Glossary of Terms

Acid-Free Paper Paper made from pulp containing little or no acid so it
resists deterioration from age. Also called archival paper.
Author's Alteration “AA’s” Any change made by the customer after sending
files to the printer.
Basis Weight In the U.S. and Canada, the weight in pounds, of a ream
(500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called
ream weight and substance weight (sub weight).
In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams,
of one square meter of paper. Also called grammage
and ream weight.
Bleed Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after
Blueline Prepress proof where all colors show as blue images
on white paper. Blueline is a generic term for proofs
made from a variety of materials having similar appearances
that may also be called blueprint, position proof,
silverprint, Dylux and VanDyke.
Bond Paper Paper treated under pressure to assure uniformity
and reduce fiber loss. Frequently confused with
watermarked paper.
Camera-Ready Copy Mechanicals, photographs and art that are fully prepared
for reproductions according to the technical requirements
of the printing process being used.
CMYK Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black),
the process colors.
Coated Paper Paper with a coating of clay and other substances that
improves the reflectivity and ink holdout.
Cockle Finish Slightly puckered surface on bond paper.
Comb Bind To bind by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb
through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper.
Contract Proof Any proof that the consumer considers final, OK to print.
Cover Paper Category of thick paper used for products such as posters,
menus, folders, and covers.
Crop Marks Lines near the edges of an image indicating portions
to be reproduced. Also called cut marks and tic marks.
Crossover Type of art that continues from one page of a book or
magazine across the gutter to the opposite page.
Also called bridge and gutter jump.
Deckle Edge Edge of paper left ragged as it comes from the
papermaking machine instead of being cleanly cut.
Also called feather edge.
Die Cut To cut irregular shapes in paper or paperboard using a die.
Dull Finish Flat (not glossy) finish on coated paper.
Dummy Simulation of the final product. Also called mock-up.
Duotone Black and white photograph reproduced using two halftone
negatives each shot to emphasize different tonal values in
the originals.
Emboss To press an image into paper so it lies above the surface also
called cameo and tool.
Engraving Printing method using a plate, also called a die, with an
image cut into its surface.
Estimate Price that states what a job will probably cost. Also called
a bid or quotation.
Felt Finish Soft woven pattern that simulates feltcloth.
Fine Papers Papers made specifically for writing and printing.
Finish 1. Surface characteristics of paper. 2. General term for
trimming, folding, binding and all other postpress operations.
Foil Stamp Method of printing that releases foil from its backing
when stamped with the heated die. Also called block print.
Font Complete assortment of uppercase and lowercase characters,
numerals, punctuation and other symbols of one typeface.
Format Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or
printed product.
For Position Only Refers to inexpensive or low resolution images used to
indicate placement and scaling, but not intended for reproduction.
Abbreviated FPO.
Gloss Finish Shiny finish on photographic paper or coated printing paper.
Graduated Screen Tint Screen tint that changes densities gradually and smoothly,
not in distinct steps. Also called degrade, gradient,
ramped screen and vignette.
Gray Scale Strip of gray values, ranging from white to black, used to
calibrate exposure times for film and plates. Also called step wedge.
Hairline Subjective term referring to very small space, thin line or
close register.
Halftone A photograph or continuous-tone illustration that has been
converted to dots for reproduction.
Hard Copy/Proof Type and images on paper or proofing material.
Image Trap Slight overlapping of images to ensure they appear registered.
Imposition Arrangement of pages so they will appear in proper
sequence after press sheets are folded and bound.
Imprint To print new copy on a previously printed sheet, such as
imprinting an employee’s name on business cards. Also called surprint.
Integral Proof Color proof of separations shown on one piece of proofing paper.
Also called laminate proof.
Job Lot Paper Paper that didn’t meet specifications when produced,
has been discontinued, or for other reasons is no longer considered first quality.
Job Ticket Form used to specify the production schedule of a job and
the materials and processes it needs. Also called docket, production order and work order.
JPEG A name for a kind of computer image file, abbreviation
for Joint Photographic Experts Group. Also called JPG.
Kerning Adjusting space between pairs of letters to make them appear
better fitted.
Keylines Lines on a mechanical or negative showing the exact size,
shape and location of photographs or other graphic elements.
Also called holding lines.
Kiss Die Cut Die cut through face materials but not backing.
Knockout Alternate term for reverse. See also Reverse.
Laid Finish Watermarked finish on which grids of parallel lines simulate the
surface of handmade paper.
Laser Bond Bond paper made especially smooth and dry to run well
through laser printers.
Laser-Imprintable Ink Ink that will not fad or blister as the paper on which it is
printed is used in a laser printer.
Legacy Materials Art, film or files from previous print jobs for incorporating into
a new job.
Line Copy Any high-contrast image, including type.
Linen Finish Embossed finish that simulates the pattern of linen cloth.
Mailing Service Business that addresses, sorts and bundles mailings according
to USPS standards.
Matte Finish Flat (not glossy) finish on photographic paper.
Mechanical Camera-ready assembly of type, graphics and other copy
complete with instructions to the printer. Also called an
artboard and pasteup.
Native File File still in the application in which it was originally created.
NCR Paper Abbreviation for No Carbon Required paper, a brand name
for carbonless paper.
Offset Printing Printing technique that transfers ink from a plate to a press
blanket and then to paper instead of directly from a plate to paper.
Overlay Proof Color proof consisting of clear plastic sheets laid on top of one
another with their images in register. Also called layered proof.
Overrun Print quantity delivered that is more than the total ordered.
Page One side of a leaf in a publication.
Page Count Total number of pages that a publication has. Also called extent.
Page Proof Proof of type and graphics as they will look on the finished page
complete with elements such as headings, rules, and folios.
Pantone® Color ink matching system for commercial printing. Also called PMS.
Proof Test sheet made to reveal errors or flaws, predict results on
press and record how a printing job is intended to appear when finished.
Quality Subjective term relating to expectations by the customer, printer
and other professionals associated with a printing job and
whether the job meets those expectations.
Quotation Price offered by a printer to produce a specific job.
Ream 500 sheets of paper.
Recycled Paper New paper made entirely or in part from previously used
Resolution Ability of a device to record or reproduce a sharp image.
Reverse Type images reproduced by printing ink around their outline,
thus allowing the underlying color of paper to show through
and form the image.
Roman Type Style considered normal for a given typeface.
Rule  Line used as a graphic element to separate or organize copy.
Saddle Stitch To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the
spine. Also called pamphlet stitch, saddle wire and stitch bind.
Score To compress paper along a straight line so it folds more easily
and accurately. Also called crease.
Screen Font Font produced to appear on a computer monitor, but not
on a printer.
Screen Ruling Number of rows or lines of dots per inch or centimeter
in a screen for making a screen tint or halftone. Also called
a line count, screen frequency, screen size and screen value.
Screen Tint Color created by dots instead of solid ink coverage.
Also called fill pattern, shading, tint & tone.
Screw & Post Bind To bind using a bolt that screws into a post. Bolts and matching
posts are available in lengths ranging up to 3 inches.
Side Stitch To bind by stapling through sheets along one edge. Also
called cleat stitch and side wire.
Specifications Complete and precise written description of features of
a printing job. Abbreviation specs.
Spiral Bind To bind using a spiral of continuous wire or plastic looped through
holes. Also called coil bind.
Spot Color Any color created by printing only one ink. Also called flat
color. See Pantone®.
Tagged Image File Format Computer file format used to store images from scanners and
video devices. Abbreviated TIFF and TIF.
Thermography Method of printing using colorless resin powder that takes
on the color of underlying ink. Also called raised printing.
Tracking Adjusting space between all letters to make them fit.
Typeface Font identified by a name such as Helvetica or Times.
Type Style Characteristic such as bold, italic or roman.
Uncoated Paper Paper that has not been coated with clay. Also called offset
UV Coating Liquid applied to a printed sheet, then bonded and cured
with ultraviolet light.
Varnish Liquid applied as a coating for protection and appearance.
Vellum Finish Somewhat rough, toothy finish on paper.
Warm Colors Yellows, oranges and reds.
Watermark Translucent logo in bond paper created during manufacture.
Wove Finish Somewhat smooth, slightly patterned finish on bond paper.