Dr. Van P.
NYUCD has received
a $5.9 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial
Research (NIDCR) to develop guidelines that will make it possible
to use basic materials’ properties to accurately predict the
long-term clinical performance of new aesthetic dental materials.
Collaborating with NYU on this initiative are physicists,
engineers, materials scientists, statisticians, and clinicians from
the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Princeton University,
the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Maryland
at Baltimore, and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New
Jersey (UMDNJ), as well as corporations including Vita Zhanfabrik,
H Rauter GmbH and Co KG, Ivoclar, Vivadent AG, Corning Incorporated,
St. Gobain Advanced Ceramics Desmarquest, Dentsply Ceramco, and
Theries, Inc. Dr. Dianne Rekow, Professor of Basic Science and Craniofacial
Biology and of Orthodontics and Director of Translational Research,
is the grant’s principal investigator.
This award represents phase two of a study that
Dr. Rekow and her co-principal investigator, Dr. Van P. Thompson,
Professor and Chairman of the Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics
and Acting Chairman of the Department of Cariology and Operative
Dentistry, have led for the past seven years with the goal of developing
a fundamental understanding of damage initiation and accumulation
in all-ceramic dental crowns.
The current goal is to develop a rational design
that will yield a damage-tolerant structure that can withstand microcracks
within a layer of materials without sacrificing the structural integrity
of the system. These efforts to enhance machinability and performance
of ceramics are expected to culminate in guidelines for improved
product development and subsequent benefits for patients, dentists,