color:#1B00A6;text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>Ecole <span class=SpellE>Normale</span> <span class=SpellE>Superieure</span></span></a>, <span style='color:black'>Paris.</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2014 <a href="http://www.mnsu.edu/news/read/?id=1392072470&amp;paper=topstories">Nadine Andreas Lectures</a> at <a href="http://www.mnsu.edu/news/read/?id=old-1188480014&amp;paper=topstories">Minnesota</a> <a href="http://www.mnsu.edu/news/read/?id=old-1188480014&amp;paper=topstories">State University</a>, </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2014 <a href="https://philosophy.berkeley.edu/page/28">New Crop Visitor</a>, <a href="http://philosophy.berkeley.edu/events/upcoming">University of California at Berkeley</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2014 <a href="http://www.kyjmemoriallectures.com/modules/contents/ct_view.html?id=lectures&amp;p=1&amp;no=4">Kim Young-Jung Memorial Lectures</a> at <a href="http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2012-13/world-ranking/institution/seoul-national-university">Seoul</a> <a href="http://www.useoul.edu">National University</a>, </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2015 <a href="http://www.filosoficas.unam.mx/sitio/catedra-jose-gaos-2015">Jose <span class=SpellE>Gaos</span></a> Lectures (<a href="http://www.filosoficas.unam.mx/sitio/catedra-jose-gaos">past lecturers</a>), <a href="http://www.filosoficas.unam.mx">Instituto de <span class=SpellE>Investigaciones</span> <span class=SpellE>Filosoficas</span></a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Autonomous_University_of_Mexico">National Autonomous University of Mexico</a> (UNAM) , Mexico</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2015 <a href="http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.science.philosophy.region.europe/15495">Marc <span class=SpellE>Jeannerod</span> Lecture</a>, <a href="http://www.ua.ac.be/main.aspx?c=.philosophyofmind&amp;n=36039">University of Antwerp</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2016 <a href="http://www.apaonline.org/?sanders_lecture">Sanders Lecture at the American Philosophical Association</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2016 <a href="http://www.izph.de/en/8-ernst-robert-curtius-vorlesung-prof-dr-ned-block-nyu-prof-dr-tyler-burge-ucla/">Ernst Robert <span class=SpellE>Curtius</span> Lecture Series</a>, <a href="https://www.uni-bonn.de"><span class=SpellE>Universitat</span> Bonn</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2017 <a href="http://www.philosophie.uni-hd.de/kompaktseminar/">Heidelberger <span class=SpellE>Kompaktseminar</span></a>, <a href="http://www.uni-heidelberg.de"><span class=SpellE>Universitat</span> Heidelberg</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2017 <a href="http://www.ircs.upenn.edu/pinkel/index.shtml">Pinkel Lecture</a> <a href="https://philosophy.sas.upenn.edu">University of Pennsylvania</a> <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-line-height-alt:11.1pt'><span style='font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>2017 <a href="https://societadineuroetica.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/program_sine_20171.pdf"><span class=SpellE>SINe</span> Medal</a> from the <a href="http://societadineuroetica.it/">Italian Society for <span class=SpellE>Neuroethics</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='color:black'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>On-line videos</span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>Talks at Google: <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6lHHxcxurhQ">Why AI Approaches to Cognition</a> Won't Work for Consciousness, June 14, 2017<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cct1Cif4OxU&amp;feature=youtu.be">Debate</a> on <a href="https://wp.nyu.edu/consciousness/is-there-unconscious-perception/">whether there is unconscious perception</a> with <a href="https://sites.google.com/site/carrascolabnyu/">Marisa Carrasco</a>, <a href="https://qualia.psych.ucla.edu/index-2.html#PI">Hakwan Lau</a>, <a href="https://sites.google.com/site/meganakpeters/">Megan Peters</a> and me, 2017<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://www.closertotruth.com/series/what-consciousness-part-3?utm_source=twitter&amp;utm_medium=social&amp;utm_content=new-interview-series-promotion&amp;utm_campaign=what-is-consciousness-tweet">What is Consciousness</a>?&nbsp; PBS 2015 <i>Closer to the Truth</i> series</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2013/01/28/what-is-consciousness-go-to-the-video/">What is Consciousness</a>?&nbsp; 2013 Interview and music by Joe LeDoux on a Scientific American site</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://techtv.mit.edu/collections/150-events:1919/videos/13236-consciousness-and-intelligence">Consciousness and Intelligence</a>.&nbsp; Panel Discussion with Giulio <span class=SpellE>Tononi</span>, Christof Koch and Shimon Ullman</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=as4oGV6Fvlw">Darwin Day 2011</a>.&nbsp; Panel Discussion with Jaqueline Gottlieb and Massimo <span class=SpellE>Pigliucci</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6SbPPL8tOI&amp;feature=digest">Consciousness as illusion</a> and <a href="http://www.closertotruth.com/search_results.php?search=Block&amp;x=12&amp;y=5">other videos</a> at <a href="http://www.closertotruth.com/search_results.php?search=Block&amp;x=12&amp;y=5">Closer to the Truth: Cosmos, Consciousness, God</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g95I5Y7CIYU">Section 1</a> of the 1995 '<a href="http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/PI/quine_video_series.htm#Block_Panel">Block Panel</a>' <a href="http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/PI/quine_video_series.htm">interview of W.V. Quine</a> on the inverted spectrum and related issues. (Download a <span class=SpellE>Quicktime</span> version <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/movies/Quine.mov">here</a>).&nbsp; <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EVTGesRgGfQ">Section 2</a>, <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PwgDFimXgjo&amp;feature=related">Section 3</a> (in which Quine gives a very qualified endorsement of an inverted spectrum)</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'><a href="#Online">Online Papers</a></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'><a href="#Online">Articles in Handbooks or Encyclopedias</a></span></b><span class=MsoHyperlink><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'><a href="#Undergrad">Undergraduate Courses</a></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'><a href="#Grad">Graduate Courses</a></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><a name=Articles></a><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'>&nbsp;</span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/MX/corresp.pdf">Correspondence with Malcolm X from 1962 when I was a sophomore and then a junior at MIT</a>.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>I also corresponded with Martin Luther King about debating Malcolm X.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><a name=Online></a><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt; color:#003300'>&nbsp;</span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'>Online Papers</span></b><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'> </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&quot;<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2018.royal.soc.pdf">If perception is probabilistic, why doesn't it seem probabilistic?&quot;</a><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><a href="http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/373/1755">Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society<span style='font-style:normal'> B</span></a></i> in a <a href="http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/373/1755">special issue</a> on perceptual consciousness and cognitive access, 2018, Volume 373, #1755.<span class=MsoHyperlink><o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&quot;<a href="https://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/readings/2018.carter.pdf">Conscious Machines: Defining Questions</a>&quot;, Olivia Carter, Jakob <span class=SpellE>Hohwy</span>, Jeroen van <span class=SpellE>Boxtel</span>, Victor <span class=SpellE>Lamme</span>, Ned Block, Christof Koch, <span class=SpellE>Naotsugu</span> Tsuchiya, <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Science</i> 359, 6374, 2018, p. 400.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Response to Stanislas <span class=SpellE>Dehaene</span>, <span class=SpellE>Hakwan</span> Lau &amp; Sid <span class=SpellE>Kouider</span>, &quot;<a href="https://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/readings/2017.dehaene.pdf">What is consciousness and could machines have it?&quot;</a> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Science</i> 358, 6362, 486-492<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <h1 style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:11.25pt;margin-left: 0in;mso-line-height-alt:12.0pt'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&quot;<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2017.unc.symp.pdf">Does Unconscious Perception Really Exist</a>?&quot; 2017 in <a href="https://academic.oup.com/nc">Neuroscience of Consciousness</a> 3 (1), contributions by Megan Peters, Robert <span class=SpellE>Kentridge</span>, Ian Phillips and myself. <o:p></o:p></span></h1> <h1 style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:11.25pt;margin-left: 0in;mso-line-height-alt:12.0pt'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>A variant of my contribution is in <a href="http://www.ilsole24ore.com/">Il Sole 24 Ore</a> here: </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#1A171B'><a href="http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/cultura/2017-05-12/visioni-dall-inconscio--205652.shtml?uuid=AE0u0FIB"><span class=SpellE>Visioni</span> <span class=SpellE>dall'inconscio</span></a></span><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'><o:p></o:p></span></u></h1> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="https://academic.oup.com/nc/article/2017/1/nix018/4060548?searchresult=1">&quot;Measuring away an intentional confound?&quot;</a> by Jorge Morales, <span class=SpellE>Yasha</span> <span class=SpellE>Mouradi</span>, Claire <span class=SpellE>Sergent</span>, Ned Block, Vincent <span class=SpellE>Taschereau-Dumouchel</span>, David Rosenthal, <span class=SpellE>Piercesare</span> Grimaldi and Hakwan Lau, Neuroscience of Consciousness 1 (1), 2017.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>'<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2016.bbs.pdf">Tweaking the Concepts of Perception and Cognition</a>,' Comment on Chaz Firestone and Brian Scholl<a href="https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/12408540/PDFs/16.%20TopDown%20Manifesto/Firestone%20Scholl%20%20Behavioral%20and%20Brain%20Sciences%20Cognition%20does%20not%20affect%20perception%20Evaluating%20the%20evidence%20for%20%E2%80%9Ctop-down%E2%80%9D%20effects.pdf">,&nbsp; Cognition does not affect perception: Evaluating the evidence for 'top-down' effects</a>, <i>The Behavioral and Brain Sciences</i>, 2016</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/readings/2017.f&amp;sreply.pdf">Firestone and Scholl, response to critics</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;text-autospace:none'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'>'</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2016.ppr.karenina.pdf">The Anna Karenina Principle and Skepticism about Unconscious Perception</a>', in <i>Philosophy and Phenomenological Research</i>, 2016, DOI:&nbsp;10.1111/phpr.12258.&nbsp; </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>This is a response to Ian Phillips' <a href="http://www.ianbphillips.com/uploads/2/2/9/4/22946642/consciousness_and_criterion.pdf"><span style='color:#535353;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Consciousness and criterion: on Block's case for unconscious perception</span></a><span style='color:#3A3A3A'>&nbsp;<i>Philosophy &amp; Phenomenological Research</i></span></span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'> </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'>The Anna Karenina Principle says that all conscious perceptions are alike but each type of unconscious perception is unconscious in its own way.&nbsp; <span class=SpellE>Breitmeyer's</span> <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810015000148">2015</a> article describes 24 methods of producing unconscious perception that work by interfering with conscious <span class=SpellE>perocessing</span> in different ways.&nbsp; No convincing critique of unconscious perception can focus on just one type of unconscious perception.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-autospace:none'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#343434'>'<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2016.debate.pdf">Unconscious seeing</a>', a debate with</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: "Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'> <a href="http://www.ianbphillips.com/papers.html">Ian Phillips</a></span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#343434'>&nbsp;in B. <span class=SpellE>Nanay</span> (ed.)</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'> <span style='color:#343434'><a href="https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138840089">Current Controversies in Philosophy of Perception</a></span>, <span style='color:#343434'>Routledge</span><span style='color:#003300'>,&nbsp;2016 </span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>&nbsp;</span></span></p> <h4><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black;font-weight:normal'><a href="http://open-mind.net/papers/the-puzzle-of-perceptual-precision/at_download/paperPDF">'The Puzzle of Perceptual Precision</a>', in </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; font-weight:normal'><a href="http://www.blogs.uni-mainz.de/fb05philosophieengl/institutes/theoretical-philosophy/staff/dr-jennifer-m-windt/">Jennifer <span class=SpellE>Windt</span></a> &amp; <a href="http://www.blogs.uni-mainz.de/fb05philosophieengl/institutes/theoretical-philosophy/thmetzinger/">Thomas <span class=SpellE>Metzinger</span></a> (Eds.), <i><a href="http://open-mind.net/papers">MIND</a> Anniversary Collection</i>: <a href="http://www.barbara-wengeler-stiftung.de/home.html">Barbara-<span class=SpellE>Wengeler</span>-Stiftung</a>, 2015.&nbsp; Whole book available free <a href="http://open-mind.net/papers">here</a>.&nbsp; <a href="https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/open-mind">Two volume set from MIT Press</a><a href="https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/open-mind">, Open MIND, Philosophy and the Mind Sciences in the 21st Century</a>, 2016, edited by <a href="http://www.blogs.uni-mainz.de/fb05philosophieengl/institutes/theoretical-philosophy/staff/dr-jennifer-m-windt/">Jennifer <span class=SpellE>Windt</span></a> &amp; <a href="http://www.blogs.uni-mainz.de/fb05philosophieengl/institutes/theoretical-philosophy/thmetzinger/">Thomas <span class=SpellE>Metzinger</span></a></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <h4><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; font-weight:normal'>Argues for a failure of correspondence between perceptual representation and what it is like to perceive.&nbsp; If what it is like to perceive is grounded in perceptual representation, then, using considerations of veridical representation, we can show that inattentive peripheral perception is less representationally precise than attentive foveal perception. However, there is empirical evidence to the contrary.&nbsp; The conclusion is that perceptual representation cannot ground what it is like to perceive.</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <h4><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'><a href="http://open-mind.net/papers/phenomenal-precision-and-some-possible-pitfalls2014a-commentary-on-ned-block/at_download/paperPDF">Commentary</a> by <a href="http://www.open-mind.net/showAuthor?author=SaschaB_Fink"><span class=SpellE>Sascha</span> Benjamin Fink</a>, '<a href="http://open-mind.net/papers/phenomenal-precision-and-some-possible-pitfalls2014a-commentary-on-ned-block">Phenomenal Precision and Some Possible Pitfalls</a>'</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <h4><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'>'<a href="http://open-mind.net/papers/solely-generic-phenomenology-a-reply-to-sascha-b-fink/at_download/paperPDF">Solely Generic Phenomenology</a>', <a href="http://open-mind.net/papers/solely-generic-phenomenology-a-reply-to-sascha-b-fink">a reply to Fink</a></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p class=MsoHeader><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Kimfestschrift.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'The Canberra Plan Neglects Ground</span></a><span style='color:black'>', </span>2015, in <i><a href="http://www.cambridge.org/US/academic/subjects/philosophy/epistemology-and-metaphysics/qualia-and-mental-causation-physical-world-themes-philosophy-jaegwon-kim">Qualia and Mental Causation in a Physical World: Themes from the Philosophy of <span class=SpellE>Jaegwon</span> Kim</a></i>, edited by Terence Horgan, Marcelo <span class=SpellE>Sabates</span> and David Sosa, Cambridge University Press.&nbsp; Amazon page <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Qualia-Mental-Causation-Physical-World/dp/1107077834">here</a>. <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Qualia-Mental-Causation-Physical-World/dp/1107077834">Table of Contents</a></span></p> <p class=MsoBodyText style='margin-bottom:6.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>Argues </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>that the 'Canberra Plan' picture of <span class=SpellE>physicalistic</span> reduction of mind--a picture shared by both its proponents and opponents, philosophers as diverse as David Armstrong, David Chalmers Frank Jackson, <span class=SpellE>Jaegwon</span> Kim, Joe Levine and David Lewis--<a href="http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/philosophy/epistemology-and-metaphysics/metaphysical-grounding-understanding-structure-reality">neglects</a> <a href="http://philosophy.fas.nyu.edu/docs/IO/1160/conceptofground_abridged.pdf">ground</a>. To the extent that the point of view endorsed by the Canberra Plan has an account of the physical/functional ground of mind at all, it is in one version trivial and in another version implausible. In its most general form, the point of view of the Canberra Plan is committed to unacceptably treating indexical or name-related facts as part of the ultimate physical/functional ground of the mental. </span></p> <h4><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black;font-weight:normal'>Ned Block, David Carmel, Stephen M. Fleming, Robert W. <span class=SpellE>Kentridge</span>, Christof Koch, Victor A.F. <span class=SpellE>Lamme</span>, <span class=SpellE>Hakwan</span> Lau, David Rosenthal</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'>,&nbsp; <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2014.group.pdf">Consciousness science: real progress and lingering misconceptions,</a> <a href="Trends%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252520in%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252520Cognitive%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252520Sciences">Trends in Cognitive Sciences</a> Vol.18, 2014. Early View; K. <span class=SpellE>Paller</span>, S. Suzuki, <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364661314002101">Response to Block <i>et al.</i>: first-person perspectives are both necessary and troublesome for consciousness science</a></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:#262626'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2014.consc.brain.pdf">&nbsp;'Consciousness, Big Science and Conceptual Clarity</a>', </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>2014. <i><a href="http://press.princeton.edu/titles/10306.html">The Future of the Brain<span style='font-style:normal'>: </span>Essays by the World's Leading Neuroscientists</a></i>,&nbsp; <a href="http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/bios/gary_marcus/search?contributorName=gary%20marcus">Gary Marcus</a> and <a href="http://www.jeremyfreeman.net/?l=about">Jeremy Freeman</a> (eds.), <a href="http://press.princeton.edu">Princeton University Press</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>With enormous investments in neuroscience looming on the horizon, including proposals to map the activity of every neuron in the brain, it is worth asking what questions such an investment might be expected to contribute to answering. What is the likelihood that high-resolution mapping will resolve fundamental questions about how the mind works? I argue that high-resolution maps are far from sufficient, and that the utility of new technologies in neuroscience depends on developing them in tandem with the psycho-neural concepts needed to understand how the mind is implemented in the brain.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Seeingas.pdf">'<span style='font-size:14.0pt'>Seeing-As in the Light of Vision Science</span></a></span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'>,<span class=GramE>'&nbsp; <i>Philosophy</i></span><i> and Phenomenological Research</i> with a <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Burge.reply.pdf">reply</a> by Tyler Burge, 2014. </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Article first published online: 24 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/phpr.12135</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'>Argues that philosophers have underestimated the extent to which the following are empirical issues to which psychological experiments are relevant:&nbsp; Whether all seeing is seeing-as; whether seeing-as is conceptual; whether seeing is exhausted by seeing 'low level properties': shape, spatial relations, motion, texture, brightness, color; what the distinction is between perception and perceptual judgment.&nbsp; Presents evidence that some high level <span class=SpellE>propertiesnamely</span> faces and emotional facial expressions are perceptually represented.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:#262626'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;'<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2014.seeingas.pdf">Rich conscious perception outside focal attention',</a> <i><a href="http://www.cell.com/trends/cognitive-sciences/abstract/S1364-6613(14)00127-2">Trends in Cognitive Sciences</a></i> <span class=issuevolsp><span style='font-family: "Arial",sans-serif'>Vol. 18</span></span>, <span class=issuenumsp><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Issue 9</span></span>, <span class=pagerange><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>p445 to 447, </span></span>2014</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Can we consciously see more items at once than can be cognized at once, i.e. than can be held in a cognitive buffer? This question has eluded resolution because the ultimate evidence is subjects' reports in which phenomenal consciousness is filtered through a cognitive system, visual working memory. However, a new technique makes use of the fact that unattended 'ensemble properties' can be detected 'for free' without decreasing working memory capacity.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/tht3124.pdf">'The Defective Armchair: A Reply to Tye</a>,' <i><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tht3.124/abstract">Thought: A Journal of Philosophy</a></i>, First published online, 2 June, 2014</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;text-autospace:none'><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tht3.123/abstract?campaign=woletoc">Michael <span class=SpellE>Tye's</span> response</a> to my 'Grain' (Block 2012) and 'Windows' (Block 2013) raises general <span class=SpellE>metaphilosophical</span> issues about the value of intuitions and judgments about one's perceptions and the relations of those intuitions and judgments to empirical research, as well as specific philosophical issues about the relation between seeing, attention and de re thought. I will argue that <span class=SpellE>Tye's</span> appeal to what is 'intuitively obvious, once we reflect upon these cases' ('intuition') is problematic. I will also argue that first person judgments can be problematic when used on their own as Tye does but can be valuable when integrated with empirical results.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:#262626'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2013.Windows.pdf">'Seeing and Windows of Integration</a>,' <i><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2161-2234">Thought: A Journal of Philosophy</a></i>. First published online 30 AUG 2013: </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>DOI:&nbsp;10.1002/tht62.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Elaborates the argument in <span style='color:#262626'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Grainofattention.pdf">'The Grain of Vision and the Grain of Attention</a>,' <i><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2161-2234">Thought: A Journal of Philosophy</a></i>. <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1002/tht3.28/asset/tht328.pdf?v=1&amp;t=hd4jgdh3&amp;s=f748216a4862e7311719d929ce2c7f5e58c99c45">Volume 1, Issue 3</a>, September 2012.&nbsp; And replies to critiques by <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tht3.57/pdf">Bradley Richards</a> and <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tht.59/pdf">J. H. Taylor</a>.&nbsp; Discusses metamers of peripheral vision in the light of results about certain kinds of regular repeating patterns.&nbsp; Argues that there are special features of repeating patterns in peripheral vision that allow one to single an object out by vision that one cannot single out by attention, i.e. to see an item that one cannot attend to.</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:#262626'>Ned Block and Susanna Siegel, '<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Final_AttentionAdaptation.pdf">Attention and Perceptual Adaptation</a>,' <i>Behavioral and Brain Sciences</i> 36:3, p. 25-26, 2013</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;text-autospace:none'><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'>Comment on Andy Clark on predictive coding: </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Clark advertises the predictive coding (PC) framework as applying to a wide range of phenomena, including attention. We argue that for many attentional phenomena, the predictive coding picture either makes false predictions, or else it offers no distinctive explanation of those phenomena, thereby reducing its explanatory power</span><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:6.0pt;text-autospace:none'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Grainofattention.pdf">'The Grain of Vision and the Grain of Attention</a>,' <i><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2161-2234">Thought: A Journal of Philosophy</a></i>. <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1002/tht3.28/asset/tht328.pdf?v=1&amp;t=hd4jgdh3&amp;s=f748216a4862e7311719d929ce2c7f5e58c99c45">Volume 1, Issue 3</a>, September 2012.&nbsp; </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>First published online: 3 JAN 2013 DOI:&nbsp;10.1002/tht3.28</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;text-autospace:none'><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Often when there is no attention to an object, there is no conscious perception of it either, leading some to conclude that conscious perception is an attentional phenomenon. There is a well-known perceptual phenomenon, <span class=SpellE>visuo</span> spatial crowding, in which objects are too closely packed for attention to single out one of them. This article argues that there is a variant of crowding, what I call ''identity-crowding'', in which one can consciously see a thing despite failure of attention to it. This conclusion, together with new evidence that attention to an object occurs in unconscious perception, suggests there may be a double dissociation between conscious perception of an object and attention to that object, constraining the extent to which consciousness can be constitutively attentional. The argument appeals to a comparison between the minimal resolution (or ''grain'') of object-attention and object-seeing.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: "Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'>Naotsugu</span></span><span style='font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#262626'> Tsuchiya, Ned Block, Christof Koch, '</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/PUB.Koch.Tsuchiya.pdf">Top-down attention and consciousness: comment on Cohen <i>et al.'</i></a><i>&nbsp; Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16, 11, 2012, p. 527</i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: "Arial",sans-serif'>J.Kevin</span></span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'> <span class=SpellE>O'Regan</span> &amp; Ned Block, '<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2012_O'Regan.pdf">Discussion of J. Kevin <span class=SpellE>O'Regan's</span> <i>Why Red Doesn't Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness</i></a>', <i><a href="http://www.springer.com/philosophy/journal/13164">The Review of Philosophy and Psychology</a></i>, 2012</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>'<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2012_Response.pdf">Response to <span class=SpellE>Kouider</span>, et al.: which view is better supported by the evidence</a>.'&nbsp; Replies to <span class=SpellE>Kouider</span>, et. al. and Overgaard &amp; <span class=SpellE>Grunbaum</span>, <i>Trends in Cognitive Sciences</i>, Vol 16, No. 3, March, 2012</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>'<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Block_Overflow.pdf">Perceptual consciousness overflows cognitive access</a>'. <i><a href="http://www.cell.com/trends/cognitive-sciences/">Trends in Cognitive Sciences</a></i> <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364661311002221">December</a> 15, 12, 2011, p 567-575</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;text-autospace:none'><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>One of the most important issues concerning the foundations of conscious perception centers on the question of whether perceptual consciousness is rich or sparse. The overflow argument uses a form of 'iconic memory' to argue that perceptual consciousness is richer (i.e., has a higher capacity) than cognitive access: when observing a complex <span class=GramE>scene</span> we are conscious of more than we can report or think about. Recently, the overflow argument has been challenged both empirically and conceptually. This paper reviews the controversy, arguing that proponents of sparse perception are committed to the postulation of (<span class=SpellE>i</span>) a peculiar kind of generic conscious representation that has no independent rationale (for example, an image of a non-square rectangle that does not specify any orientation) and (ii) an unmotivated form of unconscious representation that in some cases conflicts with what we know about unconscious representation.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/HOPHOT.pdf">'The Higher Order Approach to Consciousness is Defunct</a>,' <i><a href="http://analysis.oxfordjournals.org/">Analysis</a></i>, Volume 71, No. 3, July 2011, 419-431. </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Argues that there is a well-known objection to the higher order approach to consciousness that, with a slight twist, is fatal.&nbsp; </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>David Rosenthal's reply: '<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Rosenthalreply.pdf">Exaggerated Reports: Reply to Block</a>' <i>Analysis</i> 71, 431-437</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Josh Weisberg's reply: '<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Weisbergreply.pdf">Abusing the notion of <span class=SpellE>what'it's</span>-like-ness: A response to Block</a>', <i>Analysis</i> 71, 438-443</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>My reply: '<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/ReplytoR&amp;W.pdf">Response to Rosenthal and Weisberg</a>' Analysis 71, 443-448</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/AnnaK.pdf">'The Anna Karenina Theory of the Unconscious</a>, in <i><a href="http://www.neuropsa.org.uk/journal/archive-journals"><span class=SpellE>Neuropsychoanalysis</span></a>, </i>2011, 13 (1)</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>The Anna Karenina Theory says: all conscious states are alike; each unconscious state is unconscious in its own way.&nbsp; This note argues that many components have to function properly to produce consciousness, but failure in any one of many different ones can yield an unconscious state in different ways.&nbsp; In that sense the Anna Karenina theory is true.&nbsp; But in another <span class=GramE>respect</span> it is false: kinds of unconsciousness depend on kinds of consciousness.&nbsp; This is a commentary on Heather Berlin's <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/BerlinTreatment.pdf">'The Neural Basis of the Dynamic Unconscious'</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/28/books/review/Block-t.html?_r=1&amp;ref=review&amp;pagewanted=all">'What was I Thinking</a>?' <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/28/books/review/Block-t.html?_r=1&amp;ref=review&amp;pagewanted=all">Review of Antonio Damasio</a>, <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=AuNjhF6HYIkC&amp;printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false">Self Comes to Mind</a>: <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Self-Comes-Mind-Constructing-Conscious/dp/0307378756/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&amp;ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1290808436&amp;sr=1-1">Constructing the Conscious Brain</a>, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/pages/books/index.html">New York Times Book Review</a>, November 28, 2010</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal>&nbsp;</p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>'<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Attention_MPaint.pdf">Attention and Mental Paint</a>', in <i><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/phis.2010.20.issue-1/issuetoc">Philosophical Issues</a> 20, </i>2010, p. 23-63</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Much of recent philosophy of perception is oriented towards accounting for the phenomenal character of perception, what it is like to perceive, in a non-mentalistic way, that is, without appealing to mental objects or mental qualities. In opposition to such views, I claim that the phenomenal character of perception of a red round object cannot be explained by or reduced to direct awareness of the object, its redness and <span class=SpellE>roundnessor</span> representation of such objects and qualities.&nbsp; Qualities of perception that are not captured by direct awareness of or representation of qualities of object are instances of what Gilbert Harman has called 'mental paint' (Harman, 1990, Block, 1990).&nbsp;&nbsp; The claim of this paper is that empirical facts about attention point in the direction of mental paint.&nbsp; The argument starts with the claim (later modified slightly) that when one moves one's attention around a scene while keeping one's eyes fixed, the phenomenology of perception can change in ways that do not reflect which qualities of objects one is directly aware of or the way the world is represented to be.&nbsp; These changes in the phenomenology of perception cannot be accounted for in terms of awareness of or representation of the focus of attention because they manifest themselves in experience as differences in apparent contrast, apparent color saturation, apparent size, apparent speed, apparent time of occurrence and other apparent properties.&nbsp; There is a way of coping with these phenomena in terms of vagueness or indeterminacy, but this move cannot save direct realism or representationism because the kind of vagueness or indeterminacy required clashes <span class=SpellE>wth</span> the phenomenology itself.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Ned Block and <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/~psk16/">Philip <span class=SpellE>Kitcher</span></a>, '<a href="http://bostonreview.net/BR35.2/block_kitcher.php">Misunderstanding Darwin</a>', <i>Boston Review, </i>March, 2010 review of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Fodor">Jerry Fodor</a> and <a href="http://dingo.sbs.arizona.edu/~massimo/">Massimo <span class=SpellE>Piattelli-Palmarini</span></a>, <a href="http://www.amazon.com/What-Darwin-Wrong-Jerry-Fodor/dp/0374288798/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;s=books&amp;qid=1266862711&amp;sr=8-1">What Darwin Got Wrong</a> </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://bostonreview.net/BR35.2/darwin_exchange.php">Reply by Fodor and <span class=SpellE>Piattelli-Palmarini</span></a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://bostonreview.net/BR35.2/darwin_exchange.php">Rejoinder by Block and <span class=SpellE>Kitcher</span></a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Theories_of_Consciousness.pdf">'Comparing the Major Theories of Consciousness</a>,' <i>The Cognitive Neurosciences <span class=GramE>IV<span style='font-style:normal'>,&nbsp; Michael</span></span></i> Gazzaniga (ed.) MIT Press, 2009</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Argues that the existence of the explanatory gap provides a reason to believe a biological account of consciousness rather than a global workspace account or a higher order account.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2008_Aristotsoc.pdf">'Consciousness and Cognitive Access',</a> <a href="http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121489070/PDFSTART">Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society</a>, 108, Issue 1 <span class=SpellE>pt</span> 3 (October 2008), p. 289-317.&nbsp;&nbsp; This is a much shorter version of the paper below, aimed more at</span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'> philosophers than scientists, and incorporating improved formulations and replies to some of the commentators listed below.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Block_BBS.pdf">'Consciousness, Accessibility and the Mesh between Psychology and Neuroscience,'</a><span style='color:black'> in </span><a href="http://www.bbsonline.org/perl/commentary/commproposal?authordir=Block-09282006.ACC"><i><span style='color:#15009D'>Behavioral and Brain Sciences</span></i></a><span style='color:black'> 30, 2007, 481-548, along with 32 commentaries (available <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Block_BBS.pdf">here</a>) by Balog,</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> Burge, Byrne Hilbert &amp; Siegel, Clark &amp; <span class=SpellE>Kiverstein</span>, Gopnik, <span class=SpellE>Grush</span>, Harman, <span class=SpellE>Hulme</span> &amp; Whitely, Izard Quinn &amp; Most, Jacob, <span class=SpellE>Kentridge</span>, Koch &amp; Tsuchiya, <span class=SpellE>Kouider</span>, <span class=SpellE>Gardelle</span> &amp; <span class=SpellE>Dupoux</span>, <span class=SpellE>Lamme</span>, Landman &amp; <span class=SpellE>Sligte</span>, Lau &amp; Persaud, <span class=SpellE>Laureys</span>, Levine, Lycan, <span class=SpellE>Malach</span>, McDermott, <span class=SpellE>Naccache</span> &amp; <span class=SpellE>Dehaene</span>, <span class=SpellE>O'Regan</span> &amp; <span class=SpellE>Myin</span>, Prinz, Rosenthal, <span class=SpellE>Sergent</span> &amp; Rees, Shanahan &amp; <span class=SpellE>Baars</span>, Snodgrass &amp; <span class=SpellE>Lepisto</span>, <span class=SpellE>Spener</span>, Tye and Van Gulick;&nbsp; and <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Block_BBS.pdf">author's replies</a>. &nbsp;<br> How can we disentangle the neural basis of phenomenal consciousness from the neural machinery of the cognitive access that underlies reports of phenomenal consciousness? &nbsp; We can see the problem in stark form if we ask how we could tell whether representations inside a <span class=SpellE>Fodorian</span> module are phenomenally conscious. &nbsp;The methodology would seem straightforward: find the neural natural kinds that are the basis of phenomenal consciousness in clear cases when subjects are completely confident and we have no reason to doubt their authority, and look to see whether those neural natural kinds exist within <span class=SpellE>Fodorian</span> modules. &nbsp;But a puzzle arises: do we include the machinery underlying reportability within the neural natural kinds of the clear cases? &nbsp;If the answer is 'Yes', then there can be no phenomenally conscious representations in <span class=SpellE>Fodorian</span> modules. &nbsp;But how can we know the answer? &nbsp;The suggested methodology requires an answer to the question it was supposed to answer! The paper argues for an abstract solution to the problem and exhibits a source of empirical data that is relevant, data that show that in a certain sense phenomenal consciousness overflows cognitive accessibility. &nbsp;The paper argues that we can find a neural realizer of this overflow if assume that the neural basis of phenomenal consciousness does not include the neural basis of cognitive accessibility and that this assumption is justified (other things equal) by the explanations it allows. </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Wittgenstein_Qualia.pdf"><span style='color:#1B009B'>'Wittgenstein and Qualia'</span></a><span style='color:black'>, <a href="http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/seriesbyseries.asp?ref=PHPZ"><i><span style='color:#1B009B'>Philosophical Perspectives</span></i></a> 21, 1, 2007: 73-115, edited by <a href="http://www.philosophy.ox.ac.uk/members/jhawthorne/index.htm"><span style='color:#1B009B'>John Hawthorne</span></a>. <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Block_Putnam.pdf">The version linked to here</a> is a substantially revised version that is coming out in a volume edited</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'> by Maria <span class=SpellE>Baghramian</span> in honor of Hilary Putnam as part of Oxford University Press's Mind Association Occasional Series </span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>Wittgenstein (in notes published first in 1968) </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>endorsed one kind of inverted spectrum hypothesis and rejected another. This paper argues that the kind of inverted spectrum hypothesis that Wittgenstein endorsed (the 'innocuous' inverted spectrum <span class=GramE>hypothesis)&nbsp; is</span> the thin end of the wedge that precludes a <span class=SpellE>Wittgensteinian</span> critique of the kind of inverted spectrum hypothesis he rejected (the 'dangerous' kind).&nbsp; The danger of the dangerous kind is that it provides an argument for qualia, where qualia are (for the purposes of this paper) contents of experiential states that cannot be fully captured in natural language.&nbsp; I will pinpoint the difference between the innocuous and dangerous scenarios that matters for the argument for qualia, give arguments in favor of the coherence and possibility of the dangerous scenario, and try to show that some standard arguments against inverted spectra are ineffective against the version of the dangerous scenario I will be advocating.&nbsp; I will also agree with what I think is Wittgenstein's position that the kind of inverted spectrum hypothesis he rejected lets qualia in the door.&nbsp; At one crucial point, I will rely on a less controversial version of an argument I gave in Block (1999).&nbsp; Wittgenstein's views provide a convenient starting point for a paper that is much more about qualia than about Wittgenstein.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/MaxBlackclean.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Max Black's Objection to Mind-Body Identity'</span></a><span style='color:black'>, in </span><a href="http://www.oup.com/uk/catalogue/?ci=9780199290581"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Oxford Studies in Metaphysics</span></i></a><span style='color:black'>, II, edited by </span><a href="http://philosophy.rutgers.edu/FACSTAFF/BIOS/zimmerman.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Dean Zimmerman</span></a><span style='color:black'> with replies by </span><a href="http://www-csli.stanford.edu/%7Ejohn/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>John Perry</span></a><span style='color:black'> and </span><a href="http://ase.tufts.edu/faculty-guide/faculty.asp?id=swhite01&amp;deptId=phil"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Stephen White</span></a><span style='color:black'>, </span><a href="http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/Philosophy/?view=usa"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Oxford University Press</span></a><span style='color: black'>, 2006, p. 3-</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>78.&nbsp; </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/whitereplytoblock.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>White's reply here</span></a><span style='color:black'>.&nbsp; </span><a href="http://www.oup.co.uk/pdf/0-19-929058-X.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Table of Contents</span></a><span style='color:black'> </span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/OSMTOC.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>here</span></a><span style='color:black'>. Also in </span><a href="http://www.as.ua.edu/philos/talter/"><span class=SpellE><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Torin</span></span><span style='color:#6D1E33'> Alter</span></a><span style='color:black'> and </span><a href="http://www.uni-bielefeld.de/philosophie/personen/walter/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Sven Walter</span></a><span style='color:black'> (eds.), </span><a href="http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/Philosophy/Mind/?view=usa&amp;ci=9780195171655"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge</span></i></a><span style='color:black'>, </span><a href="http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/Philosophy/?view=usa"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Oxford University Press</span></a><span style='color: black'>, 2006, 249-306. (Amusingly, the simultaneous OUP publications of this article were copy-edited by different copy-editors, leading to slightly different versions.) &nbsp; <br> The mind-body identity theorist says phenomenal property Q = brain property B.&nbsp;But in stating or thinking this identity claim, don't we have to have a further, unreduced, phenomenal property that serves as a mode of presentation of Q?&nbsp;This paper argues that this suspicion underlies both </span><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Cameron_Jackson"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Jackson's</span></a><span style='color:black'> </span><a href="http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qualia-knowledge/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Knowledge Argument</span></a><span style='color:black'> and the famous glimpse of an argument that </span><a href="http://www.arts.monash.edu.au/phil/department/smart/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>J. J. C. Smart</span></a><span style='color:black'> ascribed to </span><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Black"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Max Black</span></a><span style='color:black'>.&nbsp;The argument is presented, dissected and refuted</span>.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Representationism1.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Bodily Sensations as an Obstacle for Representationism'</span></a><span style='color:black'>, </span><a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&amp;tid=10689"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>in Pain: New Essays on Its Nature and the Methodology of Its Study</span></a><span style='color:black'>, edited by </span><a href="http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/maydede/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Murat <span class=SpellE>Aydede</span></span></a><span style='color:black'>, </span><a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/main/home/default.asp"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>MIT Press</span></a><span style='color:black'>, 2005, 137-142</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Review of Alva Noe<span style='color:black'>, <a href="http://ist-socrates.berkeley.edu/%7Enoe/action.html"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Action in Perception</span></i></a>, <a href="http://www.journalofphilosophy.org/"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>The Journal of Philosophy</span></i></a>, CII, 5, May 2005, 259-272. </span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/longerTiCS.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Two Neural Correlates of Consciousness'</span></a></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> This is a longer version of a paper in </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.trends.com/tics/"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Trends in Cognitive Sciences</span></i></a><span style='color:black'>, <span class=SpellE>vol</span> (9), 2, February 2005 The shorter published version is </span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/final_revised_proof.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>here</span></a><span style='color:black'>.&nbsp;This paper was the </span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/download.htm"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>top download</span></a><span style='color:black'> from the </span><a href="http://www.trends.com/tics/"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Trends in Cognitive Sciences</span></i></a><span style='color:black'> web site of&nbsp;2005 and was on </span><a href="http://info.sciencedirect.com/using/personalization/top25/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>ScienceDirect</span></a><span style='color:black'>'s list of the </span><a href="http://top25.sciencedirect.com/index.php?cat_id=3&amp;subject_area_id=18"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Top 25 Hottest Articles of January-March, 2005</span></a><span style='color:black'> in the category of Neuroscience.</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/BrainWise.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Review</span></a><span style='color:black'> (</span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/BrainWise1.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>or click here</span></a><span style='color:black'>) of </span><a href="http://philosophy.ucsd.edu/EPL/Pat.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Patricia Churchland's</span></a><span style='color:black'> </span><a href="http://www-mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?sid=5663C23D-5F28-4B0C-9C18-0BE1576EF1BF&amp;ttype=2&amp;tid=9188"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Brain-wise</span></i></a><span style='color:black'>,</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> <i>Science</i> 301, 2003, p. 1328</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/mentalpaint.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Mental Paint'</span></a><span style='color:black'> in </span><a href="http://www-mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/browse/browse.asp?btype=2&amp;cid=78"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Reflections and Replies</span></i></a><span style='color:black'>,</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'> a book of essays on </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyler_Burge"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Tyler Burge</span></a><span style='color:black'>, with replies by Burge, edited by Martin Hahn and Bjorn Ramberg and published by </span><a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/main/home/default.asp"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>MIT Press</span></a><span style='color:black'>, 2003. Here is </span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/burge.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Burge's reply to this paper</span></a><span style='color:black'> (perhaps slightly different from the published version).</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/CausalPowers.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;color:#6D1E33'>Do Causal Powers Drain Away?'</span></a><span style='color:black'> <i>Philosophy and Phenomenological Research</i> Vol. 67, No. 1 (July 2003), pp. 110-127, with a reply by <span class=SpellE>Jaegwon</span> Kim, </span><a href="http://ariel.ingentaselect.com/vl=1406165/cl=61/fm=dirpdf/nw=1/rpsv/cgi-bin/linker?infobike=/ips/ppr/2003/00000067/00000001/art00008&amp;infomagic=b28c1148229a089f87cb2bf9f0976d9b"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Blocking Causal Drainage and other Chores with Mental Causation'</span></a><span style='color:black'>.</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/hurleynoereply.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Spatial Perception via Tactile Sensation'</span></a><span style='color:black'>,</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'> (or </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&amp;_imagekey=B6VH9-48XDBRP-1-1&amp;_cdi=6061&amp;_orig=browse&amp;_coverDate=07/31/2003&amp;_sk=999929992&amp;view=c&amp;wchp=dGLbVzz-zSkWA&amp;_acct=C000000333&amp;_version=1&amp;_userid=30681&amp;md5=f435ae534b4d10a6130fe092cfd698c4&amp;ie=f.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>here</span></a><span style='color:black'>) </span><a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=JournalURL&amp;_cdi=6061&amp;_auth=y&amp;_acct=C000000333&amp;_version=1&amp;_urlVersion=0&amp;_userid=30681&amp;md5=636b7c87f0e4575a6646ab8a270741bf"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Trends in Cognitive Sciences</span></i></a><span style='color:black'> </span><a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&amp;_imagekey=B6VH9-48XDBRP-1-1&amp;_cdi=6061&amp;_orig=browse&amp;_coverDate=07/31/2003&amp;_sk=999929992&amp;view=c&amp;wchp=dGLbVzz-zSkWA&amp;_acct=C000000333&amp;_version=1&amp;_userid=30681&amp;md5=f435ae534b4d10a6130fe092cfd698c4&amp;ie=f.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Volume 7, Issue 7</span></a><span style='color:black'>, July 2003, Pages 285-286. This is a reply to Susan Hurley and Alva Noe, </span><a href="http://people.ucsc.edu/%7Eanoe/neuralplasticity.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Neural plasticity and consciousness'</span></a><span style='color:black'>. (Note: the journal incorrectly reversed the noun phrases in the title.) Hurley's and Noe's reply to me, </span><a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&amp;_imagekey=B6VH9-492W0F3-3-1&amp;_cdi=6061&amp;_orig=browse&amp;_coverDate=08/31/2003&amp;_sk=999929991&amp;view=c&amp;wchp=dGLbVtb-zSkWz&amp;_acct=C000000333&amp;_version=1&amp;_userid=30681&amp;md5=da8a23ab6d67803a9a9d7e1102933e94&amp;ie=f.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Neural plasticity and consciousness: Reply to Block'</span></a><span style='color:black'> from the August, 2003 issue.</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/harder.htm"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'The Harder Problem of Consciousness'</span></a><span style='color:black'>, <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/HarderProblem.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>PDF version</span></a>, from <a href="http://www.journalofphilosophy.org/"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>The Journal of Philosophy</span></i></a> XCIX, No. 8, August 2002, 1-35.</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> The version that came out in <i>The Journal of Philosophy</i> was shortened considerably because of space limitations in the journal. Some of the cuts have been restored in the version here. (This version appeared in </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.disputatio.com/"><span class=SpellE><i><span style='color: #6D1E33'>Disputatio</span></i></span></a><span style='color:black'> 15, November 2003.) For critiques, see Brian McLaughlin, </span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/consciousness/papers/McLaughlin.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'A Naturalist-Phenomenal Realist Response To Block's Harder Problem'</span></a><span style='color:black'>, <i>Philosophical Issues</i>, 13, (2003):163-204 (The version linked to here may be slightly different from the published version.), and Jakob <span class=SpellE>Hohwy</span>, </span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Hohwy.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Evidence, Explanation, and Experience: On the Harder Problem of Consciousness'</span></a><span style='color:black'> <i>Journal of Philosophy</i>, Volume CI, Number 5, May 2004 pp. 242-254 (Again, the version linked to here may be slightly different from the published version.)</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2002.concepts.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Concepts of Consciousness'</span></a></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> In <i>Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings</i>, David Chalmers (ed.) Oxford University Press, 2002.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Elsevier.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Paradox and Cross Purposes in Recent Work on Consciousness'</span></a><span style='color:black'>.</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> This is an expanded and revised version of a commentary on all the papers in a special issue of <i>Cognition</i> (April, 2001) on the state of the art in the neuroscience of consciousness. (The special issue has come out separately: Stan <span class=SpellE>Dehaene</span>, ed., </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?sid=00BE1525-18C2-4307-BF5E-DCEDED889116&amp;ttype=2&amp;tid=8595"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>The Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness</span></i></a><span style='color:black'>, M.I.T. Press, 2001) Two <span class=SpellE>philosophersan</span> Dennett and <span class=SpellE>I7ere</span> asked to comment on all the scientists' papers. (We both made some comments on <span class=SpellE>each others'</span> papers as well). Dennett's paper is available by clicking </span><a href="http://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/papers/cognition.fin.htm"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>here</span></a><span style='color:black'>. If you want to see the papers that Dennett and I commented on, see <i>Cognition</i>, Volume 79, Issues 1-2, Pages 1-237 (April 2001) </span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/BehaviorismRevisited.htm"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Behaviorism Revisited'</span></a><span style='color: black'>.</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> This is a comment on J. K. <span class=SpellE>O_Regan</span>. and Alva Noe, </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.bbsonline.org/Preprints/ORegan/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'A Sensorimotor Account of Vision and Visual Consciousness'</span></a><span style='color:black'> <i>The Behavioral and Brain Sciences</i> 2001 (24:5).</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1999_Sexism.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Sexism, Racism, Ageism and the Nature of Consciousness'</span></a><span style='color:black'>,</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'> in <i>The Philosophy of Sydney Shoemaker</i>, <i>Philosophical Topics</i>, 26, 1 and 2, 1999. Edited by Richard Moran, Jennifer Whiting, and Alan Sidelle.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/ExplanatoryGap.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Conceptual Analysis, Dualism and the Explanatory Gap'</span></a></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> (with Robert Stalnaker) <i>The Philosophical Review</i>, January, 1999.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1998.ppr.representing.pdf">'Is Experiencing Just Representing?'</a></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'> (in a symposium on Michael Tye in <i>Philosophy and Phenomenological Research</i>, September, 1998).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://intellectica.org/SiteArchives/archives/n31/31_05_Block.pdf">'How Not to Find the Neural Correlate of Consciousness' (i</a><span style='color:black'>n a volume of Royal Institute of Philosophy lectures edited by Anthony <span class=SpellE>O'Hear</span>, 1998 and republished as </span></span><i><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'>Comment ne pas <span class=SpellE>trouver</span> le <span class=SpellE>corrlat</span> neuronal de la conscience</span></i><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'> </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>in <span class=SpellE>Intellectica</span> 31, 2000).</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/AntiReductionism.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Anti-Reductionism Slaps Back'</span></a><span style='color:black'> Appeared</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'> in <i>Mind, Causation, World</i>, <i>Philosophical Perspectives</i> 11, 1997, 107-133.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1996.tins.pdf">'How can we find the neural correlate of consciousness?</a>', <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Trends in Neurosciences</i> 19, 11, 1996, 456-459.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Revised version from my <a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&amp;tid=11054">Collected Papers</a>, Volume 1, <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/2007.tins.revised.pdf">here.</a></span><span style='font-size:14.0pt'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1995_Function.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'On a Confusion about a Function of Consciousness'</span></a></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> <i>The Behavioral and Brain Sciences</i> 18, 2, 1995, 227-287. There is a corrected version of this article in Block, Flanagan and <span class=SpellE>G|zeldere</span>, </span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www-mitpress.mit.edu/book-home.tcl?isbn=0262522101"><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates</span></i></a><span style='color:black'> (</span><a href="http://www-mitpress.mit.edu/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>MIT Press</span></a><span style='color:black'>, 1997).&nbsp; There was a <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1997_Continuing.pdf">second round of critiques</a> by Joseph <span class=SpellE>Bogen</span>, Selmer <span class=SpellE>Bringsjord</span>, Derek Browne, David Chalmers, Denise Gamble, Daniel Gilman, <span class=SpellE>Gven</span> <span class=SpellE>Gzeldere</span> and Murat <span class=SpellE>Aydede</span>, Bruce Mangan, Alva Noe, Ernst <span class=SpellE>Poppel</span>, David Rosenthal, A.H.C. van der <span class=SpellE>Heijden</span>, P.T.W. Hudson and A.G. <span class=SpellE>Kurvink</span>.&nbsp; These critiques plus replies appeared in 1997<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1997_Continuing.pdf">:&nbsp; 'Biology versus computation in the study of consciousness'</a>, <i>Behavior and Brain Sciences</i> 20:1, 159-165, 1997</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/heritability.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'How Heritability Misleads about Race'</span></a></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> (<i>Cognition</i> 56, 1995: pp. 99-128).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>Shortened version of 'How Heritability Misleads about Race<a href="http://new.bostonreview.net/BR20.6/block.html">', 'Race, Genes and IQ'</a>, or <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1996.bostonreview.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>here</span></a> (<i>Boston Review</i>, 1996).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/HILLBK.html"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'What is Dennett's Theory a Theory of?'</span></a></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'> (<i>Philosophical Topics</i> 22, 1 and 2, 1994, pp. 23-40).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Ruritania.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'An Argument for Holism'</span></a><span style='color:black'>, in</span></span><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'> <i>Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society</i>, New Series, Vol XCIV, 1995, p.151-169.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black;background:yellow'>I can supply articles prior to 1995 that are not included here, if you send me an email.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>'<a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1991.epiphenomenalism.pdf">Evidence against Epiphenomenalism</a>', from Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 14, 1991</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>This is a comment on an article arguing for epiphenomenalism</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1989.Mind.World.pdf"><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Can the Mind Change the World?</span></a>&nbsp;In George S. <span class=SpellE>Boolos</span> (ed.),&nbsp;<a href="http://philpapers.org/rec/BOOMAM"><i><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Meaning and Method: Essays in Honor of Hilary Putnam</span></i></a>. Cambridge University Press. 1989, 137--170.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/mentalimagery.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Mental Pictures and Cognitive Science'</span></a><span style='color:black'> (<i>The Philosophical Review</i>, Volume 92, 4, Oct. 1983, pages 499-541.) Accessing this paper requires a password. The paper is available without the password from </span><a href="http://www.jstor.org/"><b><span style='color:#6D1E33'>JSTOR</span></b></a><span style='color:black'>, although you may not be able to get it without a university account or a paid subscription.</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Psychologism.htm"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'<span class=SpellE>Psychologism</span> and Behaviorism'</span></a><span style='color:black'>, <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Psychologism.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>PDF version</span></a>; from <i>The Philosophical Review</i> LXXXX, No. 1, January 1981, 5-43.</span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>'Troubles with Functionalism', <a href="http://philpapers.org/asearch.pl?pubn=Minnesota%20Studies%20in%20the%20Philosophy%20of%20Science"><i><span style='color:#0F34A9;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science</span></i></a> 9:261-325.&nbsp; <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1978.troubles.with.f.pdf">1978 scan</a>.&nbsp; <a href="http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/courses/mind/notes/block.html">Jim Pryor's notes</a>.&nbsp; In 1981, I divided the paper into two parts, a much expanded version of the part on what functionalism is, <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1981.whatisfunctionalism.pdf">here</a>.&nbsp; And the argument against the clarified functionalism, <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1981.Troubles.pdf">here.</a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1981.Troubles.pdf">&nbsp;<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>&nbsp;</span></a></span></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1978.Dificultades.pdf"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>&nbsp;Spanish version: '</span>Las <span class=SpellE>Dificultades</span> Del <span class=SpellE>Funcionalismo</span>'<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration: none;text-underline:none'> </span></a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif; color:black'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Globe.pdf">Review<span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> of Julian Jaynes, </span><i><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline: none'>The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, </span></i><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Boston Globe, March, 6, 1977, p. A17</span></a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1981.Troubles.pdf"><span class=SpellE><span class=GramE><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration: none;text-underline:none'>N.Block</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> &amp; <span class=SpellE>J.A.Fodor</span>, '</span>What Psychological States are Not<span style='color:windowtext; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>'.&nbsp; The Philosophical Review 81, 2, 1972: p. 159-181.&nbsp; Spanish version:&nbsp; </span>Lo Que No Son Los <span class=SpellE>Estados</span> <span class=SpellE>Psicolgicos</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>&nbsp;</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:18.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:black'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1981.Troubles.pdf"><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>&nbsp;</span><b><span style='color:#003300;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Articles in Handbooks or Encyclopedias</span></b><span style='color:#003300;text-decoration: none;text-underline:none'> </span></a></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1994.consciousness.pdf"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>'</span>Consciousness<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>', in S. <span class=SpellE>Guttenplan</span> (<span class=SpellE>ed</span>), A Companion to Philosophy of Mind, Blackwell: Oxford, 1994</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1978.Dificultades.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Consciousness'</span><span style='color:black; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>(in R. Gregory (ed.) </span><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Oxford Companion to the Mind</span></i><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, second edition 2004<span class=GramE>)&nbsp; <u><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Russian</span></u></span></span><span style='color:#6D1E33'> version here</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Globe.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Qualia'</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration: none;text-underline:none'> (in R. Gregory (ed.) </span><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Oxford Companion to the Mind</span></i><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, second edition, 2004)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1972.blockfodorspanish.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Consciousness'</span><span style='color:black; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> (in </span><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science</span></i><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, edited by Lynn Nadel. New York, NY, Nature Publishing Group, 2003.)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1998.holism.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Holism, Mental and Semantic'</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> (in <i>The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1998</i>)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1998.CRS.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Semantics, Conceptual Role'</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> (in <i>The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1998</i>)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/functionalism.encyc.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'What is Functionalism?'</span><span style='color:black; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> (a revised version of the entry on functionalism in <i>The Encyclopedia of Philosophy Supplement</i>, Macmillan, 1996)</span></a>.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/GregoryRussian.jpg">Russian translation</a>. <a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/what.functionalism.pdf">Expanded version</a> from Readings in Philosophy of Psychology, Volume 1, Harvard University Press, 1980<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/msb.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'The Mind as the Software of the Brain'</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> (</span><i>An Invitation to Cognitive Science</i><span style='color:black;text-decoration: none;text-underline:none'>, edited by D. <span class=SpellE>Osherson</span>, L. <span class=SpellE>Gleitman</span>, S. <span class=SpellE>Kosslyn</span>, E. Smith and S. Sternberg, MIT Press, 1995)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1994.qualia.pdf"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>'Qualia'</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration: none;text-underline:none'> from S. <span class=SpellE>Guttenplan</span> (<span class=SpellE>ed</span>) </span><i><span style='color:#6D1E33'>A Companion to Philosophy of Mind</span></i><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>, Blackwell: Oxford</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-size:18.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#003300'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/MentalSemanticHolism.html"><span style='color:#003300;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Courses</span><span style='color:#003300;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline: none'> </span></a></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><a name=Undergrad></a><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/ConceptualRoleSemantics.html"><i><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:windowtext; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Undergraduate</span></i></a></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:16.0pt'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/consciousness2017/">Consciousness</a>, Fall 2017<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/functionalism.pdf"><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:windowtext; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Minds &amp; Machines, </span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Spring 2017</span></a></p> <p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><a name=Grad></a><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/m&amp;m2017/"><i><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:windowtext; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Graduate</span></i></a></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/perception2018/">Philosophy of Perception</a>, with Ian Phillips, Spring 2018<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/book.asp?ref=0631199969">The Perception/Cognition Border<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'> with Eric Mandelbaum, Fall 2016</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/book.asp?ref=0631199969">The Perception/Cognition Border<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>, with Eric Mandelbaum, Fall 2014</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/m&amp;m2011/">Conceptual and Empirical Issues about Perception, Attention and Consciousness<span style='color:windowtext; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> Spring 2011 (with David </span>Carmel<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/consciousness2010/">Seminar on Mind &amp; Language<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>, Spring 2010 (joint CUNY course with </span>Jesse Prinz<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/consciousness2010/">Philosophical and Empirical Issues about Consciousness<span style='color:windowtext; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, Fall 2008 (joint Columbia/NYU course with </span>Hakwan Lau<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration: none;text-underline:none'>)</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/perception2016/">Consciousness, Action and Attention<span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>, Spring 2008</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><a href="http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/courses/perception2014/"><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Percepts and Concepts</span><span style='color:black; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, <i>Fall 2005</i> (with Michael <span class=SpellE>Strevens</span>)<br> </span><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Research Seminar on Language and Mind: Consciousness</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline: none'>, <i>Spring 2005</i> (with Thomas Nagel)<br> </span><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Advanced Introduction to Philosophy of Mind</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, <i>Fall 2003</i><br> </span><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Philosophy of Mind: Consciousness</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, <i>Fall 2001</i><br> </span><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Research Seminar on Language and Mind: Consciousness</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline: none'>, <i>Spring 2000</i> (with Thomas Nagel)<br> </span><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Research Seminar on Language and Mind: Concepts</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline: none'>, <i>Spring 1998</i> (with Paul Boghossian)<br> </span><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Research Seminar on Language and Mind: Consciousness</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline: none'>, <i>Spring 1997</i> (with Thomas Nagel)<br> </span><span style='color:#6D1E33'>Metaphysics: Causation</span><span style='color:black;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>, <i>Fall 1997</i> (with Hartry Field) </span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; 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