FERPA stands for Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (sometimes called the Buckley Amendment). Passed by Congress in 1974, the Act grants four specific rights to a college or university student:
- the right to see the education records that the institution maintains on the student
- the right to seek amendment to those records and in certain cases append a statement to the record
- the right to consent to disclosure of his/her education records
- the right to file a complaint with the FERPA Office in Washington, D.C.