Information for J-1 Students
J-1 regulations distinguish minor procedural violations from substantive violations. The exchange visitor program sponsor can correct minor violations, but a substantive violation requires an application to the U.S. Department of State for reinstatement. The most severe violations lead to automatic termination of J-1 status.
Minor Errors and Violations
Minor errors or violations include:
- applying for an extension of stay after the DS-2019 expires,
- when caused by administrive delay or oversight, failing to complete the transfer from one exchange visitor program to another, and
- applying for employment authorization after the DS-2019 expires.
After reviewing the request, the program sponsor can issue a new DS-2019 that corrects the J-1 record and extends the student's stay unless:
- the request is made more than 120 days after the DS-2019 expires or 120 days after the infraction takes place, whichever is earlier,
- the student has willfully failed to maintain adequate health insurance,
- the request involves a change in the original program objective,
- the student has failed to maintain a full course of study, or
- the student has previously violated J-1 regulations.
Substantive Violations and Reinstatement
Students must apply to the U.S. Department of State for reinstatement if they fail to:
- enroll as full-time students without authorization from the exchange visitor program sponsor, or
- seek a correction of the record within 120 days of committing the violation.
J-1 students may apply for reinstatement only if the violation occured as a result of circumstances beyond their control. Application approval is not guaranteed.
To apply students must submit to the program sponsor:
- a written statement explaining the circumstances beyond their control that necessitates the request for reinstatement,
- financial documentation,
- copies of all previously issued forms DS-2019, and
- a check for $246 payable to "NYU"
The program sponsor makes the necessary changes in SEVIS, writes a supporting letter explaining the violation and requesting the student's reinstatement, and mails it with the documents provided by the student to the U.S. Department of State. If the application is approved, the program sponsor issues the student a new DS-2019.
Students may not be employed while out of status.
Violations Leading to Automatic Termination
The U.S. Department of State will not reinstate students who:
- fail to maintain required health inurance coverage,
- engage in unauthorized employment,
- are suspended or terminated from their academic program,
- fail to maintain their original program objective,
- have been out of status for more than 270 days, or
- receive a recommendation for a waiver of the two-year home residence requirement.