Plaza at 55 Water Street
M. Paul Friedberg and Associates (1972)

This carefully landscaped if unwelcoming public space was built in order to capitalize on the provisions of the 1961 zoning allowances. By investing minimal effort in the creation of public plazas such as this one, developers and owners could add up to 20% more space to their buildings, thereby increasing financial returns. The difficulty of accessing and using this space can be understood as a display of cynicism towards the public.