Walk 8: Ladies' Mile

If people of affluence settle in an area, shops surely follow. The development of Ladies' Mile grows out of this tradition yet its innovation was the introduction of a new type of retail experience---the department store. These large stores first appeared on the primary shopping street, Broadway, after the Civil War. As the elevated line was built on Sixth Avenue to 23rd Street the shopping district shifted to this area. This walk studies shops including the department store and the emergence of the concept of merchandizing, the neighborhood of the nightclub and the beer hall, the tourists' section and the rise of the world's first elevated local train system. The new shopping and entertainment district rises over the old second-tier gentry residential neighborhood, which is now only visible through its remaining religious institutions: a cemetery and a former church converted into the Limelight nightclub. We will follow the neighborhood from the 1840s to the 1990s as it again becomes one of the city's most vibrant districts.

Jefferson Market Courthouse, 425 6th Avenue, Calvert Vaux & Frederick Withers [1873-77, restored and adapted, 1967]
B. Altman Dry Goods Store, 621 6th Avenue, D. and J. Jardine and others [c.1877]
Siegel-Cooper & Company Dry Goods Store, 616-632 6th Avenue, De Lemos & Cordes [1896]
Church of the Holy Communion, 49 West 20th Street, Richard Upjohn [1846]
Hugh O'Neill Dry Goods Store, 655-71 6th Avenue, Mortimer Merritt [1876]
Shearith Israel Cemetery, 98-110 West 21st Street [in use 1829-1851]
Stern Brother's Department Store, 32-36 West 23rd Street, Henry Fernbach [1878, enlarged 1892, by W. M. Schickel]
Fuller/Flatiron Building, 175 5th Avenue, Daniel Burnham & Co. [1902]
Madison Square Park, between Madison Avenue & Fifth Avenue and 23rd Street & 26th Street
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, South Building, 1 Madison Avenue [East wing 1893, Tower 1909 by Napoleon LeBrun & Sons]
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, North Building, 11 Madison Avenue, Corbett & Waid [1932-50]
Appellate Court, 35 East 25th Street, James Brown Lord [1900-02]
Lord & Taylor, 901 Broadway, James Giles [1867]
Goelet Building, Broadway & 20th Street, McKim, Mead & White [1885-86]
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace, 28 East 20th Street [1848]
Gramercy Park
Tilden House (National Arts Club), 15 Gramercy Park, Calvert Vaux [1884]
Player's Club, 16 Gramercy Park South [1845, 1888 remodeled by Stanford White]
34 Gramercy Park, George Dacunha [1881 or 1883]

Related links:
-The Monsters of Gramercy Park
-The Metropolitan Life Insurance Building as originally planned

The Walks: [Lower Manhattan] [Seaport] [Wall Street] [City Hall] [Soho] [East Village] [West Village] [Ladies Mile] [Upper West Side] [Morningside] [Grand Central] [Park Ave.] [Rockefeller Center] [Home]