Publications > Academic Bulletin > Periodontology and Implant Dentistry
Periodontology and Implant Dentistry
Chair: Peter Loomer, DDS, PhD
Mission: The mission of the Department of Periodontics at
NYUCD is to: 1) Educate and train pre-doctoral and post-graduate students
within the framework of contemporary periodontics, 2) Provide optimal,
comprehensive periodontal care for the highly-diverse population of
the New York City region, with rigorous quality assurance and patient
satisfaction, 3) Promote scholarly activity that reaches regional,
national and international audiences, 4) Engage in clinical- and laboratory-based
research, and 5) Promote and encourage our graduates to enter academic
dentistry to address the current shortage of periodontics faculty.
In fulfilling this mission, the long-term goal of the Department is
recognition as one of the leading programs in periodontics through
outstanding educational programs, excellence in patient care, research,
Created from the Departments of Periodontics and Implant Dentistry, it represented
a natural fusion of two highly acclaimed departments. The Department of Periodontology
was created in 1924, and was the first undergraduate department devoted exclusively
to periodontics to be established in a dental college in this country. In 1927,
postgraduate instruction was introduced, and years later the department pioneered
in giving postgraduate courses in the Spanish language. From 1928, the department
continued to progress to a point where it represented one of the leading departments
of its kind in the country, exemplified during this period by one of its most
illustrious chairmen, Dr. Samuel Charles Miller (1934), author of the classic
Textbook of Periodontia, which had three editions (1938, 1945, and 1950). In
1950, the department’s name was changed to the Department of Periodontia
and Oral Medicine, presaging current efforts to integrate medicine and dentistry.
Currently, the department includes approximately 40 full- and part-time faculty
members equally divided between the D.D.S. and postgraduate programs.
The Arthur Ashman Department of Implant Dentistry was founded in 1991 with three
Fellows. In 1993 the International Program was established and has grown rapidly.
At present the department has trained 122 international trained dentists from
26 countries along with 54 Fellows. In fact, the department has the largest implant-training
Today, the International Program’s average combined class size (first-
and second-year residents) is approximately 37 per year along with approximately
six Fellows. Each year the program attracts residents from around the world who
realize that with the advancements in technology that have occurred, implants
are clearly the wave of the future.
The first-year experience in periodontics is directed primarily toward providing
an introduction to preventive care, risk assessment, and epidemiological considerations
of periodontal diseases.
The second-year experience in periodontics is directed toward providing students with fundamental skills, both intellectual and mechanical, to begin clinical treatment of patients. A series of lectures addressing etiology, histopathology, initial therapy, and preventive strategies in the treatment of inflammatory periodontal diseases are taught in depth, with emphasis on the clinical management of gingivitis and early-to-moderate stages of periodontitis. During sophomore year, a brief introduction to surgical procedures is provided, with emphasis on indications, contraindications, and postoperative treatment.
In a simulation exercise that is both laboratory- and clinic-based, students are introduced to instrumentation for managing moderate inflammatory periodontal disease and are provided with a clinical experience to apply this knowledge.
The third-year course provides foundation knowledge in the more advanced therapeutic modalities of periodontics, integrating principles of basic biomedical sciences, including histology, immunology, and pathophysiology. The course of study consists of both didactic instruction and clinical practice. Principles of managing the more advanced periodontal patient are presented in a series of lectures covering diagnosis, prognosis, histopathology, surgical and nonsurgical intervention, and pharmacotherapeutics. Clinical practice is devoted to the treatment of patients with uncomplicated inflammatory periodontal diseases under close supervision in a comprehensive care clinic. Small diagnosis and treatment planning seminars are held for informal discussion of periodontics, and individual student initiative is encouraged. Students chart, diagnose, prepare case analyses, and present cases to patients and faculty. This course serves as a basis for the student to be able to diagnose and treat more advanced cases in their fourth year.
In the fourth year, instruction in periodontics continues with the student acting more independently within the framework of the comprehensive care program. With the exception of only the most advanced cases, students perform initial therapy on all periodontal patients. For those patients requiring surgical therapy, students assist postgraduate residents in the postgraduate clinic in all surgical procedures indicated for their patients, and depending on the clinical skills of the student, may also perform part of the surgical procedure itself. Students are evaluated on a regular basis during periodic competency exercises that are administered by the faculty. An honors course devoted entirely to clinical periodontics, including periodontal surgery, is available to a select group of highly motivated students with a particular interest and aptitude in this discipline of dentistry.
Implant curriculum. Undergraduate education of implants is a major focus of our newly restructured department. In collaboration with the department of Prosthodontics, the chief architects of this curriculum, and the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, NYU College of Dentistry presents an integrated implant curriculum that emphasizes implants as a routine restoration in clinical dentistry. NYU is in the forefront in defining the standard of care for implant overdentures. Implants are taught in D2, D3 and D4 as part of the didactic, preclinical and clinical curricula. It has been defined as one of the competencies for our graduates.
Representative research interests in the department include
risk assessment for destructive periodontal diseases and
systemic complications, periodontal regeneration, and cementogenesis
on artificial substrates. Most recently, the department was
awarded approximately $100,000 to study the relationship
between destructive periodontitis and glycemic control in
non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Furthermore, the
department is active in research in the clinical and basic
science studies of implants that require sinus grafts, immediate
loading, new innovative implant designs, etc. Select students
are involved in and assist faculty on research projects within