All international students and scholars are required to report to the U.S. tax service (known as the Internal Revenue Service) each year — even if they did not work during the prior year. You will not necessarily need to pay taxes; but you must at least report your presence in the U.S. This is a legal requirement.
Although OGS staff cannot advise on tax issues, we hope to give you basic information here as a helpful starting point.
If you first arrived in the U.S. on or after January 1, 2015 and if you were not present in the U.S. at all during 2014, you currently have no tax filing obligations — but you will need to file next year, so check back then on what to do.
If you were present in the U.S. for even one day during 2014 you have tax filing obligations. Keep reading for when, what and how to file.
The earliest we recommend you file your taxes is February 1 as the government updates their forms each year and these new forms are only ready in late January. The tax filing deadline to file is April 15. If you are unable to file your forms by that due date, you must submit an Application for Automatic Extension of Time to File Your Tax Return Form 4868 to the Internal Revenue Service.
(Note: You may not have or need some of these; this is a list of all the documents you might need.)
NYU has purchased GTP software to help you fulfil your tax obligations. GTP will ask you a series of questions and will use your answers to fill in all necessary U.S. government tax forms for you. It will also inform you of any tax treaty benefits that may apply to you. As soon as the link is available, it will be posted on this page, so check back in mid to late February. You can then follow these steps once the link is active:
1. Log into GTP with your NYU net ID and password. If your NYU Net ID is not active, first visit https://start.nyu.edu. If you are still having difficulty activating your account, then contact AskITS@nyu.edu.
2. Answer the questions in GTP. Once submitted, GTP will determine your tax return filing requirements.
3. Print the forms GTP generates. Review, sign and mail them no later than April 15. Note: non-resident taxes cannot be submitted electronically; GTP will tell you the mailing address to use.
4. If GTP determines that you are a resident for U.S.tax purposes, it will not generate your tax forms. You should file resident tax returns — the same thing U.S. citizens do. Resources for this include:
GTP will have helped you figure this out. Note that U.S. income includes earned wages, as well as some non-NYU scholarships, stipends, prizes, awards, winnings, etc.
Note: State taxes may have different residency guidelines then U.S. taxes
For most students and scholars the advice on this page is enough to successfully file their taxes. But if you have further questions or complex tax circumstances you may want to contact one of the companies listed.
Call 212-268-2038 and ask to schedule an appointment and identify yourself as foreign national.
Call 310-440-5557 or email Gary@englercpa.com to schedule a time to meet. Again, this is not a free service. You can also visit http://www.englercpa.com/international.html for more non-resident tax information.
Sprintax is an online software that allows you to file your state tax return as a nonresident. NYU has purchased codes which allow you discounted access. Check back for a link on how to file with Sprintax in mid-February.
The United States has over 50 tax treaties with different countries. The treaties vary in terms of the benefits they offer to students, the types of income covered, the total amount of the exemption, and the number of years you could claim the benefit. If you file your tax forms with a tax software, the software will automatically factor in any benefit offered through a tax treaty with your country.
For more information on tax treaties, including a list of the countries that the United States has tax treaties with, see IRS Publication 901, U.S. Tax Treaties. Note that tax treaties vary in their implications for state taxes.
For more detailed information on filing taxes, visit our tax pages for students and scholars.
Form 1040NR-EZ Instructions
Form 1040NR Instructions
Form 4868 Application for Automatic Extension of Time to File Taxes
Form W-7 Application for Individual Taxpayer ID Number
Form 8233 Exemption from Withholding on Compensation
Form 8233 Instructions
Form 843 Request for Refund or Abatement
Publication 4011 Foreign Student and Scholar Volunteer Resource Guide
Publication 515 Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens
Publication 519 United States Tax Guide for Aliens
Publication 901 United States Tax Treaties
Form IT-201 New York resident tax form
Form IT-203 New York non-resident tax form
Form IT-370 NY application for extension of time to file your tax return
NJ-1040 New Jersey resident tax form
NJ-1040NR New Jersey nonresident tax form
New Jersey Application for Extension of Time to File