Business Expenses

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New York University (“the University”) funds may be used only for necessary and reasonable expenses that support the mission of the University.

Purpose of the Policy

This policy is intended to ensure proper stewardship of University funds by providing guidelines for their appropriate use, and outlining procedures that will help members of the University community comply with all applicable rules and regulations.

Scope of this Policy

This policy applies to any member of the University community who initiates, processes, approves, or records financial transactions that involve University funds. This policy does not apply to NYU Langone Medical Center (or its component parts: NYU Hospitals Center, its affiliates, and New York University School of Medicine).

This policy does not apply to externally sponsored agreements that are governed by the Sponsored Programs Administration Handbook and administered by the Office of Sponsored Programs and Post Award Administration. Please refer to the Sponsored Programs Administration’s Post Award Policies and Procedures Handbook (SPA
Handbook - nyu.edu/spahandbook) for information and guidance regarding allowable and unallowable expenses associated with sponsored research.

Procedures for Implementation

Business expenses are those costs that are incurred for activities that benefit
the University and advance its missions of being a “top quality international center of scholarship, teaching and research”. Business expenses may take the form of direct payments to individuals or organizations that provide the University with goods or services, or reimbursements to University employees for costs they incur on behalf of the University.

University funds may be used only for business expenses. This policy provides the guidelines on the various expenses for which University funds may be used. It is intended to provide general guidelines to help all employees of New York University specifically to:

• understand their responsibilities related to the protection, use, and management of University funds;
• identify expenses that may be charged to specific University funds;
• determine expenses for which University funds may not be used;
• properly record and report expenses incurred in support of University missions; and,
• ensure consistent compliance with applicable federal, state, and local regulations.

Before incurring or approving any expense on behalf of the University, you must know which expenses are allowable or unallowable under the guidelines of the federal government and which are permissible or non-permissible according to the policies of the University. To avoid costs for which you will not be reimbursed and to avoid incurring financial risks or liabilities to the University, follow the guidelines provided in this document and the SPA Handbook (nyu.edu/spahandbook).  Policies executed by schools, departments and units can be more restrictive than the University policy. Enforcement of the more restrictive policy will be the responsibility of the school, department or unit. In no case can a school, department or unit have a policy less restrictive than the University policy.

Stewardship Responsibility

All individuals who incur or authorize business expenses on behalf of the University have a responsibility to ensure that University funds are used appropriately. All employees of the University are expected to exercise due diligence when generating, reviewing, and approving transactions that commit to the expenditure of University funds.

Transaction Authority
Certain individuals are delegated the responsibility or authority to initiate or enter into transactions that commit the University to spend funds. All individuals incurring, approving, recording or processing payment of business expenses must know the signatory approval structure established in his/her school, department, or unit. This structure ensures that business expenses are properly reviewed and authorized. The Signature Authority Policy and the Delegated Authority Database (which details the signatory approval structure established in each school, or unit) can be found at http://www.nyu.edu/about/policies-guidelines- compliance/policies-and-guidelines/signature-authority-policy.html.

Conflict of Interest

The Board of Trustees of New York University prohibits those activities or behavior which conflict with the best interests of the University. Transactions therefore between a supplier of goods or services and the University in which a conflict of interest exists are prohibited.

“Conflict of interest” is defined as a situation in which a University official, faculty, staff, or any of his/her family or associates either has an existing or potential financial or other material interest that (1) impairs or might appear to impair his/her independence and objectivity of judgment in the discharge of responsibilities to the University, or (2) may receive a financial or other material benefit from knowledge of information confidential to the University.

For specific rules and requirements established by the Board of Trustees, see the Conflict of Interest Policy of the University at http://www.nyu.edu/about/policies-guidelines- compliance/policies-and-guidelines/conflict-of-interest-policy.html.

The Office of Sponsored Programs (www.nyu.edu/osp) provides additional rules and requirements that apply to sponsored programs.

University Policies on Procurement and Expense Reimbursement

To avoid incurring costs for which you may not be reimbursed, or committing the University to costs that cannot be paid using University funds, consult the procurement policies of the University at http://www.nyu.edu/about/policies-guidelines- compliance/policies-and-guidelines/purchasing-policies-and-procedures-manual.html before you incur the expense. Certain expenses may be subject to specific procurement rules and requirements of the government.

Individuals who incur business expenses using personal funds may be reimbursed by the University through Accounts Payable. Refer to the Expense Reimbursement Policy of the University for specific guidance.

Allowable and Unallowable Expenses
Certain expenses that the University deems legitimate and permissible may be deemed unallowable by the federal government. University funds may be used for such expenses, but they must be identified and segregated in the University’s general ledger. Please refer to the SPA Handbook for information and guidance regarding allowable and unallowable expenses associated with Sponsored Research.

NYU Non-Permissible Expenses

General Comments
Any expense that does not support the missions of the University and does not reflect proper stewardship is considered by the University as non-permissible regardless of the source of funds.  When the non-permissible expenses listed below are submitted to the University for reimbursement or payment, they will be rejected, unless they are justified in a memo as necessary in carrying out a University task or function. The memo should provide a clear explanation of why such an expense should be deemed a business expense, and should be submitted to the “Approver” (the individual responsible for funds being charged) for review and approval. Accounts Payable will not process any payment or reimbursement of non- permissible expenses unless the memo is attached.

Personal Expenses
Personal expenses refer to those expenses that are not related to any activity of the University, are not required in carrying out an individual’s task or responsibility at work, or do not benefit the University. Personal expenses include, but are not limited to, the following:

• Automobile repairs
• Child care
• Credit card annual fees
• Delinquency fees or finance charges on the NYU Travel and    Entertainment Card (“T&E Card”) or personal credit cards
• Dues in private clubs
• Frequent flyer and other similar awards for hotel and car rentals
• Grooming services (haircuts and shoe shines)
• Gym and recreational fees, including massages and saunas
• In-room movies
• Pet care
• Telephone charges in excess of what is deemed reasonable for calls to home when on business travel (see “Expenses Related to Business Travel” section in this document)
• Traffic violation penalties
• Upgrades (air, hotel, car, etc.) when traveling on University business
• Expenses that will be reimbursed from another source
• Any fraudulent expense
Other Non-Permissible Expenses

Other expenses for which University funds cannot be used are:

Expenses that should not be paid using personal funds (e.g., independent contractor fees, stipends, cash gifts, etc.; these types of expenses should be charged directly to the University)

Any expense prohibited by law (e.g., University funds cannot be used for payments or donations to political organizations or candidates)

NYU Permissible Expenses

General Comments
Expenses that support the missions of the University are deemed valid and therefore permissible. The following sections of the document detail those expenses that are generally deemed permissible.

Payment Methods
University employees are advised to use established University methods to incur business expenses. A business expense should be paid by the University directly to the vendor using the Procurement Card or i-Buy NYU (refer to the University's Buying and Paying Guide for further guidance). When expenses are related to travel, the T&E Card or the Departmental Travel Card should be used.

Certain expenses may be incurred by University employees in the conduct of University business using personal funds. These expenses may be reimbursed when University and government requirements are met (see the Expense Reimbursement Policy of the University for specific guidance). They may also be excluded from an individual’s taxable income if they meet IRS requirements for an “accountable plan.”

Sales Tax
• New York Sales Tax Exemptions on Purchases of Meals and Lodging
The University is exempt from New York sales tax for meal and lodging
expenses provided the following conditions are met: the retailer directly charges the University for the meals or lodging; the University directly pays the retailer with a University check / ACH or a University corporate card (such as Purchasing cards, Bookstore Cards, Fleet Cards, Student Club Cards, and CTA cards) ; and the University is not reimbursed, in whole or in part, by donation or otherwise, for its payment for the meals or lodging by those consuming the meals or lodging. Personal expenses are not eligible for the University’s sales tax exemption.

The sales tax exemption will not apply if the meal or lodging is paid using a personal credit card.

Out-of-State Sales Tax Exemptions for Meals and Lodging
Certain lodging and meal expenses incurred while traveling on University business outside of New York may be exempt from state sales tax. The University qualifies for travel-related sales tax exemptions in New Jersey, Massachusetts, Florida, Missouri, Illinois and Washington, DC.
The relevant exemption forms for the above-listed states can be obtained from askfinancelink@nyu.edu. In order to obtain exemption, the University must make the payment directly to the hotel or restaurant using a University corporate card or check / ACH.  The out-of-state sales tax exemption will not apply if the meal or lodging is paid using a personal credit card.

Purchase of Other Goods and Services
The terms and conditions for NYU’s purchase order include an exemption from sales tax. The University’s sales tax exemption is also available when purchasing goods and services using University corporate cards. In cases where using a University Corporate Card is not permissible, the University will provide its sales tax exemption certificate (Form ST-119) upon request submitted to askfinancelink@nyu.edu with a specific supplier named for the purchase of goods and services. Please send the request including the vendor’s name and address to askfinancelink@nyu.edu at least 2 weeks prior to the purchase date.

1.A Transportation

• Air Travel
Travelers are expected to choose the lowest priced, most feasible airfare available at the time of booking. The traveler can use a preferred airline, when available and when it satisfies the low-cost requirement. 14-day advance purchase of airline tickets is recommended.

Travelers are expected to purchase economy-class travel. Business class travel may be allowed for transoceanic flights and continuous flights > 6 hours, but must be pre- approved by the Dean or Senior Leader of the unit or the travel will not be reimbursed. Deans and Senior Team individuals should seek pre-approval for Business Class travel from the Executive Vice President or Provost. For Senior Leadership with global responsibilities, it is assumed travel is approved and business class is authorized without pre-approval. Upgrades to first-class and business-class will not be reimbursed.
Examples where Business Class may be approved include:
1. Compressed Travel (traveler must report to work immediately after flight);
2. Health considerations;
3. Travelers whose job descriptions include > 50% responsibilities which are global in nature (outside their "home location), as determined by their supervisor.
4. Critical Event/emergency related travel

Premium Economy will be reimbursed without prior approval if the total cost of the upgrade is <$100 and continuous flight time is > 6 hours.
Travelers are encouraged to book travel using one of the NYU preferred booking tools at http://www.nyu.edu/life/travel-and-transportation/nyu-traveler.html.

For travel related to NYU Abu Dhabi please refer to the NYU Abu Dhabi Travel and Accommodation Policy at https://intranet.nyuad.nyu.edu/files/travel-accommodation- policy.pdf (NYUHome login credentials required).

The University will not reimburse airline tickets purchased using frequent flyer miles.

Travel by Rail
Rail travel may be used whenever feasible and/or when it is more economical than air travel. Travelers are expected to choose the lowest economy priced fare available. Individuals are encouraged to take advantage of University discounts by booking preferred rail services. Preferred vendors for rail services can be found at: http://www.nyu.edu/life/travel-and-transportation/nyu-traveler/discounts.html

Ground Transportation
Travelers will be reimbursed for ordinary and reasonably priced ground transportation to and from airports or railroad stations when such service is not included in air or rail fares, and for regularly available transportation between the traveler’s hotel and other points of business.

Ordinary taxi rides that are taken while on University business are permissible. Car services may be used if approved by the school, department, or unit.  Preferred vendors for car services can be found at http://www.nyu.edu/life/travel- and-transportation/nyu-traveler/discounts.html

In the case of frequent car service use, please contact NYU’s Global Travel Team at nyutraveler.info@nyu.edu. The Global Travel team can assist your school, department or unit with opening an account with a preferred vendor.

Personal Vehicles
Employees may use personal vehicles for business travel when doing so is less expensive than renting a car or taking a taxi. Valid expenses related to the use of personal vehicles for business travel are reimbursed based on the Federal government’s standard mileage rate, which covers the use of the vehicle and gasoline.

A new rate is issued each January by the IRS; for current rate, see http://www.nyu.edu/employees/resources-and-services/financelink/buying- paying/employee-reimbursement-and-advances/standard-mileage-rate.html
Costs of repairs to personal vehicles during business travel are deemed personal expenses; University funds cannot be used for such expenses.
Before using personal vehicles for business travel, check the requirements of your school, department, or unit. Prior approval, in some cases, may be necessary.

The owners of those vehicles used for University business are responsible for ensuring adequate insurance coverage for their protection and for the protection of any passengers. Their personal auto insurance carrier is deemed the primary insurance carrier. NYU does not protect the driver or the owner against loss resulting from bodily injury or damage to property. Contact the Insurance & Enterprise Risk Management Department of the University for Specific Guidance.

Frequent use of personal vehicles for University business is discouraged.


Policy Continues- Click Here for Entire PDF

  1. Dates of official enactment and amendments: Jul 15, 2004
  2. History: Revised: March 2012, September 2014, June 2016 Revised November, 2014: Additional language added to per diems and incidental expenses sections, found on pages 10-11 of Policy PDF.
  3. Cross References: N/A