New York University Skip to Content Skip to Search Skip to Navigation Skip to Sub Navigation

NYUCN Study Points to Poor Management and Stressful Work As the Leading Causes of RN Attrition

October 5, 2007
N-89, 2006-07

Findings crucial toward estimating and reducing turnover rates for new RNs

A study, published in the September 2007 issue of the American Journal of Nursing (AJN), provides new insight into the work experiences of newly-licensed RNs that may help reduce the turnover rate of hospital nurses.

“A shortage of 340,000 RNs is projected by 2020,” warns Christine Kovner, PhD, RN, FAAN, professor at New York University’s College of Nursing and lead author of the study, “Newly Licensed RNs’ Characteristics, Work Attitudes, and Intentions to Work.” The national study is the first to explore attitudes and experiences among newly-licensed first-time RNs in their first 18 months following graduation.

“Of those who had already left their first job the most common reasons cited were poor management, followed by stressful work. When asked whether they would choose the same job if they were free to go into any type of job, 41.5% answered they would want another job,” said Kovner.

“Therefore, it is vital that we understand the factors that promote the retention of newly-licensed RNs as well as factors that lead to the high turnover rates among them. We plan to continue surveying these RNs for two more years and develop predictive models of turnover, based on our findings,” added Kovner.

Dr. William Greene from NYU’s Stern School of Business, a study co-investigator, provided the econometrics expertise to interpret the data. “They are using some innovative economic modeling techniques, which is going to create a powerful data set for them,” remarked Greene.

“This study helps to establish baseline data about a population that is particularly important both to the nursing profession and our health care system,” said Carol S. Brewer, PhD, RN, associate professor in the School of Nursing at the University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, who co-authored the study. “There are both costs and benefits when individuals leave organizations, as well as when they move within a health care system; however, as long as newly-licensed RNs stay in nursing, the nursing community will not have lost its invested human capital.”

The study included a survey that was mailed to a random sample of new RNs in 35 states and the District of Columbia. A total of 3,266 nurses completed the survey with a response rate of 56%. Data were gathered in four areas: respondent characteristics, work-setting characteristics, respondents attitudes about work and job opportunities. Respondents who were not working were asked about their reasons for being unemployed, if applicable.

Support for this study was provided by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) in Princeton, NJ, the nation’s largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to improving the health and health care of all Americans.

The College of Nursing at the College of Dentistry is located on New York University’s historic Greenwich Village campus in New York City. The College of Nursing is one of the leading nursing programs in the United States. The College offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing; Master of Arts and Post-Master’s Certificate Programs; and a Doctor of Philosophy in Research Theory and Development. For more information, visit

This Press Release is in the following Topics:
College of Nursing

Type: Press Release

Press Contact: Christopher James | (212) 998-6876

Search News

NYU In the News

Big Man on a Global Campus
The New York Times profiles NYU's new president, Andy Hamilton.
NYU Received a Record Number of Applications

Capital New York reported NYU received a record 60,322 applications for the class of 2019, an increase of about 15 percent since last year.

NYU Students Help City Crack Down on Hookah Bars

Capital New York reported that NYU students helped New York City crack down on hookah bars that illegally include tobacco in their hookahs:

Rudin Center Study Says Mass Transit Helps
Economic Mobility

The Wall Street Journal wrote about a report by Wagner’s Rudin Center that showed that mass transit could be more important than education in determining economic mobility.

Brennan Center Report Says Campaign Spending
Has Jumped

Frontline did a piece about a report by the Brennan Center for Justice that said that campaign spending by outside groups has more than doubled in the last five years.

NYU’s Dorms Ranked Among the Best in the Nation ranked NYU’s student residences third in the country in its list of best college dorms.

NYU Footer