This seminar will survey recent work on knowledge and the verb “to know”.
The focus will be on the relation of knowledge to mental states and the evidence a subject possesses, as well as on roles knowledge might play in psychological explanation, assertion, and practical reasoning. We will also evaluate classic contextualism in epistemology and recent alternatives to the view.
In the last two sessions of the course, the focus will switch to issues concerning the acquisition of justification through inference. I’ll present work in progress concerning epistemological objections to theories of content, and dogmatism in the theory of perceptual justification.
September 9. Introductory Session
• Sessions 2-6: Knowledge and Its Limits
September 16. Knowledge and the Mental
Williamson, chapter 1, chapter 2 (sections 1-3 only)
Unger, Ignorance, chapter 4
September 23. Knowledge, the Mental, and Action
Williamson, chapter 2 (section 4 only), chapter 3
Kaplan, "Who Cares What You Know?"
Yablo, "Causal Relevance"
Magnus and Cohen, "Williamson on Knowledge and Psychological Explanation"
Kvanvig, The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding, chapter 1
Wedgwood, "Internalism Explained"
September 30. Skepticism and Access to Evidence
Williamson, chapter 4 (sections 1-3 only), chapter 8
Brueckner and Oreste Fiocco, "Williamson's Anti-Luminosity Argument"
Neta and Rohrbaugh, "Luminosity and the Safety of Knowledge"
Conee, "The Comforts of Home"
Comesaña, "Unsafe Knowledge"
October 7. Evidence
Williamson, chapter 9
October 14. Assertion
Williamson, chapter 11
• Sessions 7-12: Knowledge and Lotteries
October 21. The Puzzle and Closure
Hawthorne, chapter 1
October 28. Skepticism
Schaffer, “Skepticism, Contextualism, and Discrimination”
November 4. Some Arguments for Contextualism
November 11. Some Arguments against Contextualism
Schiffer, “Contextualist Solutions to Skepticism”
November 18. Subject-Sensitive Invariantism
Hawthorne, pp. 141-149 and chapter 4
December 2. Relativism
Richard, "Contextualism and Relativism"
Sessions 13-14: Transmission of Warrant
December 9. Dogmatism
White, “Some Problems for Dogmatism”
Wright, “Anti-Skeptics: Simple and Subtle”
December 14. The McKinsey Problem
Davies, “The Problem of Armchair Knowledge”
Wright, “Some Reflections on the Acquisition of Warrant by Inference”