The Hundred Years War
LINK TO MAP OF HENRY V'S CAMPAIGN IN FRANCE
-Henry V was 25 years old when he came to the throne of England in April 1413.
-He began preparing for his invasion of France when all negotiations failed in February 1415.
-In the last 50 years warfare had changed a considerable amount.....
-Plate armour was now in general use.
-New arrowhead had been developed.
-Armies had become better trained & more professional.
-Henry doubled the number of King's ships.
-The final army, excluding ship crews and the Royal Household numbered around 10,000 fighting men.
-Henry intended to mount his entire force & over 20,000 horses, including pack animals, sailed with his expedition to Harfleur in 1415.
-French deputation offered Henry a present of tennis balls by the way of compensation...Henry did in fact remark: "If God wills, I shall play with such balls in France that they will lose the game, & if they sleep too deep they shall waken to the sound of us beating on their doors."
-August 7, 1415 Henry joined his invasion fleet @ South Hampton:
-Army= 10,000 men (2,000 knights & men @ arms & 8,000 archers)
Royal Household= 1,000 men/ 75 gunners, 15 musicians, 6 bowyers, 13 chaplains, 12 armourers, 60 grooms, & 20 surgeons
-August 15, 1415 the English army re-opened the second phase of the 100 Years War.
-In the first 5 weeks Henry V's army lost over 2,000 men to sickness.
-French forces in the field exceeded 30,000 men (Outnumbering Henry 6 to 1)
-French losses were about 8,000 as well as 1,600 prisoners. English losses unknown, but small.
LINK TO FAMOUS ST. CRISPIAN'S DAY SPEECH