Medieval Art Forum

Welcome to the Medieval Art Forum!  The Forum presents opportunities for discussion and exchange on topics of current interest to medieval art study.  All media, all periods, and all approaches are represented. Curatorial and conservation issues are also on the agenda, so as to take advantage of the exceptional resources of New York’s medieval collections, particularly those of the Metropolitan Museum, and of the Institute’s Conservation Center.  Events include traditional lectures and symposia, but the Forum organizes also discussions around pre-circulated papers, round tables with guest scholars, and works-in-progress.  Most of our events meet in the Institute’s seminar room, although the Forum’s collaborations with New York University’s Medieval and Renaissance Center (MARC) will occasionally bring events to NYU’s Washington Square campus.

Schedule

Tuesday, January 29, 2019, 6:00pm
Series: Medieval Art Forum
Speaker: Professor Alison Locke Perchuk, Associate Professor, California State University-Channel Islands, and Member (2018-2019), Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton
Title: Landscape Sanctified: Topographic Miracles in the Art of Medieval Italy

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Abstract: Medieval Latin Christianity harbored at its core a paradox in terms of the presence of the sacred in the world. On the one hand, the natural world and all it contains were God’s creation; in this sense divinity inhered within. On the other hand, specific locations were constituted as nodes of concentrated sanctity, primarily through human activities that summoned, witnessed, or were abetted by the divine. Processes of Christianization are typically understood through this latter anthropological lens: the arrival of holy persons, the teaching of Christian history and principles, the construction and embellishment of churches and related structures. As recent research in history, literature, and art history has shown, ecological considerations were also very much present in representational strategies, sites, and materials. This talk explores the exchange between humans and nature in the sanctification of the Italian peninsula using as a heuristic the miracles presented in the Dialogues of Pope Gregory I (d. 604), one of the most widely distributed texts of the early Middle Ages. The talk highlights the ways in which this text harbors traces of an ecological understanding of sanctity and examines the translation of that understanding into the representational art of medieval Italy, primarily wall paintings, manuscript illuminations, and architectural sculpture. The talk centers around two case studies that themselves express this tension: the life of Saint Benedict and miracles involving water and fish.

Thursday, April 18th, 2019, 6:00pm
Series: Medieval Art Forum
Title: Chartres Cathedral Restored: A Round-Table Discussion
Abstract: Details TBD

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Archive

Tuesday, November 13, 2018
Series: Medieval Art Forum
Speaker: Michele Tomasi, Professor of Medieval Art, Université de Lausanne
Title: "Cultural Transfer and Artistic Emulation: Rinaldino di Francia, the Lupi Chapel (Padua), and Sculpted Altarpieces in Trecento Italy"

Abstract: The Franciscan basilica of Sant’Antonio in Padua is known above all for its architecture and its pictorial cycles. The sculptural decoration of the monument has been much less studied. Among the overlooked works is the altarpiece carved in 1379 by Rainaldino di Francia for the altar of the chapel of San Giacomo, founded by the Lupi family, and of which there are now four original statues in the Museo Antoniano. According to the contract, the altarpiece had to follow the model of the one existing on the main altar.

Rainaldino’s work has to be considered in the complex history of fourteenth-century Italian sculpted altarpieces. This lecture shows how the first marble altarpieces were created, not coincidentally, for patrons of French culture, and how the spread of this typology was then favored by a game of emulation or rivalry within the Dominican and Franciscan orders, and how the genre transformed by constant comparison with its pictorial equivalents. The Rainaldino altarpiece will thus be the starting point for a broader reflection on patronage, cultural transfer and artistic exchanges in Trecento Italy.

Photo Caption: Rainaldino di Francia, sculptures from Sant’Antonio, Padua (photo: M. Tomasi)

Wednesday, October 17, 2018
Series: Medieval Art Forum
Speaker: Leslie Bussis Tait, Educator for Museum Teaching,
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Title: "Romanesque Art in the United States: Collecting, Display, Reception"

Abstract: The acquisition of Romanesque art by American collectors and museums was most active in the early decades of the twentieth century. Early collectors such as Isabella Stewart Gardner, J. Pierpont Morgan, George Grey Barnard, and Arthur Kingsley Porter were influenced by their exposure to European monuments and the desire to establish a cultural equivalence in the United States. Parallel to the growth of U.S. museums, major universities fostered the scholarship of medieval art, with Meyer Schapiro writing the first dissertation in the U.S. on a Romanesque topic. The exhibition of architectural fragments in a contextual setting, such as The Cloisters, as well as increasingly ambitious museum exhibitions brought Romanesque art to broader audiences. No longer limited to Americans who were able to travel abroad, Romanesque art now displayed in the U.S. would have a profound impact on generations of scholars, students and artists through to the present day.

April 4, 2018
Series: Medieval Art Forum
Speaker: William J. Diebold, Jane Neuberger Goodsell Professor of Art History, Reed College
Title: Displaying ‘German Greatness’ in Nazi Germany: The Middle Ages in the Exhibition 'Deutsche Größe' (1940-1942) and its Legacy

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Abstract: Although it is not well known, the cultural-historical exhibition Deutsche Größe (“German Greatness” or “Grandeur”) was the most important museum display of the Nazi era. The show’s subject was the history of Germany from the early Middle Ages until the assumption of power by Adolf Hitler. Deutsche Größe was supported at the highest levels of the Nazi Party and its presentation of history was frankly ideological, but the show expressed that ideology through a series of ambitious and innovative display techniques. This lecture presents the exhibition, describes how it came about, and how it worked to shape an understanding of history that would serve Nazi goals. Special attention is paid to Deutsche Größe’s display of the art and culture of the Middle Ages, an area of history that was especially fraught and problematic for the National Socialists, and to the legacy of Deutsche Größe in several more recent German museum exhibitions (ranging in date from 1977 to 2006).

February 7, 2018
Speaker: Lucretia Kargère, Conservator, The Cloisters, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Title: “Romanesque Polychrome Wood Sculptures: A New Wave of Technical Studies in Europe”

December 7, 2017
Speaker: Manuel Castiñeiras, Professor and Chair, Department of Art and Music, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Samuel H. Kress Senior Fellow, 2017-18, CASVA, National Gallery of Art
Title: “From Spain to Italy: Myths as identity for Emerging Powers in the Medieval Mediterranean (11th-13th centuries)”

September 27, 2017
Speaker: Martha Easton, The Material Collective
Title: “The Most Extraordinary Art Museum in the World”: Inventing Medievalism at the Hammond Castle Museum in Gloucester, Massachusetts”

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March 27th, 2017
Speaker: Professor Jean-Marie Guillouët, Université de Nantes

January 25th, 2017
The Paul Lott Lecture presents the inaugural talk of the Institute's Medieval Art Forum 
Speaker: Charles T. Little, Curator, Department of Medieval Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art
Title: “The Art of Ivory in the Carolingian World: Assessing and Reassessing the Canon"

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