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16WinTerMidwesternUniversityDentalSchoolandNovaSoutheasternUniversityCol-legeofDentalMedicinerespectivelymorehoursthantheUniversityofCali-forniaSanFranciscoandclosetoBostonUniversitysGoldmanSchoolofDentalMedicinewhichoffers597hours.Similarvariabilitycanbeseeninthepercentoftheclinicalcurriculumde-votedtopatientcareinschoolclinicsver-suscommunitylocations.Evenbeforetheestablishmentofthenewdentalschoolstherewasnoconsensusontheemphasisinthecurriculumrequiredtoeducateadentist.Thedataclearlyshowthatthereismuchvariabilityinwhattheestablisheddentalschoolsconsidernecessarytoedu-catestudents.Thesameistrueofnewschools.Simplyputthenumberofcoursehoursdevotedtothemajorblocksofcoursecontentdonotnecessarilyequatewiththequalityofeducationnorshouldtheybeconsideredrepresentativeofadentalschoolseducationalphilosophy.thinsuonalSngfodnaleucaonanhrsachMssonToelevatedentaleducationfrompro-prietarystatusandtoimprovepedagogytheGiesReportrecommendedthatalldentalschoolsbepartofthehigheruni-versitysystemintheUnitedStatesandCanada.Bertolamisuggeststhatthenewschoolsmaybeshortchangingresearchostensiblyinfavorofteachingandserv-iceandthattheyarenotlocatedinthebestuniversities.Hestatesthatdentalschoolsshouldbeinmajorresearchuni-versitiesandquestionswhetherthena-tionsfinestuniversitiesmaynotopttohaveadentalschool.Hesuggeststhattheincorporationofdentalschoolsintothefinestresearchuniversitiesisawayforwardfordentistryinreinventingit-selfnotonlyasadisciplineandvocationbutasalearnedprofession.UsingNationalInstituteofDentalandCraniofacialNIDCRgrantsup-portasamarkerofaschoolsresearchproductivityabouthalfor34ofthe62operatingdentalschoolsintheUnitedStateshadgrantsof1millionormorein2011.7MostofthefundedschoolsareinthepublicorprivateCarnegieDoctoralRe-searchUniversities-ExtensivecategorythetermResearchIUniversitiesisnolongerused.Theseschoolsmustmeetthemissionoftheiruniversitiesthroughfacultyresearchprogramsthatareonaparwithotherswithintheuniversity.The34schoolsonthelistaregenerallyrecognizedasdoingso.Intotalthe62schoolsbreakdownasfollows37areinthepublicorprivateCarnegieDoc-toralResearchUniversities-Extensivecategoryand25areintheCarnegieFoundationSpecializedMedicalinstitu-tionsorsimilarcampusescategory.ThelattercategorywasinstitutedbyCarnegietorecognizethemanyaca-demicmedicalcentersthatwereestab-lishedinthe1960sand1970sthatwerenotpartofanexistinguniversity.Re-searchinascholarlyenvironmentisgoingonnotonlyindentalschoolsthatareabletoobtaingrantfundingfromNIDCRorthosethatarepartofCarnegieResearch-IntensiveUniversitiesbutalsoinschoolsthathaveamissionthatincludesaheavycommitmenttocommu-nityserviceandservicelearning.8BoyerinScholarshipReconsideredPrioritiesoftheProfessoriatebroadensthecategoryofresearchtoincludeschol-arshipofintegrationapplicationandteachinginwhichfacultyintegratein-terpretandapplyresearchfindingstoproblemsinsociety.9UnfortunatelyitappearsthatBertolamiusingwording