New York University Skip to Content Skip to Search Skip to Navigation Skip to Sub Navigation

Researchers Take Next Step Toward Enhancing Artificial Proteins

January 3, 2013

A team of researchers has developed a method to successfully predict the structures of artificial proteins, a breakthrough that could yield valuable methods for making pharmaceuticals and other chemicals that require precise assembly of complex structures.

The work, which appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), was conducted by researchers at NYU, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Stony Brook University, and Temple University.

The structures of natural proteins define their complex functions. Based on interactions between their amino acids, proteins can fold and twist into distinct, chemically directed shapes. The resulting structure dictates the proteins’ actions in the body, so accurate modeling of structure is vital to understanding their functions.

Peptoids, or synthetic proteins, follow similar design rules. Because peptoids are less vulnerable to chemical or metabolic breakdown than are proteins, they hold promise for pharmaceuticals and materials. Moreover, scientists can now build and manipulate peptoid molecules with great precision. But to design peptoids for a specific function, researchers need to first untangle the complex relationship between a peptoid’s composition and its folded structure. 

Past efforts to predict protein structure have had limited success, but the research team for the PNAS study demonstrated that a computer modeling approach similar to one used to predict protein structures can accurately predict peptoid conformations as well

“The research was carried out by a remarkable, interdisciplinary team of scientists,” says Kent Kirshenbaum, an associate professor in NYU’s Department of Chemistry and one of the study’s co-authors. “Some of the team have worked together on this truly difficult problem for almost 20 years. The researchers include both experimentalists and theorists who have been able to guide one another in discovering how these peptoid molecules fold.”

The research team, which also included Richard Bonneau, an associate professor in NYU’s Department of Biology, devised an innovative approach to make accurate predictions of peptoid folding—a “blind structure prediction” challenge. This self-assessment technique allowed scientists to test the fidelity of their computational models by predicting the three-dimensional structure of a known molecule and then comparing their proposed structure to the X-ray crystallography results.

The proposed structural predictions of the peptoid molecules did exceedingly well at calculating the actual folded conformations, suggesting that reliable structure prediction for complex three-dimensional folds is within reach and marking an enormous step forward on the path to reliable and efficient computational peptoid design. 

Portions of this work were performed at the Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and supported by the DOE Office of Science. Additional funding came from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health.

Type: Article

Researchers Take Next Step Toward Enhancing Artificial Proteins

Search News

NYU In the News

NYU Received a Record Number of Applications

Capital New York reported NYU received a record 60,322 applications for the class of 2019, an increase of about 15 percent since last year.

NYU Students Help City Crack Down on Hookah Bars

Capital New York reported that NYU students helped New York City crack down on hookah bars that illegally include tobacco in their hookahs:

Rudin Center Study Says Mass Transit Helps Economic Mobility

The Wall Street Journal wrote about a report by Wagner’s Rudin Center that showed that mass transit could be more important than education in determining economic mobility.

Brennan Center Report Says Campaign Spending Has Jumped

Frontline did a piece about a report by the Brennan Center for Justice that said that campaign spending by outside groups has more than doubled in the last five years.

NYU’s Dorms Ranked Among the Best in the Nation ranked NYU’s student residences third in the country in its list of best college dorms.


NYU Footer