#4-10 Grove Street
#4 -10 Grove Street, builder: James N. Wells [1825-34]

This line of residences is one of the most authentic group of classic Federal Style row houses from the 1820s. Built for working-class population of the West Village such as window sash makers and craftspeople, the houses are typical for their time and place. Common features of this building type are the red brick facades along the street frontage, wooden clapboard facades at the rear, the Flemish bond brickwork, the small dormer windows and the wrought iron railings. Like other row houses in this area, these were built by local carpenters and masons who copied the architectural designs from pattern books. The result is an unpretentious architecture with simple detailing that is appropriate for the housing needs of the working class in a growing American city.