New York University - College of Dentistry
Home The College Research Academic Programs Library/Resources Continuing Education Community Outreach International Programs
Click to View Virtual Tour

Publications > Academic Bulletin > Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics

Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics

Acting Chair: Louis Terracio, PhD

Overview
The department has a long history of academic performance with contributions to all programs of the College. Biomaterials play a fundamental role in most dental diagnostic and restorative procedures. The department’s programs are enhanced by a long history of funded research and an extensively equipped research suite for biomaterials development and characterization, much of it centered around new materials, biological models, calcium phosphate chemistry, and investigations on hard tissue architecture and regeneration.

Curriculum
First and Second Years
The Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics contributes to the undergraduate dental educational program with lectures and laboratory exercises that are integrated into freshman and sophomore General Dentistry Simulation Programs to provide timely presentation of biomaterials course content.

Third and Fourth Years
These first two years programs are then enhanced by presentations integrated into the junior-year program covering the latest research findings and the translation of these into new clinical techniques and restorative and reconstructive philosophies. This requires close coordination with the other clinical departments of the Division of Reconstructive and Comprehensive Care and with the Division of Diagnostics, Infectious Disease, and Health Promotion.

The department’s educational and research role is enhanced by the M.S. Degree Program in Biomaterials and Biomimetics, offered in collaboration with the NYU Graduate School of Arts and Science. This provides the opportunity for dental graduate and postgraduate students to work on a broad range of research projects in collaboration with graduate students with materials and engineering backgrounds. The student educational experience is also strengthened by interaction with visiting scholars from other research institutions from around the world.

Research

  • Selective removal of carious dentin with polymer burs
  • Microtensile bond strength of adhesives to enamel, dentin, and ceramics
  • Fatigue and damage in dental ceramic crown structures
  • Enhance deposition of calcium phosphates on metal surfaces by selective surface treatments
  • Electrochemical deposition of adherent coatings consisting of apatites, substituted apatites, or related calcium phosphates on Ti and Ti alloy
  • Modification of surface composition and properties of Ti and Ti alloy substrates
  • Biomimetic methods of depositing coatings on implants
  • Role of defined surface topographical features on implant tissue interactions
  • Role of implant architecture at micro-, meso-, and macrolevels on induction of bone
  • Role of implant features on control of transcutaneous tissues for neurological leads
  • Cell/materials interaction with bone graft materials using osteoblast-like, odontoblast-like, or periodontal ligament cells
  • Biomimetic growth of calcium phosphates on enamel or dentin surfaces
  • Calcium phosphate-based biomaterials (ceramics, cements, composites) and scaffolds for engineered tissue response
  • Surface preparation methods and
    treatments on directed recalcification of enamel
  • Fatigue of implant abutment fixtures
  • Hertzian contact response of dental hard tissues

These projects involve high school students, dental students, postgraduate dentists, M.S. students, faculty, and visiting scholars and researchers.